Nkf $B$N(B CP932

[email protected]@%$5$s!“3’$5$s!”$3$s$K$A$O!#e(B

CP932 e$B$N<~$j$NJ8;z%3!<%IJQ49$r8!F$$7$?$H$3$m$G!“e(B
http://nkf.sourceforge.jp/ucm/cp932.ucm
e$B$r%Y!<%9$K$7$?$$$H;W$$$^$7$?$,!“e(B
e$B$$$/[email protected]$,$”$j$^$9!#$40U8+!&%”%I%P%$%9$r$*4j$$$7$^$9!#e(B

  1. Private Use Area e$B$N;HMQe(B:
    \xF0\x40 |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
    e$B$+$ie(B
    \xF9\xFC |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
    e$B$^$G$Ke(B 7778e$B9TL$+$ie(B 9657e$B9TL$^$G$Ke(B e$B7We(B
    1880e$B8D$"$j$^$9!#e(B
    e$B$3$l$O2<<j$9$k$H%4%$r$P$i$^$/[email protected]$1$J$N$G!";$a$?$$$H;W$C$F$$$^$9!#e(B

  2. e$B40A4$K%G!<%?$r<:$&e(B fallbacke$B!#Nc$($Pe(B
    \x21 |1 # INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK e$B$H$+e(B
    \x41 |1 # LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH GRAVE
    e$B$N$h$&$K!“J8;z$,[email protected]$i$+$K0c$&$N$K!“e(Bfallback mapping e$B$re(B
    e$B9T$C$F$$$k$H$3$m$O;_$a$?$$$H;W$C$F$$$^$9$,!”$I$&$G$7$g$&$+!#e(B
    (e$B$=$b$>$b$3$l$OB?J,e(B Microsoft e$B$N$”$ke(B API
    e$B$N$"$k;H$$J}$K$h$C$F!"e(B
    fallback e$BIU$-$N%G!<%?$K$J$C$F$7$^$C$?$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B)
    (fallback
    e$B$OKtJLES$K?’!99M$($i$l$k$H;W$$$^$9$,!"C1$J$kJ8;z%3!<%IJQ49e(B
    e$B$H$OJL$K9M$($?J}$,$$$$$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B)
    [email protected],$+$j$^$;$s$,!“B?J,e(B
    http://nkf.sourceforge.jp/ucm/SJIS-nkf.ucm
    e$B$HF1$8$0$i$$$Ne(B |1 e$B$N%1!<%9$,$N$3$k$+$H;W$$$^$9e(B
    (e$B<g$Ke(B SJIS e$B7O$G;veA43Q$He(B
    e$BH>3Q$,$”$k$N$Ke(B Unicode
    e$B$K$=$N6hJL$,$J$$>/[email protected]$1e(B)e$B!#e(B

  3. e$B:G=i$N%P%$%H$,e(B ED/EE e$B$He(B FA/FB/FC
    e$B$H%@%V$C$F$$$k$b$N$,$:$$$V$sB?$$$,!“e(B
    e$B$3$l$Oe(B
    http://www.microsoft.com/globaldev/reference/dbcs/932.mspx
    e$B$K$b$=$N$^$^:$C$F$$$k$N$G;D$7$F$*$3$&$+$J$H;W$$$^$9!#Nce(B:
    \xFC\x47 |0 # CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH
    \xEE\xE8 |3 # CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH
    e$B0l2se(B UTF-8 e$B$H$+$KJQ49$9$k$H7k2L$H$7$Fe(B FA/FB/FC
    e$B$NJ}$,;D$j$^$9!#e(B
    e$B6K$a$F>/?t$G$9$,!“e(B
    \x87\x82 |0 # NUMERO SIGN
    \xFA\x59 |3 # NUMERO SIGN
    e$B8+$?$$$Ke(B 87 e$B$He(B FA e$B$K$”$k$b$N$b$”$j$^$9!#$3$N>l9g$Ke(B
    87 e$B$,M%@h$5$l$^$9!#e(B
    [e$B$b$C$H$R$I$$$H$7$F!“e(B
    \x81\xE6 |0 # BECAUSE
    \x87\x9A |3 # BECAUSE
    \xFA\x5B |3 # BECAUSE e$B$N%1!<%9$b$”$j$^$9!#e(B]

e$BB>$K$$$$%"%I%P%$%9$,$"[email protected]'Hs$*4j$$$7$^$9!#e(B Martin.

