Class variable confusion


#1

Hi,

Could someone explain how i get this to work please:

module Keith
def self.greeting
@greeting ||= “hello”
end
def self.greeting=(value)
puts “updating knowledge”
@greeting = value
end
def self.speak
puts greeting
end
def self.learn_ruby
self.greeting = “ruby”
end
def self.learn_french
learn_language(greeting, “bonjour”)
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
puts prop.inspect
prop = value
puts prop.inspect
#p =
value
end
end

Keith.speak
Keith.learn_ruby
Keith.learn_french
Keith.speak

This outputs:

hello
updating knowledge
“ruby”
“bonjour”
ruby

I can’t for the life of me get it to work…

many thanks
keith


#2

Or more simply, i would like this to update the variable @greeting, when
i call Keith.learn_french:

module Keith
def self.greeting
@greeting ||= “hello”
end
def self.greeting=(value)
puts “updating knowledge”
@greeting = value
end
def self.speak
puts greeting
end
def self.learn_french
learn_language(greeting, “bonjour”)
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
prop = value
end
end

Keith.speak
Keith.learn_french
Keith.speak

But the only way i can get it to work is using this:

module Keith
def self.greeting
@greeting ||= “hello”
end
def self.greeting=(value)
puts “updating knowledge”
@greeting = value
end
def self.speak
puts greeting
end
def self.learn_french
self.greeting = learn_language(greeting, “bonjour”)
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
prop = value
end
end

Keith.speak
Keith.learn_french
Keith.speak

Which is basically the same as:

module Keith
def self.greeting
@greeting ||= “hello”
end
def self.greeting=(value)
puts “updating knowledge”
@greeting = value
end
def self.speak
puts greeting
end
def self.learn_french
self.greeting = “bonjour”
end
end

Keith.speak
Keith.learn_french
Keith.speak


#3

On Thu, Apr 23, 2009 at 4:01 PM, Keith S.
removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

end
def self.speak
puts greeting
end
def self.learn_french
learn_language(greeting, “bonjour”)

Here, you are calling the greeting method (which returns “hello”)

end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
prop = value

Here you are reassigning a local variable, which goes out of scope
when the method ends.
Try this:

jesus@jesus-laptop:~/temp/ruby$ ruby class_variables.rb
hello
bonjour

jesus@jesus-laptop:~/temp/ruby$ cat class_variables.rb
module Keith
def self.greeting
@greeting ||= “hello”
end
def self.greeting=(value)
puts “updating knowledge”
@greeting = value
end
def self.speak
puts greeting
end
def self.learn_french
learn_language(:@greeting, “bonjour”)
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
instance_variable_set(prop, value)
end
end

Keith.speak
Keith.learn_french
Keith.speak

or if you want to call the self.greeting= method, try this variation:

def self.learn_french
learn_language(:greeting, “bonjour”)
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
send("#{prop}=", value)
end

Hope this helps,

Jesus.


#4

Hi –

Keith S. wrote:

Jesús Gabriel y Galán wrote:

Hope this helps,

Jesus.

Legend

Thankyou!!

It’s worth mentioning that none of the code in this thread contains any
class variables. What you’ve got are instance variables (belonging to a
class object). Class variables look like @@this.

David


#5

Jesús Gabriel y Galán wrote:

Hope this helps,

Jesus.

Legend

Thankyou!!


#6

On Apr 23, 2009, at 10:01 AM, Keith S. wrote:

@greeting = value
end
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)

end
def self.learn_french
self.greeting = “bonjour”
end
end

Keith.speak
Keith.learn_french
Keith.speak

Posted via http://www.ruby-forum.com/.

Keeping the other methods the same:

module Keith
def self.learn_french
learn_language(:greeting, “bonjour”)
end
def self.learn_language(prop, value)
self.send("#{prop}=", value)
end
end

irb> Keith.speak
hello
=> nil
irb> Keith.learn_french
updating knowledge
=> “bonjour”
irb> Keith.speak
bonjour
=> nil

Although I’d think that you’d be better with a Speaker class and do:
Keith = Speaker.new
Then you’d be dealing with instance variables on instances of the
Speaker class rather than instance variables on the Keith module.
Contrary to what you might think, you don’t have class variables in
your code. (Those would be @@greeting)

-Rob

Rob B. http://agileconsultingllc.com
removed_email_address@domain.invalid