Hash into Two Arguments (for REXML)


#1

Hey,

I’m storing my XML namespaces for REXML as Hashes (for XPath.first [1])
like so:

RDF_NS = {“rdf” => “http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#”}

When I need to do an XPath lookup, these work great (especially as I
can merge() more than one together), but when I have to create new
Elements and add their namespaces, the Hash isn’t what’s expected[2]
(it needs two distinct args).

Is there a cooler way to get from a Hash to two args other than my
*Hash.to_a.flatten ?

require ‘rexml/document’

=> true

RDF_NS = {“rdf” => “http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#”}

=> {“rdf”=>“http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#”}

a = REXML::Element.new “rdf:RDF”

=> rdf:RDF/

a.add_namespace(*RDF_NS.to_a.flatten)

=> <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=‘http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#’/>

Thanks,
Keith

  1. namespaces: If supplied, a Hash which defines a namespace mapping:
    XPath.first( node, “a/x:b”, { “x”=>“http://doofus” } )
    http://www.germane-software.com/software/rexml/doc/classes/REXML/XPath.html#M000452

  2. add_namespace( prefix, uri=nil )

Adds a namespace to this element.
prefix: the prefix string, or the namespace URI if uri is not
supplied
uri: the namespace URI. May be nil, in which prefix is used as the
URI

a.add_namespace(“foo”, “bar”)
http://www.germane-software.com/software/rexml/doc/classes/REXML/Element.html#M000490


#2

On 10.02.2007 17:48, Keith F. wrote:

(it needs two distinct args).
a.add_namespace(*RDF_NS.to_a.flatten)

=> <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=‘http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#’/>

Here’s a variant, but this is not very nice either:

a.add_namespace(*RDF_NS…each {|k,v| break k,v}}

a.add_namespace(“foo”, “bar”)
http://www.germane-software.com/software/rexml/doc/classes/REXML/Element.html#M000490

I get the feeling that you’re probably not using Hashes properly,
especially since you mention you have a lot of them with one key value
pair and merge them together.

As far as I can see the most reasonable approach would be to have a
single Hash that records all namespaces. That would be the Hash that
you pass to XPath.first.

When you want to add a specific namespace to an element, you would then
rather do something like this:

a.add_namespace(“foo”, namespaces[“foo”])

If you want to avoid double typing you could do

def namespaces.pair(key)
(val = self[key]) ? [key, val] : nil
end

or

def namespaces.pair(key)
val = self[key] and [key, val]
end

and then

a.add_namespace(*namespaces.pair(“foo”))

Or you reverse the logic and do

def namespaces.add_ns(elem, ns)
val = self[ns] and elem.add_namespace(ns, val)
end

Kind regards

robert