ActiveRecord Migration question


#1

I have a database table, users, which has a referrer_id column. This
column maps back to the users table to denote the user who referred
this record. How can I accomplish this type of reference with the
t.references call in my create_table without needing to create some
sort of crazy (and unnecessary) intermediate table? I’d like the
column name to remain referrer_id so the intention of the column is
clear.

Thanks,
Matt


#2

On Nov 16, 7:51 pm, mlb5000 removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

I have a database table, users, which has a referrer_id column. This
column maps back to the users table to denote the user who referred
this record. How can I accomplish this type of reference with the
t.references call in my create_table without needing to create some
sort of crazy (and unnecessary) intermediate table? I’d like the
column name to remain referrer_id so the intention of the column is
clear.

I’m not sure I understand - you’ve already got the column so why are
you worrying about the migration ?
t.references doesn’t do any magic - it just adds _id to the end and
creates a column of the right type (IIRC in recent versions of rails
if it’s also generating the model class it will insert the belongs_to
into the model too)

Anyway the point is that the migration is dumb, it just adds a column.
In terms of making that association work your association will need to
specify the :class_name option and so on.

Fred


#3

So from my understanding of what you’re saying, this would be the line
in the migration: t.integer :referrer_id
then the users class:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
has_one :referrer, :class_name => user
end

?

I guess it was misleading to say that the column exists. I’ve created
the database schema via diagrams and am now trying to map it using
migrations. Soft of an exercise for me to learn about all this.

Thanks,
Matt

On Nov 16, 3:09 pm, Frederick C. removed_email_address@domain.invalid


#4

On Nov 16, 8:27 pm, mlb5000 removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

So from my understanding of what you’re saying, this would be the line
in the migration: t.integer :referrer_id
then the users class:

that would do it.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
has_one :referrer, :class_name => user
end
First off the class_name option should be a string ie :class_name =>
‘User’).
Secondly, that should be a belongs_to, ie.
belongs_to :referrer, :class_name => ‘User’ - if the foreign key is
part of the record in question then it’s a belongs to (this
distinction is clearer if it’s not an association on the same table).
You might also want a second association that tells you all the people
that a given user has referred, for that you’d need something along
the lines of

has_many :somethings, :class_name => ‘User’, :foreign_key =>
‘referrer_id’

Fred


#5

On Nov 16, 8:46 pm, mlb5000 removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

The users table also has a country_id column, so inside the User class
I also have

belongs_to :country

exactly right.

Fred


#6

Great, this is actually exactly what I needed. And just to check my
understanding:

belongs_to is used if this object (table) holds the referencing key
has_one is used if the object (table) you are referencing holds they
key back to your id

As in:

The users table also has a country_id column, so inside the User class
I also have

belongs_to :country

Correct?

Thanks,
Matt

On Nov 16, 3:33 pm, Frederick C. removed_email_address@domain.invalid