Validation across multiple models

Hi, I’ve a Category model with fields:

and class defition:

class Category < ActiveRecord::Base
belongs_to :project
has_many :choices
has_many :voices, :through => :choices
validates_presence_of :project_id, :message => “Selezionare un

the other model is Project with fields:


and class definition

class Project < ActiveRecord::Base
has_many :voices, :order => :name
has_many :categories, :order => :name
belongs_to :project_type
validates_presence_of :name
validates_presence_of :project_type_id

def project_type
  ProjectType.find(project_type_id).name if project_type_id


What I want is the ability to block category duplication but only when
project_type_id of the project is 2.

I thought I could write something like this in the Category model:
validates_uniqueness_of :name, :scope => :project_id if
Project.find_by_id(3).project_type_id == 2

which indeed works but how can I make dynamic using the project_id of
the current category? I mean I would like to replace
…find_by_id(3)… with something like …find_by_id(project_id)…

As an alternative I’ve tried also defining a validate method in the
Category model but without luck, it always validates or invalidates the
Thank you.


P.s. I’m just learning RoR and OOP so excuse my coding.

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