Proxy_cache not serving file from edge server!

We’ve an origin and edge server with nginx-1.6 . Origin
in U.S) is configured with nginx_geo_module and edge(Local ISP) is
configured with proxy_cache in order to cache files from origin server
serve from their lately. We’re using following method for caching with
proxy_cache :-

  1. client ( sends mp4 request to origin webserver and geo_module
    origin checks, if the ip is then pass that client to the edge
    server using proxy_pass.

  2. Edge, checks if the file is in proxy_cache than it should serve the
    locally and if file is not in proxy_cache, it’ll pass back the request
    origin server and client will be served from origin server as well as
    requested file will also be cached in local server, so next time the
    will not have to pass request again to origin server and serve the same
    file via locally.

But, looks like our caching is not working as expected. Our ISP is
complaining that, whenever edge server serves the file, instead of
that file to local client ( it serves the file back to origin
server(U.S) and all outgoing bandwidth is going back to U.S instead of
local clients (Offcourse bandwidth not being saved).

So i want to ask, if the origin server is passing request to edge
the cached file must be served locally but the request going back to the
origin server even the cache status: HIT. Following are my configs :-


geo $TW {
default 0; 1;


server {
listen 80;
location / {
root /var/www/html/files;
index index.html index.htm index.php;


location ~ .(mp4|jpg)$ {

            proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
            proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For 

proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
if ($TW) {
root /var/www/html/files;

            expires 7d;
    valid_referers none blocked * 

*. * * * *;
if ($invalid_referer) {
return 403;

pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on

    location ~ \.php$ {
        root /var/www/html/files;
       fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME

include fastcgi_params;

    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny  all;



#proxy_ignore_headers “Set-Cookie”;
proxy_cache_path /data/nginx/cache levels=1:2 keys_zone=static:100m
loader_threshold=200 loader_files=500

server {

    listen       80;
    root /var/www/html/files;
    location ~ \.(mp4|jpeg|jpg)$ {
           root   /var/www/html/files;
            try_files $uri @getfrom_origin;


    location @getfrom_origin {

proxy_cache_valid 200 302 60m;

    proxy_cache_valid  15d;
    proxy_cache static;
    proxy_cache_min_uses 1;


Help will be highly appreciated.

Our caching method is :-

client ----> origin —> edge.

On Tue, Jul 1, 2014 at 4:57 PM, shahzaib shahzaib
[email protected]

shahzaib1232 Wrote:

Our caching method is :-

client ----> origin —> edge.

This is not going to work as expected, you need client ----> edge —>

Where edge proxy-passes to origin when file is not in cache.

Posted at Nginx Forum:,251374,251384#msg-251384

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