Swig, c++, use string

I would like to use the c++ string type as a parameter of function
return of some c++ functions used in a ruby module, made with swig.

Here is a simple example I tried to use the string type :

#-----------------
%module str

%inline %{

// pour tester les string

#include

using namespace std;

string fctBidon (string s)
{
string res;
res = s + " salt bidon";
return res;
}

string bidon()
{
string res = “bouh”;
return res;
}

%}
#-----------------

But when I use it, here are the errors I get :

#-----------------
[eurubyt:24] bidon
==> #SWIG::TYPE_p_string:0xb7f080e0
[eurubyt:25] bidon.class
==> SWIG::TYPE_p_string
[eurubyt:26] fctBidon(“bb”)
TypeError: in method ‘fctBidon’, argument 1 of type ‘string’
from (irb):26:in `fctBidon’
from (irb):26
#-----------------

That means the c++ string type isn’t considered as the ruby String
class…

Anybody knows how I can make this work ? I would like the c++ string
type to be considered as the ruby String class…

On 3/20/06, killy-kun [email protected] wrote:

// pour tester les string
}
But when I use it, here are the errors I get :
#-----------------

That means the c++ string type isn’t considered as the ruby String class…

Anybody knows how I can make this work ? I would like the c++ string
type to be considered as the ruby String class…

There’s an example that does this near the end of a presentation I
gave. You can get a PDF of the presentation at
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stlruby/files/. Look for the file
RubyTools.pdf.

Mark V. wrote:

%inline %{
res = s + " salt bidon";
#-----------------
from (irb):26:in `fctBidon’
gave. You can get a PDF of the presentation at
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/stlruby/files/. Look for the file
RubyTools.pdf.


R. Mark V.
Object Computing, Inc.

Thank you very much.
But the problem doesn’t seem tobe resolved :confused:
The only thing I had to add seems to be :
%include “std_string.i”

I did so, the compilation goes well, and seems to take the file into
account.
But the effect is still exactely the same…

I tried your example, but had the following error when running the
main.rb file :

ruby: symbol lookup error: ./RubyPerson.so: undefined symbol:
_ZN6PersonC1ERKSs

I’m not sure what else to suggest. If you’d like, tar up your code and
your build script, email it to me, and I’ll try to get it to run.


R. Mark V.
Object Computing, Inc.

Thank you very much for your proposition.
For the moment, the only thing I trying to make work is the str.i, where
all the code is included, and that is displayed below.
Here is what I tried :

#------------------------------#
[[email protected] ex3]$ cat str.i
%module str

%inline %{
#include

using namespace std;

string fctBidon (const string& s)
{
string res;
res = s + " salt bidon";
return res;
}

string bidon()
{
string res = “bouh”;
return res;
}

%}

%include “std_string.i”
[[email protected] ex3]$ swig -c++ -ruby *.i
[[email protected] ex3]$ set RBDIR = /usr/lib/ruby/1.8/i386-linux/
[[email protected] ex3]$ gcc -c -fpic *_wrap.cxx -I. -I$RBDIR
[[email protected] ex3]$ gcc -shared -fpic *_wrap.o -lstdc++ -o Str.so
[[email protected] ex3]$ irb --simple-prompt

require ‘./Str.so’
LoadError: ./Str.so: undefined symbol: Init_Str - ./Str.so
from ./Str.so
from (irb):1

require ‘./Str.so’
=> false
#------------------------------#

Hope I will manage to make this work :confused:
For the moment, it doesn’t work at all, compared to my previous building
method, that used the Makefile provided in the examples directories of
the swig pack. But when building with these makefiles, I still had c++
strings recognized as “TYPE_p_string” …

On 3/20/06, killy-kun [email protected] wrote:

   string res;

%}
TypeError: in method ‘fctBidon’, argument 1 of type ‘string’
There’s an example that does this near the end of a presentation I
Thank you very much.

ruby: symbol lookup error: ./RubyPerson.so: undefined symbol:
_ZN6PersonC1ERKSs

I’m not sure what else to suggest. If you’d like, tar up your code and
your build script, email it to me, and I’ll try to get it to run.

Sorry, I made an error last time, I corrected this :
replaced “%module Str” by “%module Str” into the str.i file.

Now the require instruction works fine, but the type “error” is still
the same :

#--------------------#
[[email protected] ex3]$ swig -c++ -ruby *.i
[[email protected] ex3]$ gcc -c -fpic *_wrap.cxx -I. -I$RBDIR
[[email protected] ex3]$ gcc -shared -fpic *_wrap.o -lstdc++ -o Str.so
[[email protected] ex3]$ irb --simple-prompt

require ‘Str.so’
=> true

include Str
=> Object

bidon
=> #SWIG::TYPE_p_string:0xb7efa238
#--------------------#

Best regards,

Guillaume

I’ve attached a zip that includes working code.
To build it, enter “build.sh”. You may need to change the definition
of RBDIR in this file.
To use it from irb, enter these statements.

require ‘RubyBidon.so’
include RubyBidon
bidon
fctBidon(‘foo’)

This outputs
“bouh”
“foo salt bidon”

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