Deleting empty directories

Hello,

I’m putting together a script to automatically update a repository
working copy. The
scenario is such that the versioned working copy itself is not being
modified, but I am
simply rsync’ing changes from an unversioned source (i.e. just a bunch
of directories),
and then committing (and then tagging) those files. It sounds weird, I
know, but it’s just
temporary. Honest.

Anyway, the need has arisen to delete empty directory heirarchies (rsync
will delete the
files but not the directories because of the .svn subdirs). What I’ve
done so far is this:

require ‘fileutils’

def empty_dirs
@current.collect do |f|
f if (File.directory?(f) && Dir.glob("#{f}/*").empty?)
end.compact
end

def remove_empty_dirs
while not empty_dirs.empty?
empty_dirs.each {|d| FileUtils.rm_rf(d)}
end
end

where the @current contains the updated list of files in my versioned
working copy after I
rsync’d, but before I started comparing the changes in my working copy.
I created a dummy
repository with a relatively complicated heirarchy of directories to
test the above and it
seems to work. However, two things bug me:

Firstly, in empty_dirs, I think

f if (File.directory?(f) && Dir.glob("#{f}/*").empty?)

looks ugly. My limited experience is that if something looks ugly it can
usually be
expressed better. I haven’t used collect too much either, so its
intricacies escape me.

Secondly, I prefer not to test for negatives, as in

while not empty_dirs.empty?

I also would rather not have an open loop either, but if a directory
contains empty
subdirectories, the parent directory is not considered empty, and etc.
etc. As you can
probably tell, recursion is not my strong point.

Would any kind soul out there care to provide any pointers for cleaning
up the methods above?

Thanks for any info,

cheers,

paulv

p.s. BTW, I think the remove_empty_dirs method still needs to remove the
deleted
directories from @current to prevent them being tested again in the next
call to empty_dirs.

Hi –

On Wed, 29 Aug 2007, Paul van Delst wrote:

I’ve done so far is this:
while not empty_dirs.empty?
Firstly, in empty_dirs, I think

f if (File.directory?(f) && Dir.glob("#{f}/*").empty?)

looks ugly. My limited experience is that if something looks ugly it can
usually be expressed better. I haven’t used collect too much either, so its
intricacies escape me.

You’re currently using collect plus compact, but you can actually just
use select. (That’s not a general equivalence, but in this case it
applies.)

@current.select do |f|
File.directory?(f) && Dir["#{f}/*"].empty?
end

I’d be inclined to break things out a little. (Untested code follows
– please test on expendable data :slight_smile:

require ‘fileutils’

def dirs
@current.select {|f| File.dir?(f) }
end

def empty_dirs
dirs.select {|d| Dir["#{d}/*"].empty? }
end

def non_empty_dirs
dirs - empty_dirs
end

def remove_empty_dirs
non_empty_dirs.each {|d| FileUtils.rm_rf(d) }
end

Secondly, I prefer not to test for negatives, as in

while not empty_dirs.empty?

You can use until instead of while not.

paulv

p.s. BTW, I think the remove_empty_dirs method still needs to remove the
deleted directories from @current to prevent them being tested again in the
next call to empty_dirs.

Or you can reset @current before each call, or some combination. I
haven’t done either in my sample code; I’m just assuming that @current
is what it should be, but you’ll definitely have to factor that in.

David

[email protected] wrote:

Hi –

On Wed, 29 Aug 2007, Paul van Delst wrote:

[snip]

end

def remove_empty_dirs
while not empty_dirs.empty?
empty_dirs.each {|d| FileUtils.rm_rf(d)}
end
end

[snip…asking for a better way]

def non_empty_dirs
dirs - empty_dirs
end

def remove_empty_dirs
non_empty_dirs.each {|d| FileUtils.rm_rf(d) }
end

Hello,

Excellent! David, thanks very much. The extra reduction of tasks is
exactly what I was
looking for (it certainly is a skill that I am having difficulty
mastering).

I changed the remove_empty_dirs to a) remove the empty, not non-empty,
dirs (! :o), and b)
modify the @current file list:

def remove_empty_dirs
until empty_dirs.empty?
empty_dirs.each do |d|
@current.delete(d)
FileUtils.rm_rf(d)
end
end
end

Again, thanks very much.

cheers,

paulv

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