#-#-# Martin J. Du"rst, Assoc. Professor, Aoyama Gakuin University
#-#-# http://www.sw.it.aoyama.ac.jp mailto:[email protected]

[email protected]@%$G$9!#e(B

e$B$A$J$_$K!“e(Bnkf e$B$Ne(B CP932 e$B$O!“e(B
http://demo.icu-project.org/icu-bin/convexp?conv=ibm-942_P12A-1999&s=ALL
http://bugs.icu-project.org/trac/browser/data/trunk/charset/data/ucm/windows-932-2000.ucm
e$B$3$NJU$H$bF1$8!<!”$H$$$&$+!“e(BWindows
e$B$N<BAu$N$^$^$J$N$G!”$”$^$jH=CG$NM>COe(B
e$B$O$J$$5$$b$7$^$9!#e(B

e$B$;$$$<$$!"!Ve(BJIX0208.TXTe$B!W$NI=$rMQ$$$k$H!"e(BShift_JIS e$B$Ne(B
0x8160 e$B$,e(B U+301C
e$B$K$J$k$N$G!Je(BWindows-31J [email protected]$He(B U+FF5Ee$B!K!"e(BU+301C ->
0x8160 e$B$Ne(B |1 e$B%^%C%T%s%0e(B
e$B$rMQ0U$9$k$H$+DxEY$8$c$J$$$G$9$+$M$’!#e(B

e$B$I$A$i$+$H$$$&$H!"H=CG$,I,MW$J$N$O!Ve(BShift_JISe$B!W$d!Ve(BEUC-JPe$B!W$G$7$g$&$+!#e(B

[email protected]@%$G$9!#e(B

Martin D. wrote:

CP932 e$B$N<~$j$NJ8;z%3!<%IJQ49$r8!F$$7$?$H$3$m$G!“e(B
http://nkf.sourceforge.jp/ucm/cp932.ucm e$B$r%Y!<%9$K$7$?$$$H;W$$$^$7$?$,!“e(B
e$B$$$/[email protected]$,$”$j$^$9!#$40U8+!&%”%I%P%$%9$r$*4j$$$7$^$9!#e(B

  1. Private Use Area e$B$N;HMQe(B:
    \xF0\x40 |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
    e$B$+$ie(B
    \xF9\xFC |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
    e$B$^$G$Ke(B 7778e$B9TL$+$ie(B 9657e$B9TL$^$G$Ke(B e$B7We(B 1880e$B8D$"$j$^$9!#e(B
    e$B$3$l$O2<<j$9$k$H%4%$r$P$i$^$/[email protected]$1$J$N$G!";$a$?$$$H;W$C$F$$$^$9!#e(B

PRIVATE USE AREA
e$B$NN`$OAm$8$F%4%[email protected]$H$$$&<gD%$K$OF10U$7$^$9!#$1$l$I$b!“e(B
NTT DoCoMo e$B$de(B Softbank e$B$Ne(B e$B7HBSEEOC$Ne(B SJIS
e$B3(J8;z$,$3$N%(%j%”$K3d$jEv$F$ie(B
e$B$l$F$$$^$7$F!“e(BUnicode
e$B$XJQ49$9$k:]$K$A$g$&$I$3$N%^%C%T%s%0$rMQ$$$F$$$k$Ne(B
e$B$G!”$3$NItJ,$,$J$$$H:$$k$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

[email protected]$$49$($l$P!"$9$G$K$P$i$^$+$l$F$7$^$C$?%4%_!J$7$+$bL5;k$G$-$J$$NL!K$r5_e(B
e$B:Q$9$k$?$a$KI,MW$G$9!#e(B

e$B$HF1$8$0$i$$$Ne(B |1 e$B$N%1!<%9$,$N$3$k$+$H;W$$$^$9e(B (e$B<g$Ke(B SJIS e$B7O$G;veA43Q$He(B
e$BH>3Q$,$"$k$N$Ke(B Unicode e$B$K$=$N6hJL$,$J$$>/[email protected]$1e(B)e$B!#e(B

e$B$3$l$b$4$b$C$H$b$J$N$G$9$,!"!Ve(BMicrosoft e$B$N$"$ke(B API
e$B$N$"$k;H$$J}$K$h$Ce(B
e$B$F!W$O6qBNE*$K$O!"!V$"$ke(B APIe$B!W$H$Oe(B
WideCharToMultiBytee$B!"!V;H$$J}!W$Oe(B
WC_NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS
e$B$NM-L5$J$N$G$9$,!"%G%U%)%k%H$,!V;XDj$J$7!W$D$^$j!"e(B
e$B%G%U%)%k%H$Ge(B fallback e$B$r9T$&$N$G$9!#e(B
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms776420(VS.85).aspx

e$B$=$N$h$&$J7P0^$+$i!"$3$NF0:n$r4|BT$7$F$$$k%"%W%j%1!<%7%g%s$bB8:_$9$k$H;We(B
e$B$&$N$G!";D$7$F$$$$?J}$,$$$$$N$G$O$J$$$+$J$!$H;W$$$^$9!#$J$K$+e(B
String#encode e$B$Ke(B NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS
e$BAjEv$N%
%W%7%g%s$rM?$($?>l9g$K$Oe(B
fallback [email protected]$k$H$$$&$N$O%"%[email protected]$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

