What is meant by << operator?


#1

What is meant by << operator?

For example this operator is used in following code,

//
def add_product(product)
current_item = @items.find {|item| item.product == product}
if current_item
current_item.increment_quantity
else
current_item = CartItem.new(product)
@items << current_item
end
current_item
end
/
/


#2

Muhammad mohsin ali Ma schrieb:

else
current_item = CartItem.new(product)
@items << current_item
end
current_item
end
/*****************************************************/
it appends the object “current_item” to the Array @items


#3

Do u know right syntax of form tag?


#4

Hello,

Muhammad mohsin ali Ma wrote:

What is meant by << operator?

It is not an operator, but actually is the method “<<”. So it depends on
the object that receives this method.

def add_product(product)
current_item = @items.find {|item| item.product == product}
if current_item
current_item.increment_quantity
else
current_item = CartItem.new(product)
@items << current_item
end
current_item
end

Consequently given that @items certainly is an Array, it appends
current_item to @items which seems quite intuitive.

–Lucas


#5

FrihD wrote:

It is not an operator, but actually is the method “<<”. So it depends
on the object that receives this method.

Actually, it depends on what it depends on, because it’s both (either
or). It’s a method, or just an operator (<< left shift bitwise
operator), or as an append operator. I suppose it’s all in the use and
wording, though.


#6

On Jan 10, 2009, at 3:29 PM, FrihD wrote:

Muhammad mohsin ali Ma wrote:

What is meant by << operator?

It is not an operator, but actually is the method “<<”. So it
depends on the object that receives this method.

We just had a long rambling thread about operators vs. methods:
<http://blade.nagaokaut.ac.jp/cgi-bin/scat.rb/ruby/ruby-talk/323906

I’d describe ‘<<’ as a re-definable operator. Syntactically it is an
operator but its semantics are defined by an associated method.

Ruby also has operators that can’t be redefined: || && or and not ! ?:

There are often semantics associated with operators that shouldn’t be
disregarded without thought. For example:

lhs << rhs

often means that rhs will ‘added’ to lhs modifying lhs in the
process. On the other hand:

lhs + rhs

generally means new object formed by ‘adding’ rhs’ to ‘lhs’ will be
returned and that lhs will not be modified.

Ruby doesn’t enforce these semantics but developers shouldn’t ignore
them either.

Gary W.


#7

David A. Black wrote:

or). It’s a method, or just an operator (<< left shift bitwise

The syntactic sugar, however, has the clear purpose of making it look
like an infix operator. I think it’s an operator kind of the way
“attributes” are attributes – that is, mainly in the eye of the
beholder. The language really doesn’t care whether we call things
attributes and operators, so it’s all about what helps people make
sense of it.

David

That’s pretty much what I was saying, too. (Or trying to say). I
personally don’t care how people refer to things, provided it conveys
the intent and function. It’s all good to me.


#8

Hi –

On Sun, 11 Jan 2009, Tim G. wrote:

FrihD wrote:

It is not an operator, but actually is the method “<<”. So it depends
on the object that receives this method.

Actually, it depends on what it depends on, because it’s both (either
or). It’s a method, or just an operator (<< left shift bitwise
operator), or as an append operator. I suppose it’s all in the use and
wording, though.

The method-ness has a certain primacy, in the sense that this:

a << b

is always a method call; that is, it is always the same as:

a.<<(b)

The syntactic sugar, however, has the clear purpose of making it look
like an infix operator. I think it’s an operator kind of the way
“attributes” are attributes – that is, mainly in the eye of the
beholder. The language really doesn’t care whether we call things
attributes and operators, so it’s all about what helps people make
sense of it.

David


David A. Black / Ruby Power and Light, LLC
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