Forum: Ruby How to compile Ruby on Windows

2fd7da15e7269755898a267dfa095583?d=identicon&s=25 AlphaBeta (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 15:25
Does anybody have a kind of "step by step" instructions on how to
compile Ruby on Windows? (I don't need the one click installer). I have
VC+ 2003 toolkit and .net 1.1 sdk but I'm not really sure how to get the
.exe release out of the source. I've read the other threads but none of
them really explain how to complile it.

Thank you in advance. AlphaBeta
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 15:39
(Received via mailing list)
I've been down this path but had a few problems and gave up.
Basically I could do it with Visual Studio 6 but failed with vc2003.  My
main problem after this though was that while I got it to compile under
VS6,
I then couldn't use RUDL (separate package) because it complained about
"require__" when I tried to start my app.

It does kind of back up one of my issues which I've raised before, that
Windows (which so many people use) doesn't have an "official" release
for
Windows, and we are dependant on Curt's (very fine) work to provide the
one-click-installer.  Which quite understandably he does in his spare
time.

A proper, official, supported "how-to" with the correct
build-environment
configs, versions of tools (MAKE, LIB etc.) and so on would be great.
That
way we could at least all be "singing from the same sheet".

Glenn
(wearing a flameproof suit!)



On 15/03/06, AlphaBeta <idontwantspam@idontlikespam.com> wrote:
> Posted via http://www.ruby-forum.com/.
>
>


--

All the best
Glenn
Aylesbury, UK
89dc62dd0a40f43a75d73e8059d61a91?d=identicon&s=25 Daniel Völkerts (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 16:44
(Received via mailing list)
Glenn Smith schrieb:

> A proper, official, supported "how-to" with the correct build-environment
> configs, versions of tools (MAKE, LIB etc.) and so on would be great.  That
> way we could at least all be "singing from the same sheet".

+1 But I suggest a ruby-dev list in english, as my japanese is very poor
;) The summaries are fine but they don't provide any further help. If I
had an english discussion list, I properbly able to collect the
information I need. So the chance that someone writes a tutorial or
HOWTO will increase.

g,
25e11a00a89683f7e01e425a1a6e305c?d=identicon&s=25 Wilson Bilkovich (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 18:10
(Received via mailing list)
On 3/15/06, Daniel Völkerts <daniel@voelkerts.de> wrote:
> HOWTO will increase.
>

Download and install the following:
1. Visual C++ Toolkit 2003 (free)
http://msdn.microsoft.com/visualc/vctoolkit2003/

2. MS Platform SDK 2003 (free. Uncheck everything but the "Core"
entry. You want everything under Core, even if you don't have a 64bit
machine. Some of the important tools are only part of the 64bit
section.)
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?Fa...

3. MS .NET Framework 1.1 (a prerequisite for #4)
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?fa...

4. MS .NET SDK 1.1 (not 2.0.)
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?fa...

Once you've downloaded and installed these, you'll need to configure
your environment variables.  Here's what my vcvars32.bat file looks
like: (Sorry about the line breaks. You'll need to remove those.)

@echo off
Set PATH=C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual C++ Toolkit
2003\bin;C:\Program Files\Microsoft Platform SDK\Bin;C:\Program
Files\Microsoft Platform SDK\Bin\win64\x86\AMD64;%PATH%
Set INCLUDE=C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual C++ Toolkit
2003\include;C:\Program Files\Microsoft Platform
SDK\Include;C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET
2003\Vc7\include;%INCLUDE%
Set LIB=C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual C++ Toolkit
2003\lib;C:\Program Files\Microsoft Platform SDK\Lib;C:\Program
Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003\Vc7\lib;%LIB%

Those should be the default installation folders for the Microsoft
tools, but if you put them elsewhere, simply modify the batch file to
suit.  Note that you need the AMD64 tools in your path even if you
have a 32bit machine. For some crazy reason, that's where Microsoft
put some of the important tools.

