Solaris Install: Non-standard location


#1

Were I able to install at the default location,
things would be golden. Unfortunately, that’s
not an option.

My first attempt at installing failed horribly.
(Couldn’t access GetoptLong, for instance, because
the site variables are pointing to the default location.)

I’m gearing up to try again.

There seem to be two ways to do it:

  • Do things manually
  • Specify command lone options when running configure
  1. Specify command line options when running configure.
 This seems like the right way to go, but there are
 /many/ options (below). The ones I could maybe use
 are:

 --with-sitedir=DIR  site libraries in DIR
                     Default: PREFIX/lib/ruby/site_ruby

 (But I set PREFIX when I ran make last time!)

 I tried doing the build without the special instructions,
 and ran into an error when the script tried to do this:

      mkdir -p -m 755 /usr/local/lib

 That fails, here. But there is no option that looks useful.
 (list below) They all default to PREFIX/... and I set that
 on makefile command line.

OPTION 1: Do things manually

The process seems to be
a) Run configure to create config.h and the Makefile.
b) Edit config.h to set the environment variables. (??)
c) Build, specifying the destination options:
% make install prefix=/foo

I did (a) and © last time, but not (b).

The important values seem to be at the end of config.h:

#define RUBY_LIB “/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8”
#define RUBY_SITE_LIB “/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby”
#define RUBY_SITE_LIB2 “/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby/1.8”
#define RUBY_PLATFORM “sparc-solaris2.9”
#define RUBY_ARCHLIB “/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.8/sparc-solaris2.9”
#define RUBY_SITE_ARCHLIB
“/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby/1.8/sparc-solaris2.9”

Do I just set change “/usr/local/lib” to my target destination?

OPTION 2: Specify command line options when running configure

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
–bindir=DIR user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
–sbindir=DIR system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
–libexecdir=DIR program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
–datadir=DIR read-only architecture-independent data
[PREFIX/share]
–sysconfdir=DIR read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
–sharedstatedir=DIR modifiable architecture-independent data
[PREFIX/com]
–localstatedir=DIR modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
–libdir=DIR object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
–includedir=DIR C header files [PREFIX/include]
–oldincludedir=DIR C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
–infodir=DIR info documentation [PREFIX/info]
–mandir=DIR man documentation [PREFIX/man]

Program names:
–program-prefix=PREFIX prepend PREFIX to installed program names
–program-suffix=SUFFIX append SUFFIX to installed program names
–program-transform-name=PROGRAM
run sed PROGRAM on installed program
names

System types:
–build=BUILD configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
–host=HOST cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST
[BUILD]
–target=TARGET configure for building compilers for TARGET [HOST]

Optional Features:
–disable-FEATURE do not include FEATURE
(same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
–enable-FEATURE[=ARG] include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
–enable-frame-address use GCC __builtin_frame_address().
–disable-largefile omit support for large files
–enable-pthread use pthread library.
–enable-setreuid use setreuid()/setregid() according to need
even if obsolete.
–disable-rpath embed run path into extension libraries.
–enable-shared build a shared library for Ruby.
–enable-install-doc build and install rdoc indexes during install

Optional Packages:
–with-PACKAGE[=ARG] use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
–without-PACKAGE do not use PACKAGE (same as
–with-PACKAGE=no)
–without-gcc never use gcc
–with-default-kcode=CODE specify default value for $KCODE
(utf8|euc|sjis|none)
–with-dln-a-out use dln_a_out if possible
–with-static-linked-ext link external modules statically
–with-sitedir=DIR site libraries in DIR
PREFIX/lib/ruby/site_ruby
–with-search-path=DIR specify the additional search path
–with-mantype=TYPE specify man page type; TYPE is one of man and doc

Some influential environment variables:
CC C compiler command
CFLAGS C compiler flags
LDFLAGS linker flags, e.g. -L if you have libraries in a
nonstandard directory
CPPFLAGS C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I if you
have
headers in a nonstandard directory
CPP C preprocessor


#2

Eric A. wrote:

Were I able to install at the default location,
things would be golden. Unfortunately, that’s
not an option.

make distclean
./configure --prefix=/wherever/you/want
make
make install

Add /wherever/you/want to your $PATH.

That should work.

Regards,

Dan


#3

On Sat, 13 May 2006, Daniel B. wrote:

Add /wherever/you/want to your $PATH.
don’t forget to do both both of these before compiling

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/whenever/you/want/lib
LD_RUN_PATH=/whenever/you/want/lib # this one most important!

if you do this all the stuff you compile it will inter-operate nicely -
eg
ruby extensions. also, other users will be able to use your ruby
without
having their LD_LIBRARY_PATH set - they’ll only require PATH.

regards.

-a


#4

removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/wherever/you/want/lib
LD_RUN_PATH=/wherever/you/want/lib # this one most important!

if you do this all the stuff you compile it will inter-operate nicely - eg
ruby extensions. also, other users will be able to use your ruby without
having their LD_LIBRARY_PATH set - they’ll only require PATH.

I don’t see these settings in config.h or the Makefile,
so they must be environment settings?

But if they’re environment settings, the targets they’e
pointing to don’t exist yet.

What am I missing?


#5

Thanks, Dan!


#6

Many, many thanks for the help, folks.
I’m beginning to find my way around.
Now then…

Daniel B. wrote:

Eric A. needed:

make distclean
./configure --prefix=/wherever/you/want
make
make install

Add /wherever/you/want to your $PATH.

Aha. I need to specify --prefix in the configure
step. Didn’t see that bit of information anywhere.

The default make target in the next step is “all”,
which really means “build without installing”.

But I’m not sure how to read the install target.
I see this in the makefile:

install: install-nodoc $(RDOCTARGET)
install-all: install-nodoc install-doc

Install-all sounds like the one I want to get the
documentation. But install seems to be doing
something similar.

But when I took a deeper look I found that RDOCTARGET
defaults to null, and it’s not used anywhere else in the
makefile. So it looks like:

  • RDOCSTARGET and the reference to it should be
    removed from the Makefile

  • install-all is the target I want

Is that about right?