[e$B$b$C$H$R$I$$$H$7$F!“e(B
\x81\xE6 |0 # BECAUSE
\x87\x9A |3 # BECAUSE
\xFA\x5B |3 # BECAUSE e$B$N%1!<%9$b$”$j$^$9!#e(B]

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q170559
e$B$K$b$"$je(B
e$B$^$9$,!“Nr;KE*7P0^$K$h$k;EMM$J$N$G!”$3$l$b;D$7$F$[$7$$$G$9!#e(B

e$B$3$s$K$A$O!"$J$+$`$ie(B(e$B$&e(B)e$B$G$9!#e(B

In message “[ruby-dev:33521] nkf e$B$Ne(B CP932”
on Jan.30,2008 14:19:31, [email protected] wrote:
| 1) Private Use Area e$B$N;HMQe(B:
| \xF0\x40 |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
| e$B$+$ie(B
| \xF9\xFC |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
| e$B$^$G$Ke(B 7778e$B9TL$+$ie(B 9657e$B9TL$^$G$Ke(B e$B7We(B 1880e$B8D$"$j$^$9!#e(B
| e$B$3$l$O2<<j$9$k$H%4%$r$P$i$^$/[email protected]$1$J$N$G!";$a$?$$$H;W$C$F$$$^$9!#e(B

[email protected]@%$5$s$Oe(BDoCoMoe$B$J$I$N3(J8;z$rNc$K5s$2$i$l$^$7$?$1$l$I!"e(BWindows
e$B$G$O!"e(BCP932e$B$K$*$1$k30;zNN0h$H!“e(BUnicodee$B$Ne(BPRIVATE USE
AREAe$B$H$Ne(B
e$BAj8_%^%C%T%s%0$,!”>e5-$NDL$je(B1880e$BJ8;zJ,BP1~$9$k$h$&$KDj5A$5$le(B
e$B$F$$$^$9!#e(B
[email protected]$JDj5A$r8+$D$1$F$/$k$3$H$,$G$-$^$;$s$G$7$?$,!“Nce(B
e$B$($P!Ve(BJIS X 0213:2004 / Unicode
e$B<BAu%,%$%I!We(B[1]e$B$K$O!”!Ve(BWindows
e$B$G$O!“e(BShift_JIS e$B$He(B
Unicodee$B!”$=$l$>$l$N30;z%3!<%I$,8_$$$K4XO"e(B
e$BIU$1$,[email protected]$5$l$F$$$^$9!#e(B

[*1]
http://download.microsoft.com/download/e/3/c/e3c1a451-1882-49fe-86a8-e25680f6c46c/JIS_Unicode_guide.pdf

e$B$H$$$&$o$1$G!"$3$NNN0h$NAj8_JQ49$O0];}$7$FM_$7$$$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B
e$B$b$A$m$s!“e(BCP932e$B$G$J$$e(BShift_JISe$B$G$O!”$3$NItJ,$NAj8_JQ49$O$*$=e(B
e$B$i$/ITMW$G$7$g$&!#e(B

e$B$=$l$G$O!#e(B

At 15:11 08/01/30, NARUSE, Yui wrote:

\xF9\xFC |0 # PRIVATE USE AREA
e$B$^$G$Ke(B 7778e$B9TL$+$ie(B 9657e$B9TL$^$G$Ke(B e$B7We(B 1880e$B8D$"$j$^$9!#e(B
e$B$3$l$O2<<j$9$k$H%4%$r$P$i$^$/[email protected]$1$J$N$G!";$a$?$$$H;W$C$F$$$^$9!#e(B

