International character search

Hi!

I’m working on a program, and I need to do case-insensitive search with
international characters on it, like:

ñáéíóúàèìòùäëïöü and so on.

Anyway, I found a way of implementing it, but I don’t quite like it
because it would implies create the autocomplete function for each
autocomplete I have in my project.

The way of doing so I found is to change the condition from:

LOWER(column) like ‘%thing_downcased%’

to

column ~* ‘thing_downcased’

and replacing the international characters for the [ñÑ] kind of
expression, like this:

name ~* ‘la [ñÑ]apa’

and it actually works (at least with postgresql), but then, I would
need to do the substitution everytime I do a search, and I would need
to reimplement the autocomplete function for each autocompletion with
the new schema.

Any better idea?,

Sincerely,

Ildefonso Camargo

On Oct 12, 2006, at 4:19 AM, soulhunter wrote:

Anyway, I found a way of implementing it, but I don’t quite like it
because it would implies create the autocomplete function for each
autocomplete I have in my project.

The way of doing so I found is to change the condition from:

LOWER(column) like ‘%thing_downcased%’

Just to share a different approach, since you can’t expect users to
type accented words correctly, I usually store a normalized extra
column (say name_normalized) for searches maintained in some Rails-
way like filters, or store just the normalization of them in ferret.
Then any query has to be normalized.

– fxn

Utility method that retursn an ASCIIfied, downcased, and

sanitized string.

It relies on the Unicode Hacks plugin by means of String#chars.

We assume

$KCODE is ‘u’ in environment.rb. By now we support a wide range

of latin

accented letters, based on the Unicode Character Palette bundled

in Macs.
def self.normalize(str)
n = str.chars.downcase.strip.to_s
n.gsub!(/[à áâãäåāÄ?Ä?]/u, ‘a’)
n.gsub!(/\s+/, ’ ')
n.gsub!(/æ/u, ‘ae’)
n.gsub!(/[ďÄ?]/u, ‘d’)
n.gsub!(/[çÄ?čÄ?Ä?]/u, ‘c’)
n.gsub!(/[èéêëÄ?Ä?Ä?Ä?Ä?]/u, ‘e’)
n.gsub!(/Æ?/u, ‘f’)
n.gsub!(/[ĝÄ?Ä¡Ä£]/u, ‘g’)
n.gsub!(/[ĥħ]/, ‘h’)
n.gsub!(/[ììíîïīĩĭ]/u, ‘i’)
n.gsub!(/[įıijĵ]/u, ‘j’)
n.gsub!(/[ķĸ]/u, ‘k’)
n.gsub!(/[Å?ľĺļÅ?]/u, ‘l’)
n.gsub!(/[ñÅ?Å?Å?Å?Å?]/u, ‘n’)
n.gsub!(/[òóôõöøōÅ?ŏŏ]/u, ‘o’)
n.gsub!(/Å?/u, ‘oe’)
n.gsub!(/[Å?Å?Å?]/u, ‘r’)
n.gsub!(/[Å?Å¡Å?ŝÈ?]/u, ‘s’)
n.gsub!(/[ťţŧÈ?]/u, ‘t’)
n.gsub!(/[ùúûüūůűŭũų]/u, ‘u’)
n.gsub!(/ŵ/u, ‘w’)
n.gsub!(/[ýÿŷ]/u, ‘y’)
n.gsub!(/[žżź]/u, ‘z’)
n.gsub!(/[^\sa-z0-9_-]/, ‘’)
n
end

On 10/13/06, Xavier N. [email protected] wrote:

It relies on the Unicode Hacks plugin by means of String#chars.

 n.gsub!(/[ďÄ?]/u,          'd')
 n.gsub!(/[òóôõöøōÅ?ŏŏ]/u,  'o')

end

Sweet! I’ve just been looking for a character conversion chart like
this to add a filter to Ferret. In a future version of Ferret (coming
very soon) this will be a lot easier and faster. I’ll probably put an
option on the StandardAnalyzer called :normalize_unicode or something.

Thanks Xavier,
Dave

On Oct 13, 2006, at 2:47 AM, David B. wrote:

Sweet! I’ve just been looking for a character conversion chart like
this to add a filter to Ferret. In a future version of Ferret (coming
very soon) this will be a lot easier and faster. I’ll probably put an
option on the StandardAnalyzer called :normalize_unicode or something.

Excelent!

I noticed in the mail that a q-like character was among the a-like
character class, I moved that out and send the normalizer again for
the archives:

Utility method that retursn an ASCIIfied, downcased, and sanitized

string.

It relies on the Unicode Hacks plugin by means of String#chars. We

assume

$KCODE is ‘u’ in environment.rb. By now we support a wide range of

latin

accented letters, based on the Unicode Character Palette bundled in

Macs.
def self.normalize(str)
n = str.chars.downcase.strip.to_s
n.gsub!(/[à áâãäåāÄ?]/u, ‘a’)
n.gsub!(/æ/u, ‘ae’)
n.gsub!(/[ďÄ?]/u, ‘d’)
n.gsub!(/[çÄ?čÄ?Ä?]/u, ‘c’)
n.gsub!(/[èéêëÄ?Ä?Ä?Ä?Ä?]/u, ‘e’)
n.gsub!(/Æ?/u, ‘f’)
n.gsub!(/[ĝÄ?Ä¡Ä£]/u, ‘g’)
n.gsub!(/[ĥħ]/, ‘h’)
n.gsub!(/[ììíîïīĩĭ]/u, ‘i’)
n.gsub!(/[įıijĵ]/u, ‘j’)
n.gsub!(/[ķĸ]/u, ‘k’)
n.gsub!(/[Å?ľĺļÅ?]/u, ‘l’)
n.gsub!(/[ñÅ?Å?Å?Å?Å?]/u, ‘n’)
n.gsub!(/[òóôõöøōÅ?ŏŏ]/u, ‘o’)
n.gsub!(/Å?/u, ‘oe’)
n.gsub!(/Ä?/u, ‘q’)
n.gsub!(/[Å?Å?Å?]/u, ‘r’)
n.gsub!(/[Å?Å¡Å?ŝÈ?]/u, ‘s’)
n.gsub!(/[ťţŧÈ?]/u, ‘t’)
n.gsub!(/[ùúûüūůűŭũų]/u, ‘u’)
n.gsub!(/ŵ/u, ‘w’)
n.gsub!(/[ýÿŷ]/u, ‘y’)
n.gsub!(/[žżź]/u, ‘z’)
n.gsub!(/\s+/, ’ ')
n.gsub!(/[^\sa-z0-9_-]/, ‘’)
n
end

– fxn

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