Ruby-dev summary 28274-28333

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[ruby-dev:28290] [Oniguruma] Version 4.0.0

K.Kosako released the new version of Oniguruma. Matz imported
the source into Ruby CVS repository.

The release has fixes for bug in handling comments in regexp,
invalid error when compiling recursive regexp patterns, and
optimization for regexps beginning with “.*”.

[ruby-dev:28296] packing small Struct

Tanaka A. posted a patch for allocating small Struct
objects with less memory consumption. It is useful for structs
which has less than 3 elements in it, like cons cells. The
patch packs the elements into the RStruct object itself like
this patch for ruby.h:

struct RStruct {
struct RBasic basic;

  • long len;
  • VALUE *ptr;
  • union {
  • struct {
  •   long len;
  •   VALUE *ptr;
  • } heap;
  • } as;
    +#define RSTRUCT_LEN(st) \
  • ((RBASIC(st)->flags & RSTRUCT_EMBED_LEN_MASK) ? \
  • (RBASIC(st)->flags >> RSTRUCT_EMBED_LEN_SHIFT) & 3 : \
  • RSTRUCT(st)->as.heap.len)

+#define RSTRUCT_PTR(st) \

  • ((RBASIC(st)->flags & RSTRUCT_EMBED_LEN_MASK) ? \
  • RSTRUCT(st)->as.ary : \
  • RSTRUCT(st)->as.heap.ptr)

Tanaka said that the patch makes us to change all codes using
“RSTRUCT(obj)->ptr” or “RSTRUCT(obj)->len” to use the macros
above. But it was not so difficult because the change is simple,
and it will be replaced automatically by editor or tools. Also,
compiler can detect all unchanged codes. Hidetoshi Nagai agreed
to change Ruby/Tk codes to fit the macros.
At the end of the post, He added that the idea may be applicable
for RString and RArray.

Matz accepted the patch and said that he have a similar idea for
Values and other objects shorter than 11 bytes(12 bytes - NUL
terminator). Tanaka-san showed us a profile for the length of
String objects in Ruby interpreter at startup. According to
reply from Matz, number of shorter objects seems to be increased
when loading other libraries, rexml for example.

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