Best practice to require external code dependency?

Hi Rubyist,

I’m trying to summarize what I’ve read about requiring external code
dependencies/gems without making wrong assumptions about the
environment:

I’ve end up with the following method:

Do you see “enhancement of” / “agreement about” such a pattern? Any
reading
I should further read ??

Thanks
B

On Jan 14, 6:46am, Bernard L. [email protected] wrote:

Do you see “enhancement of” / “agreement about” such a pattern? Any reading
I should further read ??

Use plain require.

If you’re working from Rake, which is already a gem, it will load
rubygems so no need for you to do the require.

Also, having gem ‘abc’, ‘>= 0’ is the same as doing the require of
that gem directly (it will always load the latest version), having
‘gem’ in your code makes it already dependent on RubyGems, which
breaks the statements in your first link.

I normally don’t define any gem method in my libraries since my
dependencies will be loaded with the require (in case I’m creating a
gem that depends on other, RubyGems will active these dependencies
before I do require)

Thanks Luis,

  • If I write a pure library, your answer makes sense as the dependencies
    will be managed as you say.
  • The same is true when the code is invoked by rake, ok.
  • What if I have a bin/foo executable? Should I make something special
    there
    if I have version requirements on external libs ??

Thanks again!
B

On Jan 14, 11:02am, Bernard L. [email protected] wrote:

  • What if I have a bin/foo executable? Should I make something special there
    if I have version requirements on external libs ??

Actually no.

RubyGems will wrap your bin/foo script with a loader that looks like
this:

require ‘rubygems’

version = “>= 0”

if ARGV.first =~ /^(.*)$/ and Gem::Version.correct? $1 then
version = $1
ARGV.shift
end

gem ‘mygem’, version
load Gem.bin_path(‘mygem’, ‘foo’, version)

So your foo script don’t need to require rubygems.

And when developing, if you run through rspec, it will already load
rubygems for you.

If you want to test from the command line, then you can:

ruby -rrubygems -Ilib bin/foo

Or simple put RUBYOPT=-rrubygems

and have ruby -Ilib bin/foo

So, under your environment will have rubygems and nowhere in your
code.

On Jan 14, 11:26am, Bernard L. [email protected] wrote:

ruby -rrubygems bin/foo

How are version requirements met in that scenario? I assume they are not and
that rubygems will load last versions of all gems?

They are not. Up to you deal with the dependencies.

Should I configure rvm’s gemsets on my devel computer ? or do you use
Bundler to manage that case ??

Don’t add bundler code to your library either, as bundler depends on
RubyGems, you can:

ruby -rrubygems -rbundler/setup bin/foo

Above line will work on 1.9, but not on Ruby 1.8.x

Either you need a wrapper script to do this:

ruby -Ilib -rrubygems -e “require ‘bundler/setup’; load ‘bin/foo’”

I can’t comment more on Bundler as I don’t use it, sorry.

I see (I was currently re-reading https://gist.github.com/54177, which
is
clear in fact – my apologies).

I understand that users of my library will have a good foo executable
that
works fine :slight_smile:

Now, as a developer I would like to be able to run (no rake, no rspec,
and
so on):

ruby -rrubygems bin/foo

How are version requirements met in that scenario? I assume they are not
and
that rubygems will load last versions of all gems?

Should I configure rvm’s gemsets on my devel computer ? or do you use
Bundler to manage that case ??

Thanks again for clarification!
B

Thanks a lot Luis, it makes things a lot clearer for me!!

For the sake of history, the initial code I was refering to in my first
message is now here:

https://gist.github.com/779830

B