Complete Newbie - Matrix Question

Hi Folks,
This is probably quite easy, but I can’t find a Matrix function or way
to populate a specific element of a matrix with a given value? ie, I
want to tell that element i,j of matrix.a should be 3
My code below is a simple test to populate a 5 by 5 matrix from values
in a CSV text file. The loops etc are messy, but it’s just an example.

require “mathn”
i=1
j=1
a = Matrix.zero(5)
File.open(“TestData.txt”).each do |record|
record.split(",").each do |field|
field.chomp!
if i<5 then
Matrix.a(i,j)=field # <-------------How do I
do this line?
end
if i = 5 then
i = 1
j=j+1
end
i=i+1
end
end
puts a.to_s

Any Help/pointers would be great.
TIA.
Jay.

Jay wrote:

Hi Folks,
This is probably quite easy, but I can’t find a Matrix function or way
to populate a specific element of a matrix with a given value? ie, I
want to tell that element i,j of matrix.a should be 3


#!/usr/bin/ruby -w

require ‘mathn’

class Matrix
def []=(i,j,v)
@rows[i][j] = v
end
end

m = Matrix.zero(5)

m[2,2] = 3

p m

Based on the documentation at ruby-doc.org, I would think that the
following would work for versions 1.8.5 and later. But my version of
Ruby, 1.8.4, does not seem to support it. Here it is:

a[i, j] = field

One potential solution would be to put your data into an Array
initially, and then convert it to a Matrix at the end. Assuming a is
an Array, the following would work:

m = Matrix.rows(a)

By the way, a bit further down you have a conditional:

if i = 5

which should be:

if i == 5

Brock Lee

Hi

Once I had the same problem and proposed the following functions
to be appended to standard matrix and vector classes (but they
weren’t ;-( ):

Extending standard Matrix and Vector Classes to write directly

class Matrix

# setting one single element
def []=(i, j, val)
    @rows[i][j] = val
end

# setting one row
def set_row(i,*row)
    case row[0]
        when Vector
            @rows[i] = row[0].to_a
        when Array
            @rows[i] = row[0]
        else    # list of scalars
            @rows[i] = row
    end
end

# setting one column
def set_column(j,*column)
    case column[0]
        when Vector, Array
            @rows.collect{|row|
                row[j] = column[0][j]
            }
        else
            @rows.collect{|row|
                row[j] = column[j]
            }
    end
end

end

class Vector
# setting one single element
def []=(i, val)
@elements[i] = val
end

# clear vector
def Vector.zero(n)
    new(:init_elements, Array.new(n,0),
        copy = false)
end

end

Hope this helps…

JA