Getting existing context when defining a singleton method (c


#1

Hi

I’m fairly new to this “meta-programming” thing, so excuse me if I get
my terminology wrong. Is there any way of getting access to the
exisiting context when using class << obj or otherwise creating a
singleton method?

For example of what I mean - I have a method that returns a Proc:

def foo()
local_var = “Bar”
Proc.new { local_var }
end

x = foo()
x.call --> returns “Bar”, ‘remembering’ the local context

and I want to something similar with methods defined using class <<
obj:

class MyObject
end

def foo(my_object_instance)
local_var = “Bar”
class << my_object_instance
define_method(:a_method) { local_var }
end
end

o = MyObject.new
foo(o)
o.a_method --> throws an error, complaining about missing local
variable

If I just wanted to assign this method to the class then I think I
could do the following in foo:

my_object_instance.class.send(:define_method, :a_method) { local_var }

But I want to define a singleton method, and I don’t think you can get
access to an object instance’s virtual class in a similar way?

Any help with this much appreciated,

TIA
Roland


#2

Hi –

On Sun, 7 Jan 2007, Roland S. wrote:

Hi

I’m fairly new to this “meta-programming” thing, so excuse me if I get
my terminology wrong. Is there any way of getting access to the
exisiting context when using class << obj or otherwise creating a
singleton method?

Yes:

sclass = (class << obj; self; end)
sclass.class_eval do
define_method …
end

That will keep you in the local scope you started in.

Hopefully there will be a method in Ruby 1.9/2.0 that will let you
grab an object’s singleton class, so you could do:

obj.singleton_class.class_eval # etc.

David


#3

Great!

Yes:

Thanks for the (very speedy) response.

Hopefully there will be a method in Ruby 1.9/2.0 that will let you
grab an object’s singleton class, so you could do:

obj.singleton_class.class_eval # etc.

I guess you can have this in ruby 1.8 by doing

class Object
def singleton_class
class << self
self
end
end
end

Some code that I’ve seen around is now much clearer… thanks again.

Cheers,
Roland


#4

Hi –

On Sun, 7 Jan 2007, Roland S. wrote:

I guess you can have this in ruby 1.8 by doing

class Object
def singleton_class
class << self
self
end
end
end

Yes, many of us have had occasion to write exactly that :slight_smile:

Some code that I’ve seen around is now much clearer… thanks again.

Glad to help!

David