Forum: Ruby on Rails [ANN] rq-2.3.3

Announcement (2017-05-07): is now read-only since I unfortunately do not have the time to support and maintain the forum any more. Please see and for other Rails- und Ruby-related community platforms.
Ara.T.Howard (Guest)
on 2006-06-09 02:18
(Received via mailing list)
     - fixed bug in updater related to io files (see tmp_stdin in
     - [IMPORTANT] removed feature where stdin jobs could contain
comments ('#').
       input lines are now taken literally __except__ blank lines, which
       still ignored.
     - added ability to dump stdin/stdout/stderr for any job

         rq q stdout 42

         cat jids | rq q stdout -

     - added ability to dump stdin/stdout/stderr pathnames for any job
         rq q stdout4 42

         cat jids | rq q stderr4 -
     - rotate was made more robust and tolerates nfs errors to some

   rq v2.3.3

   rq (queue | export RQ_Q=q) mode [mode_args]* [options]*


   ruby queue (rq) is a zero-admin zero-configuration tool used to
   instant unix clusters.  rq requires only a central nfs filesystem in
   to manage a simple sqlite database as a distributed priority work
   this simple design allows researchers to install and configure, in
only a
   few minutes and without root privileges, a robust unix cluster
capable of
   distributing processes to many nodes - bringing dozens of powerful
cpus to
   their knees with a single blow.  clearly this software should be kept
out of
   the hands of free radicals, seti enthusiasts, and one mr. j safran.

   the central concept of rq is that n nodes work in isolation to pull
   from an centrally mounted nfs priority work queue in a synchronized
   the nodes have absolutely no knowledge of each other and all
   is done via the queue meaning that, so long as the queue is available
   nfs and a single node is running jobs from it, the system will
continue to
   process jobs.  there is no centralized process whatsoever - all nodes
   to take jobs from the queue and run them as fast as possible.  this
   a system which load balances automatically and is robust in face of

   although the rq system is simple in it's design it features powerful
   functionality such as priority management, predicate and sql query ,
   streaming command-line processing, programmable api, hot-backup, and
   input/capture of the stdin/stdout/stderr io streams of remote jobs.
to date
   rq has had no reported runtime failures and is in operation at dozens
   research centers around the world.


   the first argument to any rq command is the always the name of the
   while the second is the mode of operation.  the queue name may be
   if, and only if, the environment variable RQ_Q has been set to
contain the
   absolute path of target queue.

   for instance, the command

     ~ > rq queue list

   is equivalent to

     ~ > export RQ_Q=queue
     ~ > rq list

   this facility can be used to create aliases for several queues, for
   a .bashrc containing

     alias MYQ="RQ_Q=/path/to/myq rq"

     alias MYQ2="RQ_Q=/path/to/myq2 rq"

   would allow syntax like

     MYQ2 submit < joblist


   rq operates in modes create, submit, resubmit, list, status, delete,
   query, execute, configure, snapshot, lock, backup, rotate, feed,
   ioview, and help, and a few others.  the meaning of 'mode_args' will
   naturally change depending on the mode of operation.

   the following mode abbreviations exist, note that not all modes have

     c  => create
     s  => submit
     r  => resubmit
     l  => list
     ls => list
     t  => status
     d  => delete
     rm => delete
     u  => update
     q  => query
     e  => execute
     C  => configure
     S  => snapshot
     L  => lock
     b  => backup
     R  => rotate
     f  => feed
     io => ioview
     0  => stdin
     1  => stdout
     2  => stderr
     h  => help

   create, c :

     creates a queue.  the queue must be located on an nfs mounted file
     visible from all nodes intended to run jobs from it.  nfs locking
must be
     functional on this file system.

     examples :

       0) to create a queue
           ~ > rq /path/to/nfs/mounted/q create

         or, using the abbreviation

           ~ > rq /path/to/nfs/mounted/q c

   submit, s :

     submit jobs to a queue to be proccesed by some feeding node.  any
     'mode_args' are taken as the command to run.  note that 'mode_args'
     subject to shell expansion - if you don't understand what this
means do
     not use this feature and pass jobs on stdin.

     when running in submit mode a file may by specified as a list of
     to run using the '--infile, -i' option.  this file is taken to be a
     newline separated list of commands to submit, blank lines and
comments (#)
     are allowed.  if submitting a large number of jobs the input file
     is MUCH, more efficient.  if no commands are specified on the
command line
     rq automatically reads them from stdin.  yaml formatted files are
     allowed as input ( - note that the output of
     all rq commands is valid yaml and may, therefore, be piped as input
     the submit command.  the leading '---' of yaml file may not be

     when submitting the '--priority, -p' option can be used here to
     the priority of jobs.  priorities may be any whole number including
     negative ones - zero is the default.  note that submission of a
     priority job will NOT supplant a currently running low priority
job, but
     higher priority jobs WILL always migrate above lower priority jobs
in the
     queue in order that they be run as soon as possible.  constant
     of high priority jobs may create a starvation situation whereby low
     priority jobs are never allowed to run.  avoiding this situation is
     responsibility of the user.  the only guaruntee rq makes regarding
     execution is that jobs are executed in an 'oldest-highest-priority'
     and that running jobs are never supplanted.  jobs submitted with
     '--stage' option will not be eligible to be run by any node and
     remain in a 'holding' state until updated (see update mode) into
     'pending' mode, this option allows jobs to entered, or 'staged', in
     queue and then made candidates for running at a later date.

