Accessing variables/constants from another file


#1

How can i access “myvariable” in the provided code from

Say constants.rb has the following code

Module

myvariable = ‘foo’

end

And another file driver.rb has following code

require constants

class myclass < food

def busted
#how can i call ‘myvariable’ constant here?

end

end

Also, if you can tell me what exactly is the difference between require
and include, that would be great help. I don’t see any clear
explanation anywhere for the above.


#2

Hi –

On Wed, 8 Mar 2006, removed_email_address@domain.invalid wrote:

And another file driver.rb has following code
end
The whole idea of “local” variables is to be local :slight_smile: If you want
something to be visible between files, you should make it a constant
or a method:

constants.rb:

module M
def M.my_value
“foo”
end
end

driver.rb:

require ‘constants’

class MyClass < Food
def not_busted
myvariable = M.myvalue
# etc.
end
end

or something like that.

Also, if you can tell me what exactly is the difference between require
and include, that would be great help. I don’t see any clear
explanation anywhere for the above.

“require” reads in a file (either a Ruby file or a compiled file for a
C extension). “include” mixes a module into a class or into another
module. So the usual sequence is require, then include: first you
read in the file that defines a module (like M in my example), then
you do something with the module (in my example I just used a method
in it, but you can also “include” modules).

David


David A. Black (removed_email_address@domain.invalid)
Ruby Power and Light, LLC (http://www.rubypowerandlight.com)

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