Download the latest Ruby release from:
http://www.ruby-lang.org/en/20020102.html
You can either get the 1.8.4 release, or the 'stable snapshot', which
includes fixes since the last release. The first time you try to get
this working, I recommend the regular release.

Uncompress the download into a folder that doesn't have any spaces in
the name.
For the purposes of this howto, let's say that's c:\ruby-src\
If I explained myself clearly, you will now have a folder called
c:\ruby-src\ruby-1.8.4\, with various things under it, including
c:\ruby-src\ruby-1.8.4\win32\
If you download a different release than 1.8.4, that folder name might
be different.

To avoid cluttering up this directory with temporary files, we'll do
the actual build elsewhere.
Make a folder called c:\ruby-src\build\

Open a command prompt by clicking a shortcut, or typing "cmd" into the
Start -> Run prompt.
Run the "vcvars32.bat" file you made earlier, which will add the
Microsoft tools to your environment.  This means, by the way, that it
should be somewhere in your default PATH.

==== SCARY HACK SECTION ====
The Microsoft tools previously included a pair of utilities, "lib" and
"dumpbin", which acted as front-ends for the "link.exe" command.
Luckily, the 64bit directory in the Platform SDK includes "lib.exe",
but we still need to deal with dumpbin.exe. Sadly, none of the free
downloads seem to include it.
Ruby 1.9/2.0 shouldn't have this problem, and you can skip this step
if you have the full Visual Studio 2003.

Go to c:\ruby-src\ruby-1.8.4\win32\, and edit the following file:
mkexports.rb
On line 6, change the command inside the double-quotes of IO.foreach.
change: "|dumpbin -symbols "
to: "|link /dump /symbols "
Don't forget the space at the end.
==== END SCARY HACK ====

Change your current directory to c:\ruby-src\build\
Run the following commands, in order:
c:\ruby-src\ruby-1.8.4\win32\configure.bat (yes, you need to refer to
it by its full path.)
nmake
nmake test
nmake DESTDIR=c:/ruby install
The final command allows you to specify where you actually want Ruby
to be installed.
Note the forward slash instead of backslash.
There are more examples in the README.win32 file, found in the
c:\ruby-src\ruby-1.8.4\win32\ folder.

So simple, even a child could operate it!
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 20:21
(Received via mailing list)
Blimey!

And on Linux?  ./configure; make; sudo make install

:o)



I accept that you know what you are talking about Wilson, but surely
there
is a much easier way?  And bear in mind that what we are wanting to
achieve
here is a compile-on-windows FAQ that is standard so that all of the
various
ruby libraries will also work.

Is there no single-downloadable compiler that will compile, link and
install
(ie. provider compiler, linker and make tool) that will provide good
executables with reasonable performance and minimal hassle?

Glenn






On 15/03/06, Wilson Bilkovich <wilsonb@gmail.com> wrote:
> > +1 But I suggest a ruby-dev list in english, as my japanese is very poor
> 2. MS Platform SDK 2003 (free. Uncheck everything but the "Core"
> 4. MS .NET SDK 1.1 (not 2.0.)
> Files\Microsoft Platform SDK\Bin\win64\x86\AMD64;%PATH%
> suit.  Note that you need the AMD64 tools in your path even if you
> name.
>
> but we still need to deal with dumpbin.exe. Sadly, none of the free
> ==== END SCARY HACK ====
> Note the forward slash instead of backslash.
> There are more examples in the README.win32 file, found in the
> c:\ruby-src\ruby-1.8.4\win32\ folder.
>
> So simple, even a child could operate it!
>
>


--

All the best
Glenn
Aylesbury, UK
31ab75f7ddda241830659630746cdd3a?d=identicon&s=25 Austin Ziegler (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 20:59
(Received via mailing list)
On 3/15/06, Glenn Smith <glenn.ruby@gmail.com> wrote:
> Is there no single-downloadable compiler that will compile, link and install
> (ie. provider compiler, linker and make tool) that will provide good
> executables with reasonable performance and minimal hassle?

