What is the scope of this object

Hi all,

irb(main):001:0>
irb(main):002:0* class A
irb(main):003:1> def secret;“you found me”;end
irb(main):004:1> end
=> nil
irb(main):005:0> class BlackHole
irb(main):006:1> a=A.new
irb(main):007:1> end
=> #<A:0x40224e50>
irb(main):008:0> ObjectSpace.each_object(){|obj| $found=obj if
obj.respond_to? :secret }
=> 5252
irb(main):009:0> $found
=> #<A:0x40224e50>
irb(main):010:0> $found.secret
=> “you found me”
irb(main):011:0>

seemingly a is not dead inside BlackHole
is there a civilized way to get to it? (not through ObjectSpace)

I know Ruby has @@ and @ for variables, everything else are methods
if defined inside a class like in example above

but where do object like a go if defined inside a class?

Regards, Daniel

Robert K. wrote:

It’s a local variable that goes out of scope when the class body is
closed. The fact that you can access it via ObjectSpace does not
proove much. The instance is likely not yet garbage collected when
you start ObjectSpace.each_object. Also note, that it’s dangerous to
rely on IRB when it comes to local variables and such as IRB behaves
slightly different than the Ruby interpreter due to the line by line
mode.
First I thought the same. But running the following (even without IRB)
still finds the object:

class A
def secret;“you found me”;end
end

class BlackHole
A.new
nil
end

GC.start
ObjectSpace.each_object(){|obj| $found=obj if obj.respond_to? :secret }
p $found # => #<A:0xb7b1af74>
p $found.secret # => “you found me”

v = [ RUBY_PLATFORM, RUBY_VERSION, RUBY_RELEASE_DATE ] * ’ ’
p v # => “i686-linux 1.8.4 2005-12-24”

Is this a bug?

Schüle Daniel wrote:

=> #<A:0x40224e50>
is there a civilized way to get to it? (not through ObjectSpace)

I know Ruby has @@ and @ for variables, everything else are methods
if defined inside a class like in example above

but where do object like a go if defined inside a class?

Regards, Daniel

It’s a local variable that goes out of scope when the class body is
closed. The fact that you can access it via ObjectSpace does not proove
much. The instance is likely not yet garbage collected when you start
ObjectSpace.each_object. Also note, that it’s dangerous to rely on IRB
when it comes to local variables and such as IRB behaves slightly
different than the Ruby interpreter due to the line by line mode.

Kind regards

robert

“F” == Florian F. [email protected] writes:

F> Is this a bug?

no, for ruby it’s still on the stack.

Guy Decoux

Hello,

[…]

It’s a local variable that goes out of scope when the class body is
closed. The fact that you can access it via ObjectSpace does not proove
much. The instance is likely not yet garbage collected when you start
ObjectSpace.each_object.

ok, I understand. They are used in the same way as any local variable.
right now I don’t see any possible not trivial purposes it could be
useful for me. Maybe something like

class Q
f=File.read(“data”)
eval f
end

By the way, what if I create

class Q
@x=1
end

to whom does @x belong now?
Does it make sense? (Usually one wants to create with @@ class variables
at this scope)

Regards, Daniel

ts wrote:

F> Is this a bug?

no, for ruby it’s still on the stack.

Ah, I see. If this happens in a required file, it’s garbage collected
after the file has been evaluated. One should keep this in mind, after
creating larger objects in “class … end”.

Schüle Daniel wrote:

class Q
@x=1
end
to whom does @x belong now?
Q.instance_variable_get :@x # => 1
Does it make sense? (Usually one wants to create with @@ class
variables at this scope)
@@variables are shared across the whole class hierarchy. Often that is
not what is wanted. IMHO they are rather useless.

Your @x from above is a class instance variable, a variable of the class
object Q.

It’s a good idea to use accessor methods to set/get its value.

class Q
class << self
attr_accessor :x
end
self.x = 0
end

Q.x # => 0
Q.x = 1
Q.x # => 1

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