Newbie adding to array question


#1

hi, i have the following code in my project

def next_seq

x = @current + @previous

@previous = @current

@current = x

end

def display_all

    count = 2

while count < @iteration

next_seq

    count = count + 1

puts @current

end

end

ive been trying to add the result each time the result is calculated to
array but keep getting stuck

my idea was puttting @fibresults[count] = @current in the while loop,
but i keep getting nil when i try and access it later on

thanks for any help


#2

On 16.10.2008 16:50, Roger Reeks wrote:

array but keep getting stuck

my idea was puttting @fibresults[count] = @current in the while loop,
but i keep getting nil when i try and access it later on

You should disclose more of your code so we can see where it does not
work. There is no @fibresults in the code above so we cannot know what
went wrong.

Cheers

robert


#3

On 16.10.2008 17:36, Roger Reeks wrote:

     count = 2

end
Here’s how you can make your life easier: you do not need @previous and
@current. Instead you only need the array. Note that you can access
elements from the end, i.e. @fibresults[-1] and @fibresults[-2] access
the last and last but one elements.

Another simplification: the while loop can be replaced by

@iteration.times do |count|
end

or

2.upto @iteration - 1 do |count|
end

Kind regards

robert


#4

@fibresults= []

def initialize

@iterations = 10

@previous = 1

@current = 1

@fibresults[0] =@previous

@fibresults[1] =@current

end

def next_seq

x = @current + @previous

@previous = @current

@current = x

end

def display_all

     count = 2

while count < @iteration

next_seq

     count = count + 1
  @fibresults[count] = @current

puts @current

end

end


#5

def fib(n)
curr = 0
succ = 1
all = []

n.times do
curr, succ = succ, curr + succ
all << curr
end

all
end

fib(10) #=> [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55]


#6

Roger Reeks wrote:

@fibresults= []

def initialize

You don’t want to define an initialize method at the top level - only
inside a class. If I run your code as posted, I get:
fib.rb:3: warning: redefining Object#initialize may cause infinite loop

So the first thing I do is to wrap all this in a class definition (and
tidy the formatting):

@fibresults= []

class Fib
def initialize
@iterations = 10
@previous = 1
@current = 1
@fibresults[0] =@previous
@fibresults[1] =@current
end

def next_seq
x = @current + @previous
@previous = @current
@current = x
end

def display_all
count = 2
while count < @iteration
next_seq
count = count + 1
@fibresults[count] = @current
puts @current
end
end
end # class Fib

f = Fib.new
f.display_all

Now it becomes clearer where the problem is:

fib.rb:8:in initialize': undefined method[]=’ for nil:NilClass
(NoMethodError)
from fib.rb:29:in `new’
from fib.rb:29

You need to move the initialisation of @fibresults inside the
initialize method of the Fib class.

Next bug:

fib.rb:20:in <': comparison of Fixnum with nil failed (ArgumentError) from fib.rb:20:indisplay_all’
from fib.rb:30

That’s because you wrote “@iteration” in one place and “@iterations” in
another. So I’ll change the former to the latter.

At this point the code runs just fine, printing:

2
3
5
8
13
21
34
55

You don’t actually make use of the values you stored in the array
though, so I’ll add an accessor to show that they are correct. The code
now looks like this:

class Fib
attr_reader :fibresults

def initialize
@iterations = 10
@previous = 1
@current = 1
@fibresults= []
@fibresults[0] =@previous
@fibresults[1] =@current
end

def next_seq
x = @current + @previous
@previous = @current
@current = x
end

def display_all
count = 2
while count < @iterations
next_seq
count = count + 1
@fibresults[count] = @current
puts @current
end
end
end # class Fib

f = Fib.new
f.display_all
p f.fibresults

and the results:

2
3
5
8
13
21
34
55
[1, 1, nil, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55]

Oops, an off-by-one error there. You should have assigned to
@fibresults[count] before incrementing count. You can just swap those
two lines around.

So now your code works. Of course, as others have shown, there are much
shorter ways of writing this in Ruby. However I think it’s of good
educational value in the first place to get your own code working,
starting from the way you initially wrote it.


#7

thanks for the help up to now, much appreciated

i want to modify the code so it can pu

1.is_fibonacci # returns true
2.is_fibonacci # returns true
3.is_fibonacci # returns false

how could i do that?

thanks again


#8

Incidentally, I was able to spot the errors very quickly without really
having to think, but ruby will help you if you run it with the -w flag:

ruby -w fib.rb

or

#!/usr/bin/ruby -w
… rest of code

This gives a number of warnings when dubious code runs, in particular it
would have told you where you had mistyped an instance variable name:

fib.rb:10: warning: instance variable @fibresults not initialized

fib.rb:22: warning: instance variable @iteration not initialized


#9

Roger Reeks wrote:

thanks for the help up to now, much appreciated

i want to modify the code so it can pu

1.is_fibonacci # returns true
2.is_fibonacci # returns true
3.is_fibonacci # returns false

how could i do that?

class Integer
def is_fibonacci(x=1, y=1)
… put your code here
… the number you are testing is “self”
end
end


#10

1.is_fibonacci # returns true
2.is_fibonacci # returns true
3.is_fibonacci # returns false

how could i do that?

Assuming you mean you want to see if a digit is in the answer (in
which case 3 would actually return true), you can do this:

class Fixnum
def fibonacci?(n=10)
fib(n).include? self
end
end

puts 3.fibonacci?
#=> true
puts 4.fibonacci?
#=> false

– Mark.


#11

Thanks for the help guy, really appreciate it, im really getting into
ruby

Thanks again