Read individual words from input?

Hello folks,

I’m a semi-newbie C++ programmer and a total newbie Ruby programmer, so
please bear with my incompetence.

In C++, as I’m sure most of you know, it’s possible to read individual
“words” into string variables by using the stream extraction operator.
This operator automatically excludes any and all whitespace from the
value it places into the string variable–that is, in the process of
reading the next piece of input, it skips any leading whitespace, and
stops upon encountering any following whitespace.

I’m struggling to find an equivalent to this in Ruby. I’d like to open a
text file and create from it an array each of whose values is an
individual “word,” sans whitespace.

For example, given a string along the lines of " \n\tHello \n \t My
\t\t\t\nName \t\n Is \n John", how can I cleanly extract the strings
“Hello”, “My”, “Name”, “Is”, and “John”?

Again, sorry for asking such a stupid question–just trying to get a
handle on what seems to be an awesome language.

Thanks for any help,
Keriostar

Hi,

Use String#split, which by default splits on whitespace. It returns the
substrings in an Array:

irb(main):001:0> " \n\tHello \n \t My \t\t\t\nName \t\n Is \n
John".split
=> [“Hello”, “My”, “Name”, “Is”, “John”]

Regards,
R.

2007/6/23, Kerio S. [email protected]:

On 6/23/07, Kerio S. [email protected] wrote:

reading the next piece of input, it skips any leading whitespace, and
Again, sorry for asking such a stupid question–just trying to get a
handle on what seems to be an awesome language.

Thanks for any help,
Keriostar

Hi. Without any file checking for existing files etc. You can use the
read
method of file. By calling this in a block it also closes the file for
you.

words = File.open( “404.html” ){ |f| f.read.split }

Hi –

On Sat, 23 Jun 2007, Daniel N wrote:

value it places into the string variable–that is, in the process of

words = File.open( “404.html” ){ |f| f.read.split }
You can also use the class method:

words = File.read(“words.txt”).split

David

Kerio S. wrote:

Hello folks,

I’m a semi-newbie C++ programmer and a total newbie Ruby programmer, so
please bear with my incompetence.

In C++, as I’m sure most of you know, it’s possible to read individual
“words” into string variables by using the stream extraction operator.
This operator automatically excludes any and all whitespace from the
value it places into the string variable–that is, in the process of
reading the next piece of input, it skips any leading whitespace, and
stops upon encountering any following whitespace.

I’m struggling to find an equivalent to this in Ruby. I’d like to open a
text file and create from it an array each of whose values is an
individual “word,” sans whitespace.

For example, given a string along the lines of " \n\tHello \n \t My
\t\t\t\nName \t\n Is \n John", how can I cleanly extract the strings
“Hello”, “My”, “Name”, “Is”, and “John”?

Again, sorry for asking such a stupid question–just trying to get a
handle on what seems to be an awesome language.

Thanks for any help,
Keriostar

Alternative if you want to avoid having interpunctuation and other stuff
in your words:
words = string.scan(/\w+/)

Regards
Stefan

This forum is not affiliated to the Ruby language, Ruby on Rails framework, nor any Ruby applications discussed here.

| Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | Remote Ruby Jobs