Self referential Models

If I have a Person model, and every person has a parent, that is in
fact another person, can I still use the belongs_to and has_many
methods?

A simple database migration might look like this

  t.column :name, :string
  t.column :parent, :integer

So every person only has a name and some people have parents.

I have written some methods that find a person’s parent and children:

class Person < ActiveRecord::Base
def find_children
Person.find_all_by_parent(self.id)
end

def find_parent
Person.find_by_id(self.parent)
end
end

These seem to work fine, but I was wondering if there was a neater way
to do this?

Thanks,

DAZ

if you don’t need multiple parents per child (i.e, a parent has a lot of
kids, and each kid has one parent) then this should be perfect for you:

http://api.rubyonrails.com/classes/ActiveRecord/Acts/Tree/ClassMethods.html#M000662

no need for two tables; it is self-referential in the sense that it
points back to the same table (=model) via a parent_id column.

some other good pointers while you’re at it:

acts_as_tree (the above link)
acts_as_nested_set (for getting a whole bunch of kids in one query,
instead of recursive calls)

this is a real self-referential model usage;
http://blog.hasmanythrough.com/2006/4/21/self-referential-through :

just general knowledge, the best place to use this is for friendships
(where X can be a friend of Y, without Y being a friend of X, as they
are all “friends”)

anyway… i hope the above helps.
good luck digging :slight_smile:

Thanks for this Shai,

acts_as_tree is exactly what I was looking for. I might also use
acts_as_list also.

Thanks for the other links too … I’m sure they will make some
interesting and useful reading.

DAZ

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