In most cases the problem comes from ALSA. If you’re able to change ALSA
something else, try to change it.
If you can’t change your default sound driver then you may try using
“-Dplug:default” option for aplay. If you need to use this option with a
Python script you may use it like " -c plug:default".
This was my only solution when I tried running rtl_fm on Raspberry
default audio driver of Raspberry is ALSA and not possible to change
(everything else like Jack, Pulseaudio etc. can’t be a solution because
of them run over ALSA, ALSA always remains at the bottom, so the problem
I hope this helps.
From: Chuck R. [via GnuRadio]
Sent: Sunday, April 06, 2014 4:10 AM
To: Murat TA1DB
Subject: Occasional choppiness/underruns (aUaU) with FCDPP->GRC->Pulse
Hello list, I need some help.
When running GRC 3.6.1 I am getting a problem with occasional choppiness
my audio output. Details:
The choppiness sounds like only part of the buffer is filling, similar
the sound you get when a filmstrip’s playback gets unstable and you get
The issue usually does not immediately occur however occurs a few
Sometimes computer activity such as un-minimizing a window will
the problem. Sometimes the same will fix it.
Input is Funcube Dongle Pro+ 192khz on alsa hw:3
Occurs regardless of using FCDPP+ Block or the Audio Input block.
Output is pulse, originally set to 192khz (pulse resamples it),
down to native 48khz and used Rational Resampler block to bring the 192
- Did not resolve, however the issue occurred less often. (still
Turned on Realtime Scheduling and then adapted the JACK instructions
enabling system realtime scheduling permissions
(http://jackaudio.org/linux_rt_config). Afterward confirmed the python
process to have a nice of -30 which is realtime. Issue did not resolve
again, it happened less often. (still intolerable)
Occurs regardless of graph complexity. Simple in->out arrangement will
Sometimes you can hear it get worse as time goes by, and sometimes it
just as randomly fix itself, only to occur again later.
I am using pulse as my audio output.
When the issue occurs, the console output in GRC fills rapidly with
When the issue occurs, looking into pavucontrol playback tab shows
plug-in [python 2.7]” entry flickering rapidly, as if it is resetting
connection over and over in an unreasonable manner.
When the issue occurs, the realtime python process on core 2 shows no
change in core usage, however the non-realtime gnuradio-companion
also on core 2, spikes from its usual 0.9% usage to 93%. The only way I
see a high-priority process being pushed out by a low-priority process
the high-priority process is waiting on the low-priority process for
operation to complete (this is a DSP no-no).
When the issue occurs, pulseaudio’s verbose log fills rapidly.
a snippet of what repeatedly fills the log.
There is chatter about similar underrun issues with mozilla and pulse.
However the fixes appear to be occurring in mozilla only so there wasn’t
much help from that.
When attempting to specify ‘pulse’ as signal input in GRC and then
FCDPP as its input in pavucontrol, GRC gives silence and a stream of
Xubuntu 13.10 AMD64.
There was a similar issue posted earlier however it was different in
in the sense that the underruns occurred immediately instead of on
implying a consistent sample rate mismatch.
It is reasonable to rule out sample-rate mismatch in my case as the
occurs only on occasion and sometimes fixes on its own, a mismatch would
expected to immediately fail. It would be mathematically impossible for
mismatched sample rate to cause such cascading underruns after minutes
proper functioning except for clock drift, which would be expected to be
solved with a single buffer reset (a slight “blip”). This is not what is
happening. It is thousands of consecutive blips after a while of proper
Thanks for reading. Log dump attached.
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