Fixing Net::TFTP

Hi all -

I’m extremely new to Ruby programming. Forgive me.

I’m trying to develop an updated Net::TFTP library. The existing
library doesn’t seem to work correctly with the few embedded devices
that I’ve tried it with. It’s quite old and uses Timeout::timeout()
while waiting on IO, and this never, ever seems to work (timeout
exception is always thrown, whether I am writing or reading).

I’ve been rewriting the library to use IO.select() in place of all of
the old Timeout::timeout() statements. I’m finding that its behavior is
really weird, though.

Here is my snippet of modified Net::TFTP.putbinaryfile:

def putbinary(remotefile, io, &block) # :yields: data, seq
  s = UDPSocket.new
  peer_ip = IPSocket.getaddress(@host)
  puts "putting binary file to ", peer_ip
  peer_tid = nil
  seq = 0
  from = nil
  data = nil
  while TRUE do
    s.send(wrq_packet(remotefile, "octet"), 0, peer_ip, @port)
    puts "(Re-)Sent fwrite request, waiting for response"
    a = IO.select([s], nil, nil, 1)
    if a
      puts "."
      packet, from = s.recvfrom(2048,0)
      puts "."
      puts "received packet " , packet, " from ", from
      next unless peer_ip == from[3]
      type, block, data = scan_packet(packet)
      break if (type == OP_ERROR) || (type == OP_OPACK) || ((type ==

OP_ACK) && (block == seq))
end
end

My output is:

<0.04 seconds later, I see an ACK from the tftp server>
Sent fwrite request, waiting for response
.
<The program then pauses for 5 seconds>
.
received packet…yadda yadda yadda

The same delay occurs when I actually send packets of the file (and if
the file is big, the 5-second delays between blocks is horrifyingly
slow).

It seems that recvfrom() still blocks, even though IO.select should not
return a non-nil response unless there is data to be read on the socket?
Setting different maximum sizes to recvfrom() doesn’t change the
behavior.

I wrote a separate program doing the exact same thing with IO.select()
followed by recvfrom(). It then s.send()'s the data back to the client,
basically making a UDP echo service. Connecting to that with netcat
yields exactly what I’d expect: the data is echo’d back to netcat
immediately, not after a several-second delay.

If it’s any help, I’m running Ruby 1.8.7…

I’d appreciate any help that folks can provide, even if it’s just a
pointer to some other documentation that I should read. From what I’ve
read, IO.select() should do what I want, though?

Thanks,
Reid

On 13/12/11 17:05, Reid W. wrote:

I’ve been rewriting the library to use IO.select() in place of all of
seq = 0
puts "received packet " , packet, " from ", from
Sent fwrite request, waiting for response
return a non-nil response unless there is data to be read on the socket?

I’d appreciate any help that folks can provide, even if it’s just a
pointer to some other documentation that I should read. From what I’ve
read, IO.select() should do what I want, though?

Thanks,
Reid

What happens if you set non-blocking on the socket and try to catch an
exception on the recv?

require ‘fcntl’

s = UDPSocket.new

s.fcntl(Fcntl::F_SETFL, s.fcntl(Fcntl::F_GETFL) | Fcntl::O_NONBLOCK)

begin

packet, from = s.recvfrom(2048,0)

rescue StandardError => e
puts “Waarg: #{e}”
next
end

Sam

Sam D. wrote in post #1036445:

What happens if you set non-blocking on the socket and try to catch an
exception on the recv?

require ‘fcntl’

s = UDPSocket.new

s.fcntl(Fcntl::F_SETFL, s.fcntl(Fcntl::F_GETFL) | Fcntl::O_NONBLOCK)

begin

packet, from = s.recvfrom(2048,0)

rescue StandardError => e
puts “Waarg: #{e}”
next
end

Hi Sam -

Thanks for the help.

I am confused, because my program still blocks on the call to
s.recvfrom(). I tossed a puts before and after the ‘s.recvfrom()’ call
and sure enough, it is still pausing for 5 seconds inside of the try
block. This in spite of the O_NONBLOCK. And for sanity I did a few
other printy things to be sure that my program is using the modified
version of the library.

Is there any known goofiness to ruby 1.8.7’s IO not working correctly?
The behavior that I’m seeing seems really…odd.

Thanks again,
Reid

On 14/12/11 05:20, Reid W. wrote:

s.fcntl(Fcntl::F_SETFL, s.fcntl(Fcntl::F_GETFL) | Fcntl::O_NONBLOCK)

Is there any known goofiness to ruby 1.8.7’s IO not working correctly?
The behavior that I’m seeing seems really…odd.

Thanks again,
Reid

And you said that changing the recv buffer size (2**16) made no
difference? How about specifying Socket::MSG_TRUNC in the flags to see
if the whole datagram didn’t make it (man recv(2)/ recvfrom(2))? Or
maybe try reading the header (I read it is four bytes) to find the data
length and then a subsequent read for the rest based on that? Sorry, I’m
clutching at straws, but I’m curious to see what you find. I found some
old forum posts with people discussing non-blocking UPD sockets in Ruby,
but they gave up and used event machine before the issue was resolved
which is a shame.

Looking at s_recvfrom and s_recvfrom_nonblock in socket.c the main
difference appears to be that the non-block version sets MSG_DONTWAIT if
defined, and then uses rb_io_set_nonblock from io.c to do the fcntl
shuffle. The blocking version has a retry loop which sits in
rb_io_wait_readable on the socket fd. I would definitely use the
nonblock one when fiddling around just to rule out ever getting into
that rb_io_wait_readable which is just another select.

For what it is worth, neither of those functions appear to have changed
between ruby-1.8.6-p420, ruby-1.8.7-p352, and ruby-1.9.3-p0.

Sam

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