I'm working my way through the second edition of the pickaxe and have encountered an example that doesn't work as I'd expected. while line = gets puts line.downcase end That code made sense... it was then simplified to: puts line.downcase while line = gets This doesn't work the same, however. I get: 02.07.rb:1: undefined local variable or method `line' for main:Object (NameError) The odd part (to me) is that the error isn't spit out until after I've entered a line. In which order does the interpreter do it's job? Even more perplexing is: line = 'This will never be seen...' puts line.downcase while line = gets Defining line solves the issue. So, it seems to me, gets is executed but something is erroring before the assignment to line... ? Any help in understanding would be greatly appreciated!
on 2005-11-21 19:05
on 2005-11-21 19:29
>>>>> "D" == Dustin McCormick <firstname.lastname@example.org> writes: D> while line = gets When ruby see the assignement `=' it will think that `line' is a variable. Then when it parse `gets' and because it's the first time than it seen it, it will resolved as a method call. D> puts line.downcase at this step, ruby now that `line' make reference to a variable D> end D> puts line.downcase while line = gets When it parse this line : it find `line' and this is the first time that it seen it and it's not an assignement. For ruby it's a method call When it parse 'line =', this time line will be referenced as a variable You can see it with something like this moulon% cat b.rb #!/usr/bin/ruby def line "ABC" end puts line.downcase while (line = gets).chomp != '123' puts line moulon% moulon% ./b.rb XYZ abc ERT abc 123 123 moulon% The first reference is for the method #line, the 2 others for the variable `line' D> 02.07.rb:1: undefined local variable or method `line' for main:Object D> (NameError) Here ruby is trying to say : 1) at compile time, it has not found a variable line when it parsed this part of the source and it has resolved `line' as a method call 2) at runtime, it has not found a method #line D> line = 'This will never be seen...' D> puts line.downcase while line = gets Here ruby has seen an affection before the while and it know that `line' make reference to a variable Guy Decoux