Referring to Hash and Array Elements

Hi All,

I am a beginner to Ruby. Currently I am working with Hashes and Arrays.

I have a loop where the code saves several objects into a Hash.
Everytime the loop is run the objects in the Hash are overwritten,
therefore I append the objects into an Array so that data is not lost.

#begining of loop ommitted

            trainHash = {}
            trainHash['order'] = tubeOrder
            trainHash['destination'] = destination
            trainHash['currentLocation'] = currentLocation
            trainHash['dueIn'] = dueInMinsValue
            #trainHash['dueintimestamp'] = dueInTimestamp.to_s

            trainArray << trainHash
         end

From what I have read so far, Arrays are indexed by an integer with
indexing starting at ‘0’.

So for example, if the above loop was run twice; the number of objects
in the trainArray would be two and referred using [0] for the first
object and [1] for the second object.

My question is, is it possible to refer the elements as they were stored
in the Hash? For example, I want the code to return the value of the
‘order’ field in the second object in the trainArray.

If not, is it possible to dynamically generate a key for the hash
everytime the loop is run so that the objects are not overwritten in the
hash?

I would sincerely appreciate any help.

Saeed.

2010/2/24 Saeed B. [email protected]:

           trainHash = {}

indexing starting at ‘0’.

So for example, if the above loop was run twice; the number of objects
in the trainArray would be two and referred using [0] for the first
object and [1] for the second object.

My question is, is it possible to refer the elements as they were stored
in the Hash?

I am not sure I understand that question.

For example, I want the code to return the value of the
‘order’ field in the second object in the trainArray.

Like this?

second_order = train_array[1][‘order’]

If not, is it possible to dynamically generate a key for the hash
everytime the loop is run so that the objects are not overwritten in the
hash?

Yes, of course. There are also other options. It depends how you
want to further process the data. To me it looks like all values in
the Hash belong to a single record. In this case I would stick with
the two level approach, i.e. have an Array of records (Hashes or other
types).

If you just want to collect all individual values per key, you can use
Arrays as Hash values, e.g.

train_hash = Hash.new {|h,k| h[k] = []}

loop

           train_hash['order'] << tube_order
           train_hash['destination'] << destination
           train_hash['currentLocation'] << current_location
           train_hash['dueIn'] << due_in_mins_value
           #train_hash['dueintimestamp'] << due_in_timestamp.to_s

end loop

Btw, I changed names to match the usual convention in Ruby.

Kind regards

robert

For example, I want the code to return the value of the
‘order’ field in the second object in the trainArray.

Like this?

second_order = train_array[1][‘order’]

Awesome! This is the syntax that I needed, thanks Robert.

On Wed, Feb 24, 2010 at 6:12 AM, Saeed B. [email protected]
wrote:

           trainHash = {}

indexing starting at ‘0’.

So for example, if the above loop was run twice; the number of objects
in the trainArray would be two and referred using [0] for the first
object and [1] for the second object.

My question is, is it possible to refer the elements as they were stored
in the Hash? For example, I want the code to return the value of the
‘order’ field in the second object in the trainArray.

Robert already answered this question. I’d like to point out that
your code for building the hashes inserted into the array could be
simplified:

#begining of loop ommitted

 trainArray <<  { 'order' => tubeOrder,  'destination' =>

destination, ‘currentLocation’ => currentLocation,
‘dueIn’ => dueInMinsValue,
‘dueintimestamp’ => dueInTimestamp.to_s}

end


Rick DeNatale

Blog: http://talklikeaduck.denhaven2.com/
Twitter: http://twitter.com/RickDeNatale
WWR: http://www.workingwithrails.com/person/9021-rick-denatale
LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/rickdenatale

This forum is not affiliated to the Ruby language, Ruby on Rails framework, nor any Ruby applications discussed here.

| Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | Remote Ruby Jobs