Cygwin Rails issues "/dev/urandom" not found

Hey,

I’m trying to install ruby on rails on windows xp with cygwin. I
installed the rails gem but when I go to create an application I get
the following : “No such file or directory - /dev/urandom” the error
seems to be coming form secret_key_generator.rb line 22. But I can’t
find a file of that name

Thanks

Hi,

Apparently the /dev/urandom file does not ‘exist’ in cygwin, but you can
do stuff with it, i.e. `cat /dev/urandom’ (although don’t try this, cos
it tends to mess things up a bit).

In any case, things like File.exists?(’/dev/urandom’) in
‘secret_key_generator.rb’ file fail.

So I changed all the occurences of ‘if File.exists?(’/dev/urandom’)’ to
‘if true’. Still it would fail on: ‘File.read("/dev/urandom",
64).unpack(“H*”)[0]’

Now don’t ask me why (it’s only my 3rd day with Ruby, and 1st day with
Rails), works for me if I put this line before the File.read() :

def generate_secret_with_urandom
  puts "Before Read"
  return File.read("/dev/urandom", 64).unpack("H*")[0]
end

et voila, it works. I don’t know why it works (yet), but it does ;), I
now have cygwin + ruby (the cygwin one) + gem + rails working.

I even checked if the “secret” returned is different every time, and it
is. It’s an oddity, and I’ll have to fix it every time I update to a new
version of Rails, but I’m hoping to be more of an expert by the time an
update is released :wink:

-Marcin Jekot

jjburka wrote:

Hey,

I’m trying to install ruby on rails on windows xp with cygwin. I
installed the rails gem but when I go to create an application I get
the following : “No such file or directory - /dev/urandom” the error
seems to be coming form secret_key_generator.rb line 22. But I can’t
find a file of that name

Thanks

What Marcin said works - I just wanted to simplify the steps:

  1. locate the file secret_key_generator.rb inside cygwin directory (in
    my case - c:\cygwin\lib\ruby\gems\1.8\gems\rails-2.0.2\lib
    \rails_generator)
  2. find “def generate_secret_with_urandom” (line #85 in Rails 2.0.2)
  3. copy the line just below “def generate_…”:
    puts “Before Read”
  4. save the file and it should work

Hope it helps

The files in /dev don’t exist by default under cygwin. Instead cygwin
internally handles reading and writing to them specially. See
http://www.cygwin.com/cygwin-ug-net/using-specialnames.html for more
info. There is also a script to create the dev files.

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