Calling methods from within singleton class

I’d like some clarification on the following simple examples.

class Foo
self
end # Foo

class << Foo
self
end # #Class:Foo

No surprise there. In the first case I’m defining the class and
returning self, which of course is the class, and in the second it’s
the singleton class.

class << Foo
def foo
“foo”
end
end

Now I can call Foo.foo as expected. It could have just as easily been
def Foo.foo
“foo”
end

However, I can’t do
class << Foo
foo
end

to call it. It results in “NameError: undefined local variable or
method `foo’ for #Class:Foo”. What’s the difference?

Pat

On 11/25/06, Pat M. [email protected] wrote:

class << Foo
def foo
“foo”
end
end

This defines a `foo’ method on instances of Foo’s singleton class,
namely Foo.

class << Foo
foo
end

… NameError …

This calls `foo’ on Foo’s singleton class, not Foo.

Note that “#Class:Foo” is #inspect-ese for “Foo’s singleton class”,
not “Foo”… :wink:

G.

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