Forum: Ruby Cross-compiling 1.9.1-p0 to bfin-uclinux

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67270c24f21ea468de8e9f4f85b328c2?d=identicon&s=25 Aaron Gage (ratcrow)
on 2009-05-04 21:19
Greetings --

I am trying to see whether I can build ruby to run on an Analog Devices
Blackfin processor.  The toolchain (with bfin-uclinux-gcc being the
compiler) is available here:

http://blackfin.uclinux.org/gf/project/toolchain/frs

...using the latest 2008R1.5_RC14 release of both the toolchain and
libraries, where the build machine is an i686 running CentOS 5.3.

This will not cross-compile out of the box, but I'm not sure how much
help it needs to finish.  I am using the following command line to
configure:

ac_cv_func_getpgrp_void=no \
   ac_cv_func_setpgrp_void=yes \
   ./configure --host=bfin-uclinux

configure completes without complaint.  Everything seems to compile
(bfin-uclinux-gcc is used as expected) but it fails when trying to
create the encdb.so file.  It looks to me like this step is using the
wrong linker (ld instead of bfin-uclinux-ld).  The exact error is at the
bottom of this message.

I tried this with 1.8.7-p72 and it also failed (I had to tweak process.c
for something that got fixed in 1.9.1-p0 and copy in a config.sub from
another bfin-uclinux project port) but in a different place
(extmk.rb:357 undefined method '<<' for nil:NilClass).

Some Google searches show that others have had success (1.8.6-p114 and
-p287 are mentioned).  However, I'd like to use the latest and greatest
if possible -- are there any known solutions for 1.9.1?

Error log is below (only the end is shown, I can the full build log if
it is needed).  Any help would be appreciated.

bfin-uclinux-gcc -O2 -g -Wall -Wno-parentheses  -I.
-I.ext/include/bfin-uclinux -I./include -I.  -DRUBY_EXPORT   -o tgamma.o
-c ./missing/tgamma.c
bfin-uclinux-gcc -O2 -g -Wall -Wno-parentheses  -I.
-I.ext/include/bfin-uclinux -I./include -I.  -DRUBY_EXPORT   -o dmyext.o
-c dmyext.c
bfin-uclinux-ar rcu libruby-static.a dln.o encoding.o prelude.o array.o
bignum.o class.o compar.o complex.o dir.o enum.o enumerator.o error.o
eval.o load.o proc.o file.o gc.o hash.o inits.o io.o marshal.o math.o
numeric.o object.o pack.o parse.o process.o random.o range.o rational.o
re.o regcomp.o regenc.o regerror.o regexec.o regparse.o regsyntax.o
ruby.o safe.o signal.o sprintf.o st.o strftime.o string.o struct.o
time.o transcode.o util.o variable.o version.o compile.o debug.o iseq.o
vm.o vm_dump.o thread.o cont.o ascii.o us_ascii.o unicode.o utf_8.o
newline.o memcmp.o tgamma.o  dmyext.o
ruby -I/tmp/ruby-1.9.1-p0 -rfake  ./tool/generic_erb.rb -c -o encdb.h
./template/encdb.h.tmpl ./enc enc
encdb.h unchanged
make -f enc.mk RUBY="ruby -I/tmp/ruby-1.9.1-p0 -rfake " MINIRUBY="ruby
-I/tmp/ruby-1.9.1-p0 -rfake "  enc
make[1]: Entering directory `/tmp/ruby-1.9.1-p0'
bfin-uclinux-gcc -I. -I.ext/include/bfin-uclinux -I./include -I.
-D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64  -DONIG_ENC_REGISTER=rb_enc_register -fPIC  -O2
-g -Wall -Wno-parentheses  -o enc/encdb.o -c ./enc/encdb.c

Here is where I think the problem is (the .o was created with
bfin-uclinux-gcc, now trying to link with normal ld):

ld -o .ext/bfin-uclinux/enc/encdb.so enc/encdb.o -L. -L. -L.
-lpthread -lrt -lcrypt -lm
ld: enc/encdb.o: Relocations in generic ELF (EM: 106)
ld: enc/encdb.o: Relocations in generic ELF (EM: 106)
ld: enc/encdb.o: Relocations in generic ELF (EM: 106)
ld: enc/encdb.o: Relocations in generic ELF (EM: 106)
ld: enc/encdb.o: Relocations in generic ELF (EM: 106)
ld: enc/encdb.o: Relocations in generic ELF (EM: 106)
enc/encdb.o: could not read symbols: File in wrong format
make[1]: *** [.ext/bfin-uclinux/enc/encdb.so] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/tmp/ruby-1.9.1-p0'
make: *** [enc] Error 2
753dcb78b3a3651127665da4bed3c782?d=identicon&s=25 Brian Candler (candlerb)
on 2009-05-05 12:44
Aaron Gage wrote:
> Some Google searches show that others have had success (1.8.6-p114 and
> -p287 are mentioned).  However, I'd like to use the latest and greatest
> if possible -- are there any known solutions for 1.9.1?

