Single Table Inheritance


#1

I am trying to implement single table inheritance according to the
example in Agile Web D. with Rails.

I have set up my model like this:

class Entry < ActiveRecord::Base
belongs_to :customer
belongs_to :ticket
belongs_to :employee
has_many :attachments

validates_presence_of :body
end

class IncomingPost < Entry
end

class OutgoingPost < Entry
end

class PrivatePost < Entry
end

class IncomingCall < Entry
end

class OutgoingCall < Entry
end

I can’t instantiate any of the subclasses. If I load the console here
is what I get:

o = OutgoingPost.new
NameError: uninitialized constant OutgoingPost
from C:/Users/errol.SERENGETI/InstantRails/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/
1.8/gems/a
ctivesupport-1.4.2/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:266:in
load_missing_const ant' from C:/Users/errol.SERENGETI/InstantRails/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/ 1.8/gems/a ctivesupport-1.4.2/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:452:inconst_missing’
from C:/Users/errol.SERENGETI/InstantRails/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/
1.8/gems/a
ctivesupport-1.4.2/lib/active_support/dependencies.rb:464:in
`const_missing’
from (irb):1

It only works if I do something (anything) involving the base Entry
class (even if it fails). For example, from the console:

Entry.find(nil)
ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound: Couldn’t find Entry without an ID
from C:/Users/errol.SERENGETI/InstantRails/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/
1.8/gems/a
ctiverecord-1.15.3/lib/active_record/base.rb:1012:in find_from_ids' from C:/Users/errol.SERENGETI/InstantRails/ruby/lib/ruby/gems/ 1.8/gems/a ctiverecord-1.15.3/lib/active_record/base.rb:419:infind’
from (irb):1

o = OutgoingPost.new
=> #<OutgoingPost:0x55b363c @attributes={“body”=>nil,
“type”=>“OutgoingPost”, “e
mployee_id”=>nil, “customer_id”=>nil, “ticket_id”=>nil,
“created_at”=>nil}, @new
_record=true>

This seems like a pretty messy way to do things. Has anybody else
experienced this?


#2

Serengeti wrote:

end

o = OutgoingPost.new
NameError: uninitialized constant OutgoingPost

You have to put the subclasses in separate files in the models
directory: outgoing_call.rb, etc.


We develop, watch us RoR, in numbers too big to ignore.


#3

Thanks – that did it.