With and without initialize method


#1

Hi all,

I try to understand some concepts in Ruby. I define two classes, one
with and the other without initialize method. In order to call the
methods defined in each class I need to call new/initialize method
first. Why is that?

Thanks,

Li

#####################
class X
def hello_1
puts ‘Hello_1’
end
end

a=X.new
a.hello_1

####################
class Y
def initialize
end

def hello_2
puts’Hello_2’
end
end

b=Y.new
b.hello_2

######screen output

ruby test3.rb
Hello_1
Hello_2
Exit code: 0


#2

Alle 17:18, martedì 9 gennaio 2007, Li Chen ha scritto:

Li

Exit code: 0
The methods you defined are instance methods, i.e they must be called
using
instances of the class as receiver; you can’t call them from the class
themselves. You need to call new because new returns an instance of the
class. In the first case, where you don’t define initialize, the
initialize
method of the base class (Object) is called.

If you want to call methods from the class (X.a_method), you must define
them
this way:

class X
def X.a_method
#method implementation
end
end

X.a_method

I hope this helps

Stefano


#3

Stefano C. wrote:

The methods you defined are instance methods, i.e they must be called
using
instances of the class as receiver; you can’t call them from the class
themselves. You need to call new because new returns an instance of the
class. In the first case, where you don’t define initialize, the
initialize
method of the base class (Object) is called.

Thanks and it helps. But when I check which methods are available in
class Object I can’t see initialize there. Do I miss something?

Li

irb(main):003:0> puts Object.methods{|m|m.to_s}.sort

id
include?
included_modules
inspect
instance_eval
instance_method
instance_methods
instance_of?
instance_variable_get
instance_variable_set
instance_variables
is_a?

=> nil


#4

Stefano C. wrote:

initialize is a private method, so it won’t be shown by methods (which
only
returns the names of the publicly accessible methods). To see it, you
must
use private_methods:

rb(main):003:0> puts Object.private_methods.sort

Thank you very much,

Li


#5

Alle 17:51, martedì 9 gennaio 2007, Li Chen ha scritto:

But when  I check which methods are available in
class Object I can’t see initialize there. Do I miss something?

initialize is a private method, so it won’t be shown by methods (which
only
returns the names of the publicly accessible methods). To see it, you
must
use private_methods:

rb(main):003:0> puts Object.private_methods.sort

include
included
inherited
initialize
initialize_copy
irb_binding
iterator?

Stefano