No. Of the choices, MSYS/MINGW is going to work most like Unix. MSVC6
is no longer available for legal download. But...

VS.NET (2002 & 2003) & VS (2005) use a later MSVC runtime DLL (7, 7.1,
and 8.0) that are different than the MSVC6 runtime DLL. The MSVC8 DLL
is significantly different even than VS.NET (7, 7.1).

I am also working, in fits and starts, on compile instructions for cl
14 (VS 2005) with the currently-free Express version. This will be
something that ultimately can go through the entire Ruby build process
and build something like the one-click installer for you.

-austin
33ec7e55a251c1be8d6febfd929aebbe?d=identicon&s=25 Greg Kujawa (gregarican)
on 2006-03-15 21:21
(Received via mailing list)
Austin Ziegler wrote:

> something that ultimately can go through the entire Ruby build process
> and build something like the one-click installer for you.
>
>
> -austin

This sounds pretty complicated as a DIY solution or a project goal. I
certainly applaud your efforts in accomplishing this. Seeing that
Microsoft's runtime distros are a moving target it doesn't appear to be
a no-brainer for sure :-)

While exploring other programming languages I downloaded EiffelStudio
for Windows last month. This took awhile to download and certainly took
awhile to build, but the process was automated and required little
interaction on the enduser's part. If I am not mistaken the
installation routine actually pulled in its own Borland C Compiler
directory tree to do the build. Since BCC was packaged within the
installation routine all of the compiler/linker environmental
conditions were inherently set. Not that I particularly found Eiffel to
be an enjoyable language, but at least the installation/build on
Windows was a no-brainer.
31ab75f7ddda241830659630746cdd3a?d=identicon&s=25 Austin Ziegler (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 21:27
(Received via mailing list)
On 3/15/06, gregarican <greg.kujawa@gmail.com> wrote:
> > I am also working, in fits and starts, on compile instructions for cl
> a no-brainer for sure :-)
Did I say "instructions?"

This will also include batch files to do certain things.

Most things, in fact. Since the VS 2005 builds require patches on
almost everything.

-austin
25e11a00a89683f7e01e425a1a6e305c?d=identicon&s=25 Wilson Bilkovich (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 21:52
(Received via mailing list)
I know you were kidding, but I felt like sending an e-mail, so..
A more fair comparison would be a set of Ruby build instructions for a
Linux distro that didn't ship with a package manager or a copy of GCC.
 Highly nontrivial.

That being said, Windows is a crazy pain in the rear.  If someone with
more build experience (like Austin) can shave some steps out of my
writeup, I'd be happy to learn something new.  It would be nice if the
platform SDK license didn't prevent redistribution.  Then someone
could make a self-contained build process for Ruby on win32.
Luckily, the mswin32 distribution of Ruby is kept up to date, and most
people never have a real need to build their own.
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 22:28
(Received via mailing list)
Yes I should point out that no offence was meant to you with my previous
email. :o)
25e11a00a89683f7e01e425a1a6e305c?d=identicon&s=25 Wilson Bilkovich (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 22:35
(Received via mailing list)
Yeah, I knew that.. Didn't mean for my response to come out sounding
defensive.
Windows is a discipline, like hair shirts or nettle brushes for monks.
 It focuses the mind.
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 22:50
(Received via mailing list)
I think what would be nice to achieve from all this is that when Matz
and
his gang release a new version of Ruby, somebody could either take this
code
and  compile it using a HOW-TO, or for people who don't want to have the
hassle, quickly download a pre-compiled version.  This doesn't have to
be
anything fancy, such as Curt's installer, just a zip-file which you
extract
and there you are - a basic c:\ruby structure (or wherever).  Perhaps a
short PDF or HTML file in the root with a "getting started".  It might
be
sensible to try to get rubygems integrated into this somehow but maybe
not
immediately.

