Forum: Ruby Negative lookahead in Regexp question

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D0338c0de4cb3c5c17300396159933d1?d=identicon&s=25 Axel Etzold (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 17:23
(Received via mailing list)
Dear all,

I have strings like this one:

"<NC> In North Carolina </NC>"

and I'd like to match the part in between the brackets with
a regexp with negative lookahead excluding a substring,
(</NC> in this case, rather than just single characters),
but I can't get it right...


Thanks for your help,

Axel
8a4c59ead55636dcf3f82fe0e545f5ed?d=identicon&s=25 byronsalty (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 18:17
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On Jun 16, 11:22 am, "Axel Etzold" <AEtz...@gmx.de> wrote:
>
> Thanks for your help,
>
> Axel
>
> --
> Psssst! Schon vom neuen GMX MultiMessenger gehört?
> Der kanns mit allen:http://www.gmx.net/de/go/multimessenger

Can you provide a few examples of what you're looking for? I'm not
sure what you're asking but it doesn't sound too bad.

- Byron
D0338c0de4cb3c5c17300396159933d1?d=identicon&s=25 Axel Etzold (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 20:41
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Dear Byron,

thank you for responding.
I am working on an analysis of so-called chunked text,
i.e., an analysis of words in a sentence, that
classifies words as nouns / verbs / adjectives etc.

A typical sentence with chunking tags thus looks like this:

"<NC> The physical descriptions </NC> <PC> of <NC> places </NC> <PC> in
<NC> North Carolina </NC> </PC> , <PC> in </PC> <ADV> so far </ADV> as
<NC> they </NC> <VC> are </VC> <NC> specific </NC> <PC> at <NC> all
</NC> </PC> , <VC> owe </VC> <NC> a little </NC> <PC> to <NC> memories
</NC> </PC> <PC> of <NC> my childhood </NC>, although <NC> I </NC> <VC>
've also borrowed </VC> <ADV> indiscriminately </ADV> <PC> from <NC>
other people 's childhood memories </NC> </PC> <PC> as </PC> <ADV> well
</ADV> ."

Originally, I wanted to use Regexps to split the original sentence
into groups using negative lookahead, which I've now skipped in favor
of repeated Array.splits, but I think I could you use knowing how to
search for a substring using negative lookahead, i.e., as in my example:

regexp=/.../  <= searched for, such that:
string="<NC> In North Carolina </NC>"
ref=regexp.match(string)
p ref[1]  => "In North Carolina"

Thank you for any help!

Best regards,

Axel
69498abbf47d4967f8640317a58377dd?d=identicon&s=25 Aureliano Calvo (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 21:18
(Received via mailing list)
Wouldn't it be better to just use a xml parser?

On 6/16/07, Axel Etzold <AEtzold@gmx.de> wrote:
>
> Thank you for any help!
>
> Best regards,
>
> Axel
> --
> Psssst! Schon vom neuen GMX MultiMessenger gehört?
> Der kanns mit allen: http://www.gmx.net/de/go/multimessenger
>
>


--
"Es también nuestra intención erradicar la corrupción, ofreciendo como
norma la honestidad, la idoneidad y la eficiencia. Con madurez y
sentido de unidad es fácil pensar en la recomposición del ser
argentino. Ese ser argentino, basado en madurez y en sentido de
unidad, permitirá inspirar para elevarnos por encima de la miseria que
la antinomia nos ha planteado, para dejar, de una vez por todas, ese
ser "anti" y ser, de una vez por todas, "pro": "Pro argentinos""

Jorge Rafael Videla para el 25 de mayo de 1976
D0338c0de4cb3c5c17300396159933d1?d=identicon&s=25 Axel Etzold (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 21:21
(Received via mailing list)
Aureliano,

no - since the tags are not XML tags, and since
I wanted to know about negative lookahead
for regexps ...

Best regards,

Axel
8a4c59ead55636dcf3f82fe0e545f5ed?d=identicon&s=25 byronsalty (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 21:55
(Received via mailing list)
On Jun 16, 2:40 pm, "Axel Etzold" <AEtz...@gmx.de> wrote:
> regexp=/.../  <= searched for, such that:
> string="<NC> In North Carolina </NC>"
> ref=regexp.match(string)
> p ref[1]  => "In North Carolina"

This will work pretty well (works for the above):
/<\w+>(.*?)<\/\w+>/

The only thing fancy there is making the .* non-greedy by adding .*?.
This means it will take the shortest possible match instead of the
longest.

But it will not work as I think you would want with a string of nested
clauses. If you want to include internal clauses then you would need
to make sure that the close tag matches the open tag. The side effect
is that you'll need to have another sub match within the regex.

So consider:
/<(\w+)>(.*?)<\/\1>/

Example:
irb(main):033:0> str = "<NC>In North Carolina <FOO>adsf</FOO> </NC>"
=> "<NC>In North Carolina <FOO>adsf</FOO> </NC>"
irb(main):034:0> re = /<(\w+)>(.*?)<\/\1>/
=> /<(\w+)>(.*?)<\/\1>/
irb(main):035:0> re.match(str)[1]
=> "NC"
irb(main):036:0> re.match(str)[2]
=> "In North Carolina <FOO>adsf</FOO> "


Does that help?
D0338c0de4cb3c5c17300396159933d1?d=identicon&s=25 Axel Etzold (Guest)
on 2007-06-16 22:50
(Received via mailing list)
Dear Byron,

> Does that help?

Yes, very much ! Thank you for your time!

Best regards,

Axel
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