Hash.new({}) astonishment


#1

h = Hash.new({})
=> {}

h[:a][:b] = 1
=> 1

h
=> {}

h[:a]
=> {:b=>1}

h.keys
=> []

h.values
=> []

??


#2

Marcello B. wrote:

h = Hash.new({})
=> {}

h[:a][:b] = 1
=> 1

h
=> {}

h[:a]
=> {:b=>1}

h.keys
=> []

h.values
=> []

??

http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/classes/Hash.src/M002873.html
Hash.new(obj) => aHash
If obj is specified, this single object will be used for all default
values.

irb(main):001:0> h = Hash.new({})
=> {}
irb(main):002:0> h[:a] = 12345 # default object = 12345
=> 12345
irb(main):003:0> h[:b] = 45678 # default object = 45678
=> 45678
irb(main):004:0> h[:a]
=> 12345
irb(main):005:0> efine@ender:~/ruby/ckjm$ irb
irb(main):001:0> h = Hash.new({})
=> {}
irb(main):002:0> h[:a][:b] = 12345 # single default object now = 12345
=> 12345
irb(main):003:0> h
=> {}
irb(main):004:0> h[:xyzzy]
=> {:b=>12345}
irb(main):005:0> h[0]
=> {:b=>12345}
irb(main):006:0> h[0].object_id == h[:xyzzy].object_id
=> true
irb(main):007:0> h[109123].object_id == h[:not_there].object_id
=> true
irb(main):008:0> h
=> {}
irb(main):009:0> h = Hash.new {|hash,key| hash[key] = {}}
=> {}
irb(main):010:0> h[:a][:b] = 12345
=> 12345
irb(main):011:0> h
=> {:a=>{:b=>12345}}
irb(main):012:0> h.keys
=> [:a]
irb(main):013:0> h.values
=> [{:b=>12345}]


#3

Sorry, middle button operator trouble :slight_smile:

irb(main):001:0> h = Hash.new({})
=> {}
irb(main):002:0> h[:a][:b] = 12345 # single default object now = 12345
=> 12345
irb(main):003:0> h
=> {}
irb(main):004:0> h[:xyzzy]
=> {:b=>12345}
irb(main):005:0> h[0]
=> {:b=>12345}
irb(main):006:0> h[0].object_id == h[:xyzzy].object_id
=> true
irb(main):007:0> h[109123].object_id == h[:not_there].object_id
=> true
irb(main):008:0> h
=> {}
irb(main):009:0> h = Hash.new {|hash,key| hash[key] = {}}
=> {}
irb(main):010:0> h[:a][:b] = 12345
=> 12345
irb(main):011:0> h
=> {:a=>{:b=>12345}}
irb(main):012:0> h.keys
=> [:a]
irb(main):013:0> h.values
=> [{:b=>12345}]


#4

On 2/16/07, Marcello B. removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

h = Hash.new({})
=> {}

h[:a][:b] = 1
You are assigning to the {}, gotten by the [:a]
look at this
irb#1(main):014:0> h[:a][:b]=42
=> 42
irb#1(main):015:0> o
=> {:b=>42}
irb#1(main):016:0> h
=> {}
irb#1(main):017:0>
irb#1(main):018:0*
irb#1(main):019:0* o={}
=> {}
irb#1(main):020:0> h=Hash.new(o)
=> {}
irb#1(main):021:0> h[:a][:b]=42
=> 42
irb#1(main):022:0> h[:c]=42
=> 42
irb#1(main):023:0> h
=> {:c=>42}
irb#1(main):024:0> o
=> {:b=>42}

or maybe even better

h=Hash.new({})
=> {}
irb#1(main):027:0> h[:a][:b]=42
=> 42
irb#1(main):028:0> h.default
=> {:b=>42}

It is completely normal that h is empty you were working with it’s
default property

HTH
Robert


#5

Hi,

On Friday 16 February 2007 05:26, Edwin F. wrote:

If obj is specified, this single object will be used for all default
values.

yuck. i got it. thanks :).