Signal to noise ratio and multiply const

Hi all,

I have simulated ofdm transmitter with 200kbps in grc. Without function
multiply const I got a very bad spectrum mask of the transmiitter. If I
insert the block multiply const with the 0.05 the spectrum mask and SNR
will be much better (see attached pictures). How can I explain it? The
dynamic range of the ofdm signal will be reduced if I insert the
multiply const? That could be better for the amplifier (PAPR reducing)?
Thanks
A. Baier

Thank you very much!

Am 30.10.2013 13:38, schrieb Martin B. (CEL):

On Wed, Oct 30, 2013 at 01:18:53PM +0100, Baier wrote:

Hi all,

I have simulated ofdm transmitter with 200kbps in grc. Without
function multiply const I got a very bad spectrum mask of the
transmiitter. If I insert the block multiply const with the 0.05 the
spectrum mask and SNR will be much better (see attached pictures).
How can I explain it? The dynamic range of the ofdm signal will be
reduced if I insert the multiply const? That could be better for the
amplifier (PAPR reducing)?
Thanks

Hi AB,

PAPR is part of the reason. Without such a multiplier, your signal
clips.

In gr-digital/examples/ofdm/tx_ofdm.grc you will find such a multiplier
and a scope sink (this example was recently updated, you should pull it
from current master). Use the scope sink to make sure your amplitude
stays smaller than 1.0 (lots smaller!).

This does mean you’re not using all the bits of the D/A converter (I
guess that’s what you mean with dynamic range reduction), but you don’t
need them all to produce a clean OFDM signal. On the contrary, you want
to stay away from saturating the D/A range in order to avoid signal
distortions.

As for your comment on SNR: When clipping, you’re increasing the
out-of-band emissions. Technically, that’s a kind of SNR but it’s not
what people usually think of.

MB

PS: If you have a copy of Kammeyer’s book, he explains it quite well.


Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Communications Engineering Lab (CEL)

Dipl.-Ing. Martin B.
Research Associate

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Building 05.01
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Phone: +49 721 608-43790
Fax: +49 721 608-46071
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KIT – University of the State of Baden-Württemberg and
National Laboratory of the Helmholtz Association

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