PRIVATE USE AREA e$B$NN`$OAm$8$F%4%[email protected]$H$$$&<gD%$K$OF10U$7$^$9!#$1$l$I$b!“e(B
NTT DoCoMo e$B$de(B Softbank e$B$Ne(B e$B7HBSEEOC$Ne(B SJIS e$B3(J8;z$,$3$N%(%j%”$K3d$jEv$F$ie(B
e$B$l$F$$$^$7$F!“e(BUnicode e$B$XJQ49$9$k:]$K$A$g$&$I$3$N%^%C%T%s%0$rMQ$$$F$$$k$Ne(B
e$B$G!”$3$NItJ,$,$J$$$H:$$k$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

e$B3(J8;z$C$Fe(B 1880 e$B$b$"$j$^$9$+!#e(BDoCoMo
e$B$J$I$O$=$NJU$b$&$A$g$C$He(B
e$B$7$C$+$j$7$FM_$7$$$G$9$h$M!#e(BUTF-8
e$B$X$NJQ49$O$d$C$F$b!"5U$NJQ49$Oe(B
e$B85!9$I$&$$$&%G!<%[email protected]$C$?$N$+J,$+$i$J$$$?$a$7$J$$J}$,$$$$$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

(fallback e$B$OKtJLES$K?’!99M$($i$l$k$H;W$$$^$9$,!"C1$J$kJ8;z%3!<%IJQ49e(B
e$B$H$OJL$K9M$($?J}$,$$$$$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B)
[email protected],$+$j$^$;$s$,!“B?J,e(B http://nkf.sourceforge.jp/ucm/SJIS-nkf.ucm
e$B$HF1$8$0$i$$$Ne(B |1 e$B$N%1!<%9$,$N$3$k$+$H;W$$$^$9e(B (e$B<g$Ke(B SJIS e$B7O$G;veA43Q$He(B
e$BH>3Q$,$”$k$N$Ke(B Unicode e$B$K$=$N6hJL$,$J$$>/[email protected]$1e(B)e$B!#e(B

e$B$3$l$b$4$b$C$H$b$J$N$G$9$,!"!Ve(BMicrosoft e$B$N$"$ke(B API e$B$N$"$k;H$$J}$K$h$Ce(B
e$B$F!W$O6qBNE*$K$O!"!V$"$ke(B APIe$B!W$H$Oe(B WideCharToMultiBytee$B!"!V;H$$J}!W$Oe(B
WC_NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS e$B$NM-L5$J$N$G$9$,!"e(B

e$B$^$5$K$=$&$G$9!#e(B

e$B%G%U%)%k%H$,!V;XDj$J$7!W$D$^$j!"e(B
e$B%G%U%)%k%H$Ge(B fallback e$B$r9T$&$N$G$9!#e(B

e$BCN$C$F$$$k?M$N4V$Oe(B WC_NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS e$BIU$-e(B (e$B$9$J$o$Ae(B
fallback
e$BL5$7e(B)
e$B$NJ}$,$$$$$H$h$/CN$i$l$F$$$k!#AG[email protected][email protected]$H;W$$$^$9$,!#e(B

http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms776420(VS.85).aspx

e$B$=$N$h$&$J7P0^$+$i!"$3$NF0:n$r4|BT$7$F$$$k%"%W%j%1!<%7%g%s$bB8:_$9$k$H;We(B
e$B$&$N$G!"e(B

e$BNc$($P$I$&$$$&$b$N$G$7$g$&$+!#5U$K!"$3$Ne(B fallback e$B$Oe(B
iso-8859-1
e$B$7$+%+%P!<$7$F$J$$$N$G!"!VFbMF$O$H$b$+$/!"$H$j$"$($:e(B Microsoft
e$B$HA4$/F1$8!W$H$$$&>l9g0J30$O;H$($^$;$s$h$M!#e(B

e$B;D$7$F$*$$$?J}$,$$$$$N$G$O$J$$$+$J$!$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

e$BNc$($Pe(B HTML e$B$de(B XML
e$B$N%Z!<%8$r2?$+$N%(%s%3!<%G%#%s%0$GEG$-=P$7$?$$$He(B
e$B9M$($F$$$k$H!"e(B

LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH GRAVE

e$B$Oe(B A e$B$N$G$O$J$/!"e(BÀ e$B$K$7$?$$$F$9$h$M!#A0$b$C$Fe(B
fallback e$B$re(B
e$BA4It$$$l$k$H$=$&$$$&$3$H$O$G$-$J$/$J$j$^$9$h$M!#e(B

e$B$J$K$+e(B
String#encode e$B$Ke(B NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS e$BAjEv$N%*%W%7%g%s$rM?$($?>l9g$K$Oe(B
fallback [email protected]$k$H$$$&$N$O%"%[email protected]$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

e$B>-Mh$Ke(B fallback
e$B$_$?$$$J$b$N$bDI2C$7$F$b$$$$$H;W$$$^$9$,!"$"$/$^$G$be(B
e$BIaDL$Oe(B fallback e$BL5$7$K$7$?$$$H;W$C$F$$$^$9!#e(B