I think there is genuine benefit in making this available to the wider
world
so that more people will at the very least get to have a look at Ruby
who
may not have bothered when all they see is a tar.gz without too much in
the
way of Windows help.  Like it or not, plenty of Windows users out
there...!
It seems a small but important step forward.  I'm certainly not trying
to
take away Curt's job (unless he wants me to!) - there is definitely in
my
view a place for the one-click installer with all of it's goodies, but
for
many a basic ruby install would suffice and for others they could take
this
install and build on it with ruby gems and so on to create their
preferred
environment.

I'm not sure *how* I can help at this point, but if I can then I will,
now
and in the future.   I would like to find a way to help the community in
some way, just not sure where my niche is at the moment.










On 15/03/06, Wilson Bilkovich <wilsonb@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > > Highly nontrivial.
> > >
> >
> >
>
>


--

All the best
Glenn
Aylesbury, UK
25e11a00a89683f7e01e425a1a6e305c?d=identicon&s=25 Wilson Bilkovich (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 22:59
(Received via mailing list)
Just checking.. do you know about this page?
http://www.garbagecollect.jp/ruby/mswin32/
They release new stable versions of Ruby there, very quickly after an
official release comes out. They are built with Visual Studio, and
come packaged in a zip file.
I agree that it could use some extra documentation and publicity,
though.  Curt's installer is nice, but contains more software than
many people need.
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-15 23:24
(Received via mailing list)
Yep.  Personally I just need Ruby and Rubygems.  Once I've got those
anything else I can get myself.
I think I vaguely remember seeing that site but haven't tried it.  Maybe
I'll give it a go (site appears down at the moment).
First test (for me) will be: does RUDL work with it?




On 15/03/06, Wilson Bilkovich <wilsonb@gmail.com> wrote:
> On 3/15/06, Glenn Smith <glenn.ruby@gmail.com> wrote:
> > short PDF or HTML file in the root with a "getting started".  It might
> the
> > install and build on it with ruby gems and so on to create their
> >
> > > Windows is a discipline, like hair shirts or nettle brushes for monks.
> > > >
> > > > >
> > Aylesbury, UK
> >
> >
>
>


--

All the best
Glenn
Aylesbury, UK
Ddbfebb47432f6599da361df6a135c7c?d=identicon&s=25 Adam Shelly (Guest)
on 2006-03-16 03:45
(Received via mailing list)
On 3/15/06, Glenn Smith <glenn.ruby@gmail.com> wrote:
> I think what would be nice to achieve from all this is that when Matz and
> his gang release a new version of Ruby, somebody could either take this code
> and  compile it using a HOW-TO, or for people who don't want to have the
> hassle, quickly download a pre-compiled version.  This doesn't have to be
> anything fancy, such as Curt's installer, just a zip-file which you extract
> and there you are - a basic c:\ruby structure (or wherever).  Perhaps a
> short PDF or HTML file in the root with a "getting started".  It might be
> sensible to try to get rubygems integrated into this somehow but maybe not
> immediately.

Ok here's my contribution - I hope it is helpful:

I don't know what to do except follow Wilson's instructions if you
don't already have a working compiler.  But if you already have a
commercial VisualStudio .NET, there should already be a vsvars32.bat
under ...\Common7\Tools.  There will probably also be a shortcut to it
called "Visual Studio Command Prompt" in the program menu under
VisualStudio .Net Tools.  So to compile ruby for yourself:

1) Download and unzip the ruby source
2) run vsvars.bat
3) then in that command prompt run the attached batch file
>buildruby.bat SOURCE_DIR [ INSTALL_DIR [ BUILD_DIR ] ]

where SOURCE_DIR is the path to the source
(<unzip_location>\Ruby-1.8.4 if you got the latest stable version) and
INSTALL_DIR is the location you want ruby to go.  They must be
different directories.  The intermediate files go into BUILD_DIR,
which defaults to INSTALL_DIR/Build if you don't specify it.  All
these paths can be absolute or relative.  SOURCE_DIR must exist and
contain ruby source,  but the other two will be created if they don't
exist.

