Problems with oniguruma lookahead

Ruby 1.8.6 with Oniguruama installed and working (everywhere else, this
seems to be my problem).

Let me preface this by saying that I am new to Ruby (and kinda jumped
in, rather than learning it properly), and regexes are not my thing -
that why I have nifty regex-checkers.

I am trying to extract some parts out of a string
("

‘Algebra’
") that I scraped from some html. I’m getting
nil returned from the expression:

Oniguruma::ORegexp.new("(?<=

’).*(?=’
)").scan(scraped_html)

with scraped_html being the string mentioned above.

Doing some experimenting, I have found that the first part works just as
planned (eg, everything except the lookahead). Using wildcards (. and
*) works as well:

Oniguruma::ORegexp.new("(?<=

’).*(?=.)").scan(scraped_html)

returns [#<MatchData “Foo’<br”>, #<MatchData “Bar’<br”>], as
expected. However, anything else (<, b, \w, etc.) causes the regex to
not match.

I am quite befuddled about this, though I (almost certainly) know it is
my fault. Any help would be much appreciated.

Also, if I am violating any mailing-list netiquette, I would like to
know as well.

2008/9/10 Xiong C. [email protected]:

returns [#<MatchData “Foo’<br”>, #<MatchData “Bar’<br”>], as
expected. However, anything else (<, b, \w, etc.) causes the regex to
not match.

I am quite befuddled about this, though I (almost certainly) know it is
my fault. Any help would be much appreciated.

With 1.9:

irb(main):001:0> s="

‘Algebra’
"
=> “

‘Algebra’

irb(main):002:0> s.scan %r{(?<=

’).(?=’
)}
=> []
irb(main):003:0> s.scan %r{(?<=

’).?(?=’
)}
=> [“Algebra”]

Note the non greedy match. I usually rather do this in those cases:

irb(main):005:0> s.scan %r{

’(.*?)’
}
=> [[“Algebra”]]

I.e. use groups to extract the part that I am interested in.

Kind regards

robert

Robert K. wrote:

With 1.9:

irb(main):001:0> s="

‘Algebra’
"
=> “

‘Algebra’

irb(main):002:0> s.scan %r{(?<=

’).(?=’
)}
=> []
irb(main):003:0> s.scan %r{(?<=

’).?(?=’
)}
=> [“Algebra”]

Note the non greedy match. I usually rather do this in those cases:

irb(main):005:0> s.scan %r{

’(.*?)’
}
=> [[“Algebra”]]

I.e. use groups to extract the part that I am interested in.

Kind regards

robert

Ah, thank you very much. My regex learning was with PHP (PCRE, not
POSIX), which has some odd rules, especially regarding
greedy/non-greedy, so I’m still trying to recover from that.

Thanks again.

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