Dynamic Object Instantiation


#1

I’m sure this question has been asked and answered in the past, but
googling
and searching the list archives isn’t getting me much. It’s probably a
case
of me not searching correctly. So, if someone has a pointer on that
front,
let me know.

Basically, I want a class to dynamically load and instantiate objects.
Here’s the code that is supposed to do that:

ComponentGatherer.rb

class ComponentGatherer

def initialize()
@@components = []
Dir.foreach( File.dirname( FILE ) ){|x|
next unless x =~ /component.rb$/i
x.gsub!( “.rb”, “” )
require “#{x}”
@@components.push( x )
}
end

def components
@@components.each{ |x|
test = x.new()
# Blah, blah, blah
}
end
end

Locating and requring the files seems to be working fine, it’s when the
component() call is made that I’m a bit lost. I have to
*Component.rbfiles, they look like this:

MyOtherComponent.rb

class MyOtherTestComponent

attr :test

def initialize()
self.test = 2
end
end

The error I get from the components() method is:

undefined method `new’ for “MyOtherTestComponent”:String
(NoMethodError)

I understand what the error is saying, but I’m not sure how to call
new() on
“x” above such that it returns an object of the requested class. Any
help
is appreciated.

Regards,

Troy D.


#2

Troy D. wrote:

end
Locating and requring the files seems to be working fine, it’s when the
self.test = 2

Regards,

Troy D.

If there is a way to map from the file name to the class name (in this
example, it would map “MyOtherComponent.rb” to “MyOtherTestComponent”),
then you can do this first, and then use const_get to get the class:

x = “MyOtherComponent.rb”
x.gsub(/.rb$/, “”)
x.gsub(/Component/, “TestComponent”)
cl = Kernel.const_get x
obj = cl.new

But it’s sometimes difficult to enforce this filename/classname
consistency.

I prefer something like this:

http://blade.nagaokaut.ac.jp/cgi-bin/scat.rb/ruby/ruby-talk/181735

It still uses const_get, but it wraps the component inside a module, so
that the global namespace doesn’t get polluted, and you can query for
the class that was defined in a file without mucking around with the
file name.

HTH.


#3

Thanks for the followup. I also figured out how to search and found
this:

http://blade.nagaokaut.ac.jp/cgi-bin/scat.rb/ruby/ruby-talk/13414?help-en

Which also helps.

Thanks.