[e$B$b$C$H$R$I$$$H$7$F!“e(B
\x81\xE6 |0 # BECAUSE
\x87\x9A |3 # BECAUSE
\xFA\x5B |3 # BECAUSE e$B$N%1!<%9$b$”$j$^$9!#e(B]

http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q170559 e$B$K$b$"$je(B
e$B$^$9$,!“Nr;KE*7P0^$K$h$k;EMM$J$N$G!”$3$l$b;D$7$F$[$7$$$G$9!#e(B

e$B$3$3$OK\Ev$Ke(B CP932 e$B$NNr;K!&7P0^$NOC$J$N$G!";D$9M=Dj$G$9!#e(B

e$B59$7$/$*4j$$$7$^$9!#e(B Martin.

#-#-# Martin J. Du"rst, Assoc. Professor, Aoyama Gakuin University
#-#-# http://www.sw.it.aoyama.ac.jp mailto:[email protected]

On Thu, 31 Jan 2008 00:29:49 +0900
In article [email protected]
[[ruby-dev:33535] Re: nkf e$B$Ne(B CP932]
“NARUSE, Yui” [email protected] wrote:

e$BCN$C$F$$$k?M$N4V$Oe(B WC_NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS e$BIU$-e(B (e$B$9$J$o$Ae(B fallback
e$BL5$7e(B) e$B$NJ}$,$$$$$H$h$/CN$i$l$F$$$k!#AG[email protected][email protected]$H;W$$$^$9$,!#e(B

e$B%I%-%e%a%s%H$K$b=q$$$F$"$j$^$9$,!“e(Bfallback e$B$”$j$NJ}$,=hM}B.EYB.$$$s$G$9e(B
e$B$h!":GE,2=$NET9g$G!#e(B

e$B$"$H!“BgItJ,$N?M$OAG?M$J$N$Ge(B fallback e$B$”$j$NF0:n$,[email protected]$H;W$C$F$$$k$H;We(B
e$B$$$^$9!#e(B

e$B$C$F$$$&$+!“e(BANSI e$B7O$Ne(BAPI (***A)
e$B$Oe(Bfallbacke$B$”$j$GJQ49$7$F$/$k$/$k$s$8$c$Je(B
e$B$+$C$?$G$7$g$&$+!#e(B

[email protected]@%$G$9!#e(B

Martin D. wrote:

e$B3(J8;z$C$Fe(B 1880 e$B$b$"$j$^$9$+!#e(BDoCoMo e$B$J$I$O$=$NJU$b$&$A$g$C$He(B
e$B$7$C$+$j$7$FM_$7$$$G$9$h$M!#e(BUTF-8 e$B$X$NJQ49$O$d$C$F$b!"5U$NJQ49$Oe(B
e$B85!9$I$&$$$&%G!<%[email protected]$C$?$N$+J,$+$i$J$$$?$a$7$J$$J}$,$$$$$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

e$B3N$+A0H>$,e(B DoCoMoe$B!"8eH>$,e(B Softbank
e$B$K$J$C$F$$$?$h$&$K5-21$7$F$$$^$9!#e(B

e$B5UJQ49$K$D$$$F$b!"$9$G$Ke(B Unicode
e$B$K$J$C$F$7$^$C$F$$$k%G!<%?$r$^$?e(B
Shift_JIS
e$B$KLa$7$?$$$H$$$&%K!<%:$,<B:]LdBj$H$7$F$O$=$l$J$j$KB8:_$9$k$?e(B
e$B$a!"[email protected]$H;W$$$^$9!#e(B

CP932
e$B$H$$$&HsI8=`$NJQ49%F!<%V%k$r;H$&;[email protected]$G!"85!9$,$I$s$J%G!<%?$+$O$oe(B
e$B$+$C$F$$$k$s$G$9$h!#e(B

e$BCN$C$F$$$k?M$N4V$Oe(B WC_NO_BEST_FIT_CHARS e$BIU$-e(B (e$B$9$J$o$Ae(B fallback
e$BL5$7e(B) e$B$NJ}$,$$$$$H$h$/CN$i$l$F$$$k!#AG[email protected][email protected]$H;W$$$^$9$,!#e(B

e$B%I%-%e%a%s%H$K$b=q$$$F$"$j$^$9$,!“e(Bfallback
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