Pulling out a specfic feild from a line

Hey guys

Ive been looking for awhile now today trying to find a decent example of
this and im really fustrated with it now.
I need to get a specfic section of a line.
lets sat this is the line

example 1 example 2 example 3

I want to get the third section "example 3"so i need to use tab as the
sperater any suggestions?

Even a pointer to a section in the API that might help me would be
usefull

regards
Loftz

Sorry about the spelling btw

Peter L. wrote:

lets sat this is the line

example 1 example 2 example 3

I want to get the third section "example 3"so i need to use tab as the
sperater any suggestions?

“example 1\texample 2\texample 3”.split("\t")[2]

HTH,
Sebastian

ok but lets say im looping through an array full of different lengths
and layouts of strings for instance

example example example
exmaple/dfsd/asdf/ asdfasdf
example 1 example2 example 3
laskdjflkasdjfkl

im looking to see if the that third string on line 3 is actually there
so passing very line into array and then checking each line

arr = Array.new
i = 0
File.foreach(example.txt) do |line|
arr[i] = line
i += 1
end
arr.each do |item|
if (arr.to_s.split("\t")[2] = “example 3”)
puts “found it”
end

Peter L. wrote:

arr = Array.new
i = 0
File.foreach(example.txt) do |line|
  arr[i] = line
  i += 1
end

arr = File.readlines(“example.txt”)
Does the same as the code above, but is far more compact.

arr.each do |item|
if (arr.to_s.split("\t")[2] = “example 3”)
 puts “found it”
end
arr.to_s will give you the whole content of the file. You want to use
item.

arr.map! {|line| line.split("\t")[2]}
arr.each_with_index do |field, i|
if field
puts “Found field #{field} in line #{i}”
else
puts “No third field in line #{i}”
end
end

HTH,
Sebastian

2007/12/13, Peter L. [email protected]:

arr = Array.new
i = 0
File.foreach(example.txt) do |line|
arr[i] = line
i += 1
end
arr.each do |item|
if (arr.to_s.split("\t")[2] = “example 3”)

You have an assignment here which is not what you want here.

puts “found it”
end

This is a very inefficient way of doing things. You don’t need to
store the whole file in an array if you are just interested in the
presence test. Btw, you can even do this:

ruby -anF\t -e ‘if $F[2] == “example 3”; puts “found”; exit 0; end;
END{ raise “not found”}’ your_file

But then you’d probably use (g)awk anyway. :slight_smile:

So, going back to Ruby:

File.foreach “file.txt” do |line|
if line.chomp.split(/\t/)[2] == “example 3”
puts “found”
break # or: return or exit
end
end

Probably a bit more efficient:

File.foreach “file.txt” do |line|
if /^(?:[^\t]*\t){2}example 3\t/ =~ line
puts “found”
break # or: return or exit
end
end

Kind regards

robert

arr.map! {|line| line.split("\t")[2]}
arr.each_with_index do |field, i|
if field
puts “Found field #{field} in line #{i}”
else
puts “No third field in line #{i}”
end
end

thanks alot!

if i want to check that fields value how do i check it like it prints it
out to the screen but i want to use something like this

if field = “example 3”
puts “Found field #{field} in line #{i}”
end
but its still just spitting out each line

I dont want to print each line that has a third field just the specic
one

I got it

flag = "FALSE"
arr = File.readlines(var1)
arr.map! {|line| line.split("\t")[2]}
arr.each_with_index do |line, i|
  if /#{var2}/ =~ line
  flag = "TRUE"
 end
  end
  if (flag == "TRUE")
puts "SUCCESS: This file " +var1 + " does contain the line"
  end
  if (flag == "FALSE")
puts "ERROR: This file " +var1 + " does not contain the line"
  end

thanks for the help

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