Remove some parameters from $args

Hello,
I’m using memcached + srcache. I need to modify the $args and
take it as the cache key.

For example;

RT=62&SID=BC3781C3-2E02-4A11-89CF-34E5CFE8B0EF&UID=44332&L=EN&M=1&H=1&UNC=0&SRC=LK

I need to convert above $args string to below by removing parameters SID
and
UID.

RT=62&L=EN&M=1&H=1&UNC=0&SRC=LK

How can I do this ?

Posted at Nginx Forum:
http://forum.nginx.org/read.php?2,243462,243462#msg-243462

Works like a charm. Thank you very much Yichun.

Posted at Nginx Forum:
http://forum.nginx.org/read.php?2,243462,243472#msg-243472

Hello!

On Sun, Oct 6, 2013 at 3:59 AM, lahiru wrote:

Hello,
I’m using memcached + srcache. I need to modify the $args and
take it as the cache key.

Easy if you’re using the ngx_lua module at the same time. Below is a
minimal example that demonstrates this:

location = /t {
    rewrite_by_lua '
        local args = ngx.req.get_uri_args()
        args.SID = nil
        args.UID = nil
        ngx.req.set_uri_args(args)
    ';

    echo $args;
}

Here we use the “echo” directive from the ngx_echo module to dump out
the final value of $args in the end. You can replace it with your
ngx_srcache configurations and upstream configurations instead for
your case. Let’s test this /t interface with curl:

$ curl 

‘localhost:8081/t?RT=62&SID=BC3781C3-2E02-4A11-89CF-34E5CFE8B0EF&UID=44332&L=EN&M=1&H=1&UNC=0&SRC=LK’
M=1&UNC=0&RT=62&H=1&L=EN&SRC=LK

Please see the related parts of the ngx_lua documentation for more
details:

http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpLuaModule#ngx.req.get_uri_args
http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpLuaModule#ngx.req.set_uri_args

It’s worth mentioning that, if you want to retain the order of the URI
arguments, then you can do string substitutions on the value of $args
directly, for example,

location = /t {
    rewrite_by_lua '
        local args = ngx.var.args
        newargs, n, err = ngx.re.gsub(args, [[\b[SU]ID=[^&]*&?]], 

“”, “jo”)
if n and n > 0 then
ngx.var.args = newargs
end
';

    echo $args;
}

Now test it with the original curl command again, we get exactly what
you expected:

RT=62&L=EN&M=1&H=1&UNC=0&SRC=LK

But for caching purposes, it’s good to normalize the URI argument
order so that you can increase the cache hit rate. And the hash table
entry order used by LuaJIT or Lua can be used to normalize the order
as a nice side effect :slight_smile:

Best regards,
-agentzh

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