If behavior

Hi,
i recently started to learn ruby as well as rails and came across a
problem.
such code:

if session[:login]
   10/0
else
   11/0
end if

doesn’t inform me about division by zero. Actually it seems that none of
paths is evaluated. I don’t get it. I’ve checked few tutorials, none of
the said anything about possibility of such behavior.

On Saturday 19 April 2008, Qwe Q. wrote:

[/code]
doesn’t inform me about division by zero. Actually it seems that none of
paths is evaluated. I don’t get it. I’ve checked few tutorials, none of
the said anything about possibility of such behavior.

I think the problem is the if at the end of the last line. In ruby, the
if-
then-else statement is closed by end, not end if. So, ruby thinks that
the if
after the end is the beginning of a if modifier statement, that is, of
something like

puts “greater” if x > 5

Since the if modifier requires some condition after the if keyword, ruby
will
look for it in the next line and interpret what you wrote like this:

(
if session[:login]
10 / 0
else
11 / 0
end
) if … #whatever is in next line

This means that if the expression which gets interpreted as the
condition for
the if modifier (that is, the second if) is false or nil, all the first
if
statement won’t be executed.

I hope this helps

Stefano

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On Apr 19, 2008, at 1:57 PM, Qwe Q. wrote:

[/code]
doesn’t inform me about division by zero. Actually it seems that
none of
paths is evaluated. I don’t get it. I’ve checked few tutorials, none
of
the said anything about possibility of such behavior.

Posted via http://www.ruby-forum.com/.

Yes, because the code never gets evaluated. if-blocks are ended by
“end” and not “end if”. What you wrote can be interpreted as:

====
(if session[:login]
10/0
else
11/0
end) if

So: execute the if statement, if… As there is no second condition
on the second if, it is always false. So the code inside the
paranthesis will never get executed.

This is happening because ruby allows you to write a condition after a
statement, e.g.:

====
do_weird_things if (true == ruby.is_driving_crazy?(you))

Regards,
Florian G.
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ehm great

if true then
  @users = User.find( :all )
else
  @users = User.find( :all )
end if
1
respond_to do |format|
  format.html # index.html.erb
  format.xml  { render :xml => @users }
end

works, but commenting out 1

if true then
  @users = User.find( :all )
else
  @users = User.find( :all )
end if
respond_to do |format|
  format.html # index.html.erb
  format.xml  { render :xml => @users }
end

makes the if not evaluated.

why?

Hi,

On Sat, Apr 19, 2008 at 10:14 PM, Qwe Q. [email protected] wrote:

if true then
@users = User.find( :all )
else
@users = User.find( :all )
end if
1
respond_to do |format|
format.html # index.html.erb

See Florian’s message.
Replace “end if” with “end” only – it’s modifying the entire previous
conditional to only happen if the bit that follows returns true (or a
truthy
value).

HTH,
Arlen

Hi –

On Sat, 19 Apr 2008, Qwe Q. wrote:

 format.xml  { render :xml => @users }
 format.html # index.html.erb
 format.xml  { render :xml => @users }

end

makes the if not evaluated.

why?

$ ruby -e ‘if true then p 1 else p 2 end if false’
$ ruby -e ‘if true then p 1 else p 2 end if true’
1

The “if false” and “if true” at the end govern the whole thing. In
your first example, you’re doing:

if true then @users = … else @users = … end if 1

Since 1 is true, it gets executed.

In your second example, you’re doing:

if true then @users = … else @users = … end if respond_to…

I imagine respond_to must return nil. Therefore, you’re telling the
first if statement not to execute.

This “if end if <other_condition>” idiom is extremely
unusual and almost certainly not what you intend to do. As others have
said, it looks like you just want an if block, which ends with end.

David

On Saturday 19 April 2008, Florian G. wrote:

As there is no second condition
on the second if, it is always false.

I don’t think so. Without a condition after the if, you’ll get a
SyntaxError.
At least, that’s what my tests show. Try running this:

ruby -e ’ if true; puts “TRUE”; end if’

As I explained in my other post, since ruby doesn’t find a condition on
the
same line of the if, it’ll go on looking for it in the following line.

Stefano

On Sat, Apr 19, 2008 at 5:14 AM, Qwe Q. [email protected] wrote:

  format.xml  { render :xml => @users }
  format.html # index.html.erb
  format.xml  { render :xml => @users }
end

makes the if not evaluated.

why?

see “If and unless modifiers”, on this page:
http://www.rubycentral.com/pickaxe/tut_expressions.html

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