Diamond-Square (#198)

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Diamond-Square (#198)

Guten Tag Rubyists,

Following in the same vein as last week’s quiz I present to you the
diamond-square algorithm. Instead of one dimensional terrain as
last week, the random terrain generated by this algorithm is in two
dimensions. Visual displays are again encouraged.

The secret to this algorithm is that there are two phases for
generating the new random values: from the diagonals (diamond) and
from the adjacents (square). This makes the generated terrain smoother
and prevents artifacts from generating solely by the adjacents.

Once equipped with these terrain generation algorithms, making ruby
based Elf/Goblin/Tanks simulations will be a breeze!

There is now a suggestion form up on the Ruby Q. website:
http://rubyquiz.strd6.com/suggestions . I’m looking forward to all of

Have Fun!

Since there were no solutions submitted on the mailing list this week
I’ve included a solution of my own.

``````class DiamondSquare
def self.rando
rand() - 0.5
end

def self.go(times)
arrays = [[0.5]]

ratio = 2

times.times do
arrays.map! do |array|
insert_nils(array)
end
arrays = insert_arrays(arrays)
compute_from_diagonals(arrays) {|a, b, c, d| (a + b + c +
``````

d)/4 + randoratio}
compute_from_adjacents(arrays) {|a, b, c, d| (a + b + c +
d)/4 + rando
ratio}
ratio *= 0.5
end

``````    return arrays
end

def self.insert_arrays(arrays)
new_arrays = []
arrays.size.times do |i|
array = arrays[i]
new_arrays.push array, Array.new(array.size, 0.0)
end
return new_arrays
end

def self.insert_nils(array)
new_array = []
array.size.times do |i|
new_array.push(array[i], 0.0)
end
return new_array
end

n = arrays.size
n.times do |row|
n.times do |col|
next if (row + col) % 2 == 0
arrays[row][col] =
yield(arrays[(row-1)%n][col], arrays[row][(col-1)%n],
arrays[row][(col+1)%n], arrays[(row+1)%n][col])
end
end
end

def self.compute_from_diagonals(arrays)
n = arrays.size
n.times do |row|
next if row % 2 == 0
n.times do |col|
next if col % 2 == 0
arrays[row][col] =
yield(arrays[(row-1)%n][(col-1)%n],
``````

arrays[(row-1)%n][(col+1)%n],
arrays[(row+1)%n][(col-1)%n],
arrays[(row+1)%n][(col+1)%n])
end
end
end

``````  def self.print_arrays(arrays)
i = 0
arrays.each do |array|
print "%4d: " % i
array.each do |ele|
print '%1.3f ' % ele
end
i += 1
puts
end
puts '---------------------------------------'
end
end
``````

I actually wrote it almost a year ago to generate the terrain for
Dungeon Farmer. It’s kind of clunky, but it has its merits. Some
start with a full sized array it starts with a small array (very small
actually, 1x1) and inserts empty elements to be filled in before each
step. This causes the array to double in width and height at each
iteration.

The `compute_from_diagonals` and `compute_from_adjacents` methods
yield the four adjacent or diagonal cells so that you can easily
change the nature of the computation. The cells wrap around in a
toroidal manner to make it easy to compute the values on the edges.

It was fun to make and I hope you find it interesting!

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