4) change to INSTALL_DIR and type ruby -v.

Tada!

This is tested with Visual Studio .NET and Visual Studio .NET 2003, on
Windows XP and
Windows 2000.  Please let me know if you find any issues with it.  I'd
especially like to know if it works after following Wilson's
instructions to the point of creating vsvars.bat.

-Adam
89dc62dd0a40f43a75d73e8059d61a91?d=identicon&s=25 Daniel Völkerts (Guest)
on 2006-03-16 09:59
(Received via mailing list)
Wilson Bilkovich schrieb:

> So simple, even a child could operate it!

*g* Thanks for that, I'll give it a try.
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-16 18:18
(Received via mailing list)
Just tried the version at http://www.garbagecollect.jp/ruby/mswin32/

When I run IRB I get "readline.dll not found".

Basically if Curt goes under a bus, we're all doomed ('specially Curt!)
:o)


On 15/03/06, Wilson Bilkovich <wilsonb@gmail.com> wrote:
> On 3/15/06, Glenn Smith <glenn.ruby@gmail.com> wrote:
> > short PDF or HTML file in the root with a "getting started".  It might
> the
> > install and build on it with ruby gems and so on to create their
> >
> > > Windows is a discipline, like hair shirts or nettle brushes for monks.
> > > >
> > > > >
> > Aylesbury, UK
> >
> >
>
>


--

All the best
Glenn
Aylesbury, UK
25e11a00a89683f7e01e425a1a6e305c?d=identicon&s=25 Wilson Bilkovich (Guest)
on 2006-03-16 18:52
(Received via mailing list)
You can get readline (and various other things) from this page:
http://www.garbagecollect.jp/ruby/mswin32/en/docum...
C475cffda1800fbc3f3af17bc10c220f?d=identicon&s=25 Curt Hibbs (Guest)
on 2006-03-16 23:32
(Received via mailing list)
On 3/16/06, Glenn Smith <glenn.ruby@gmail.com> wrote:
> Just tried the version at http://www.garbagecollect.jp/ruby/mswin32/
>
> When I run IRB I get "readline.dll not found".
>
> Basically if Curt goes under a bus, we're all doomed ('specially Curt!) :o)

Naaa... The One-Click Installer is an open source project, and all of
the instructions and build scripts are checked in to subversion on
RubyForge:

  http://rubyforge.org/scm/?group_id=167

Besides, there are other people on the OCI team, and I could always
use more help if anyone wants to volunteer!

Curt
80500a30fa7d7387d497408f5a4d91d3?d=identicon&s=25 Glenn Smith (Guest)
on 2006-03-18 21:33
(Received via mailing list)
Which trunk is the latest, Curt - installer-win2
?<http://rubyforge.org/plugins/scmsvn/viewcvs.php/tr...

On 16/03/06, Curt Hibbs <ml.chibbs@gmail.com> wrote:
> the instructions and build scripts are checked in to subversion on
> RubyForge:
>
>   http://rubyforge.org/scm/?group_id=167
>
> Besides, there are other people on the OCI team, and I could always
> use more help if anyone wants to volunteer!
>
> Curt
>
>


--

All the best
Glenn
Aylesbury, UK
9358cc96c46055cd68d4a76a9aefe026?d=identicon&s=25 Daniel Harple (Guest)
on 2006-03-18 22:00
(Received via mailing list)
Has anyone tried using Code::Blocks[1] and gcc? I don't use Windows,
but I work on a project that just moved from vc6 to Code::Blocks and
gcc for Windows builds.

[1] http://www.codeblocks.org/

-- Daniel
C475cffda1800fbc3f3af17bc10c220f?d=identicon&s=25 Curt Hibbs (Guest)
on 2006-03-19 03:30
(Received via mailing list)
Yes, "installer-win2" is the latest version. I completely rewrote the
build scripts for the 1.8.4 release. The "installer-win" directory
tree was for 1.8.2-15 and earlier.

Curt
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