ruby 1.9 is *much* bigger than ruby 1.8, so for embedded applications,
I'd stick with 1.8 (pref 1.8.6) unless you really need 1.9 features.

openwrt has a working ruby 1.8.6 port. I don't know what the status is
of openwrt with blackfin, but a google search suggests maybe someone is
working on it:
https://dev.openwrt.org/changeset/7306/trunk/tools/mkimage
67270c24f21ea468de8e9f4f85b328c2?d=identicon&s=25 Aaron Gage (ratcrow)
on 2009-05-05 17:19
Brian Candler wrote:
> ruby 1.9 is *much* bigger than ruby 1.8, so for embedded applications,
> I'd stick with 1.8 (pref 1.8.6) unless you really need 1.9 features.
>
> openwrt has a working ruby 1.8.6 port. I don't know what the status is
> of openwrt with blackfin, but a google search suggests maybe someone is
> working on it:
> https://dev.openwrt.org/changeset/7306/trunk/tools/mkimage

Thanks for the info about 1.9.  I have gone back and tried to build a
couple of 1.8.6 versions, but I still seem to be getting stuck.  I am
consistently getting this error:

[blackfin@localhost ruby-1.8.6-p368]$ make
rbconfig.rb unchanged
./lib/fileutils.rb:1029:in `utime': can't convert NilClass into time
(TypeError)
        from ./lib/fileutils.rb:1029:in `touch'
        from ./lib/fileutils.rb:1026:in `each'
        from ./lib/fileutils.rb:1026:in `touch'
        from ./mkconfig.rb:188
make: *** [.rbconfig.time] Error 1

I checked out p287 (after reading
http://groups.google.com/group/ruby-talk-google/br...)
and it reports the same error.

Since this build machine is CentOS 5.3, I have an older version of ruby
(1.8.5) installed.  However, I can build 1.8.6-p287 (from Subversion),
1.8.6-p368, and 1.9.1-p0 on this machine natively without any difficulty
(./configure && make && make test).  This tells me that the above error
(File.utime returning nil) is not necessarily due to the system's ruby
version being out of date (even though it is a ruby script that fails).

I will keep plugging away at it.  The link to the OpenWRT project
doesn't give me any ideas about this particular error, but I'll see if I
can figure out what file mkconfig.rb is failing to find.
67270c24f21ea468de8e9f4f85b328c2?d=identicon&s=25 Aaron Gage (ratcrow)
on 2009-05-05 17:59
Well, I've gotten it to build.  I have not yet tested this on the target
processor yet, but first things first.

The steps I had to follow are:

1) Get a copy of ruby-1.8.6-p368 and extract it if necessary

2) cd into the ruby-1.8.6-p368 directory and copy the attached patch
into it

3) Apply the attached patch by doing this:
     patch -p0 < ruby-1.8.6-p368-bfin-uclinux.patch

4) configure as follows:

   ac_cv_func_getpgrp_void=no  \
   ac_cv_func_setpgrp_void=yes \
   ./configure --host=bfin-uclinux

5) make (assuming that bfin-uclinux-gcc is in the PATH and the libraries
are installed properly)

The resulting executable is about 2.3MB which isn't too bad.  I still
need to try to convert it to the BFLT format, but I can work on that
next.

As for the patch, I had to remove three lines from mkconfig.rb
($timestamp was undefined), copy in the config.sub from the 1.9.1-p0
distribution, and set all of the extensions to build statically.

Hopefully this will be of use to someone else.
F1d6cc2b735bfd82c8773172da2aeab9?d=identicon&s=25 Nobuyoshi Nakada (nobu)
on 2009-05-06 03:14
(Received via mailing list)
Hi,

At Wed, 6 May 2009 00:19:45 +0900,
Aaron Gage wrote in [ruby-talk:335822]:
> [blackfin@localhost ruby-1.8.6-p368]$ make
> rbconfig.rb unchanged
> ./lib/fileutils.rb:1029:in `utime': can't convert NilClass into time
> (TypeError)
>         from ./lib/fileutils.rb:1029:in `touch'
>         from ./lib/fileutils.rb:1026:in `each'
>         from ./lib/fileutils.rb:1026:in `touch'
>         from ./mkconfig.rb:188
> make: *** [.rbconfig.time] Error 1

r14741 needs to get backported to 1.8.6.
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