Help with an "easy" regular expression substitution


#1

Hi, I’m getting crazy to get a theorically easy substitution:

I’ve a file with a header:
X-Level: ***
where the number of “*” is variable (from 0 up to 10).

And I just want to replace “*” by “X”, so get:
X-Level: XXX

I don’t get it since I don’t know how to replace ANY number of “*” with
the
same number of “X” just in the header “X-Level”.

Any help? Thanks a lot.


#2

Hi –

On Mon, 15 Dec 2008, Iñaki Baz C. wrote:

same number of “X” just in the header “X-Level”.

Any help? Thanks a lot.

The first thing that comes to mind:

text.sub(/(X-Level: )(*+)/) { $1 + ‘X’ * $2.size }

or, in Oniguruma, using look-behind:

text.sub(/(?<=X-Level: )(*+)/) { ‘X’ * $1.size }

David


#3

El Domingo, 14 de Diciembre de 2008, David A. Black escribió:

The first thing that comes to mind:

  text.sub(/(X-Level: )(*+)/) { $1 + ‘X’ * $2.size }

or, in Oniguruma, using look-behind:

 text.sub(/(?<=X-Level: )(*+)/) { ‘X’ * $1.size }

Thanks, this is valid in Ruby, but I understand such a operation is not
feasible with “sed” command, is it?
I’m not sure yet about if I’ll need to do this script in Ruby or Shell.

Thanks a lot.


#4

Tim G. wrote:

sed ‘/^X-Level: /s/*/X/g’

Pardin, you probably won’t need to backware that meta character.

sed ‘/^X-Level: /s/*/X/g’


#5

Iñaki Baz C. wrote:

not feasible with “sed” command, is it?
I’m not sure yet about if I’ll need to do this script in Ruby or
Shell.

Thanks a lot.

sed ‘/^X-Level: /s/*/X/g’

~]$ echo “X-Level: ****” | sed ‘/^X-Level: /s/*/X/g’
X-Level: XXXX
~]$ echo “X-Level: ***********” | sed ‘/^X-Level: /s/*/X/g’
X-Level: XXXXXXXXXXX


#6

El Domingo, 14 de Diciembre de 2008, David A. Black escribió:

Just in case:

sed -Ee ‘/X-Level: *+/s/*/X/g’

Great! I didn’t know that usage of “sed”!

Thanks a lot.


#7

Hi –

On Mon, 15 Dec 2008, Iñaki Baz C. wrote:

feasible with “sed” command, is it?
I’m not sure yet about if I’ll need to do this script in Ruby or Shell.

Just in case:

sed -Ee ‘/X-Level: *+/s/*/X/g’

David


#8

Iñaki Baz C. wrote:

with the same number of “X” just in the header “X-Level”.

Any help? Thanks a lot.

s = “X-Level: ***”
==>“X-Level: *"
s[ /X-Level: (*
)/, 1 ] = $1.gsub("
”, “X”)
==>“XXX”
s
==>“X-Level: XXX”


#9

On Dec 14, 1:33 pm, Iñaki Baz C. removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

same number of “X” just in the header “X-Level”.
Since I haven’t seen the obvious answer yet…

text.tr(’*’,‘X’)

– Mark.


#10

On Sun, Dec 14, 2008 at 10:15 PM, Iñaki Baz C. removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

El Domingo, 14 de Diciembre de 2008, David A. Black escribió:

Just in case:

sed -Ee ‘/X-Level: *+/s/*/X/g’

Great! I didn’t know that usage of “sed”!
As we are strolling OT alreeady :wink: It is turing complete, and someone
wrote a web server in sed.
But nobody knows what happened to him, a sed story…
R.


#11

On Dec 15, 2:42 pm, Mark T. removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

I don’t get it since I don’t know how to replace ANY number of “*” with the
same number of “X” just in the header “X-Level”.

Since I haven’t seen the obvious answer yet…

text.tr(’*’,‘X’)

– Mark.

Mark,
The request was to make the replacement only in the header, isn’t it?
:slight_smile:

K


#12

Since I haven’t seen the obvious answer yet…

text.tr(’*’,‘X’)

– Mark.

Mark,
The request was to make the replacement only in the header, isn’t it?
:slight_smile:

excuse me…

header.tr(’*’,‘X’)

Better? :slight_smile:

– Mark.


#13

not sure if I understand what you’re trying to do… but it sounds like


is a number right?
so
text.tr(’*’,‘X’)
becomes
text.tr(’\d’,‘X’)

HTH
/Shawn


#14

Hi –

On Tue, 16 Dec 2008, Mark T. wrote:

excuse me…

header.tr(’*’,‘X’)

Better? :slight_smile:

If you can be sure you won’t get any false positives. The original
question was how to change:

X-Level: ***

to

X-Level: XXX

I don’t know whether * occurs on other lines.

David


#15

On Dec 16, 7:09 am, Sebastian H. removed_email_address@domain.invalid
wrote:

and the rest as-is.
You could of course do
text.sub(/X-Level: *+/) {|header| header.tr("*",“X”) }
but that’s not neccessarily simpler than the already offered solutions.

You are correct, of course. And that’s what I was trying to imply,
that it was only solving one piece of the problem. I guess I should
have explained it, rather than be glib with my response. If the header
was easily (or already) isolated, it would be a simple solution. But
that information was not given by the OP.


#16

Mark T. wrote:

excuse me…

header.tr(’*’,‘X’)

Better? :slight_smile:

No, because you just changed the problem. The specified input was the
whole
string, not only the part of the string that should change. And the
desired
output was that whole string with the part that should be changed,
changed
and the rest as-is.
You could of course do
text.sub(/X-Level: *+/) {|header| header.tr("*",“X”) }
but that’s not neccessarily simpler than the already offered solutions.

HTH,
Sebastian