     rq allows the stdin of commands to be provided and also captures
     stdout and stderr of any job run (of course standard shell
redirects may
     be used as well) and all three will be stored in a directory
relative the
     the queue itself.  the stdin/stdout/stderr files are stored by job
id and
     there location (though relative to the queue) is shown in the
output of
     'list' (see docs for list).

     examples :

       0) submit the job ls to run on some feeding host

         ~ > rq q s ls

       1) submit the job ls to run on some feeding host, at priority 9

         ~ > rq -p9 q s ls

       2) submit a list of jobs from file.  note the '-' used to specify
       reading jobs from stdin

         ~ > cat joblist

         ~ > rq q submit --infile=joblist

       3) submit a joblist on stdin

         ~ > cat joblist | rq q submit -


         ~ > rq q submit - <joblist

       4) submit cat as a job, providing the stdin for cat from the file

         ~ > rq q submit cat

       5) submit cat as a job, providing the stdin for the cat job on

         ~ > cat | rq q submit cat --stdin=-


         ~ > rq q submit cat --stdin=- <

       6) submit 42 priority 9 jobs from a command file, marking them as
          'important' using the '--tag, -t' option.

         ~ > wc -l cmdfile

         ~ > rq -p9 -timportant q s < cmdfile

       6) re-submit all the 'important' jobs (see 'query' section below)

         ~ > rq q query tag=important | rq q s -

       8) re-submit all jobs which are already finished (see 'list'

         ~ > rq q l f | rq q s

       9) stage the job wont_run_yet to the queue in a 'holding' state.
          feeder will run this job until it's state is upgraded to

         ~ > rq q s --stage wont_run_yet

   resubmit, r :

     resubmit jobs back to a queue to be proccesed by a feeding node.
     is essentially equivalent to submitting a job that is already in
the queue
     as a new job and then deleting the original job except that using
     is atomic and, therefore, safer and more efficient.  resubmission
     any previous stdin provided for job input.  read docs for delete
     submit for more info.

     examples :

       0) resubmit job 42 to the queue

         ~> rq q resubmit 42

       1) resubmit all failed jobs

         ~> rq q query exit_status!=0 | rq q resubmit -

       2) resubmit job 4242 with different stdin

         ~ rq q resubmit 4242

   list, l, ls :

     list mode lists jobs of a certain state or job id.  state may be
one of
     pending, holding, running, finished, dead, or all.  any 'mode_args'
     are numbers are taken to be job id's to list.

     states may be abbreviated to uniqueness, therefore the following
     apply :

       p => pending
       h => holding
       r => running
       f => finished
       d => dead
       a => all

     examples :

       0) show everything in q
           ~ > rq q list all


           ~ > rq q l all


           ~ > export RQ_Q=q
           ~ > rq l

       1) show q's pending jobs
           ~ > rq q list pending

       2) show q's running jobs
           ~ > rq q list running

       3) show q's finished jobs
           ~ > rq q list finished

       4) show job id 42
           ~ > rq q l 42

       5) show q's holding jobs
           ~ > rq q list holding

   status, t :

     status mode shows the global state the queue and statistics on it's
     cluster's performance.  there are no 'mode_args'.  the meaning of
     state is as follows:

       pending  => no feeder has yet taken this job
       holding  => a hold has been placed on this job, thus no feeder
will start
       running  => a feeder has taken this job
       finished => a feeder has finished this job
       dead     => rq died while running a job, has restarted, and moved
                   this job to the dead state

     note that rq cannot move jobs into the dead state unless it has
     restarted.  this is because no node has any knowledge of other
nodes and
     cannot possibly know if a job was started on a node that died, or
     simply taking a very long time.  only the node that dies, upon
     can determine that is has jobs that 'were started before it
started' and
     move these jobs into the dead state.  normally only a machine crash
     cause a job to be placed into the dead state.  dead jobs are never
     automatically restarted, this is the responsibility of an operator.

     examples :

       0) show q's status

         ~ > rq q t

   delete, d :

     delete combinations of pending, holding, finished, dead, or jobs
     by jid.  the delete mode is capable of parsing the output of list
     query modes, making it possible to create custom filters to delete
     meeting very specific conditions.

     'mode_args' are the same as for list.

     note that it is NOT possible to delete a running job.  rq has a
     decentralized architechture which means that compute nodes are
     independant of one another; an extension is that there is no way to
     communicate the deletion of a running job from the queue the the
     actually running that job.  it is not an error to force a job to
     prematurely using a facility such as an ssh command spawned on the
     host to kill it.  once a job has been noted to have finished,
whatever the
     exit status, it can be deleted from the queue.

     examples :

       0) delete all pending, finished, and dead jobs from a queue

         ~ > rq q d all

       1) delete all pending jobs from a queue

         ~ > rq q d p

       2) delete all finished jobs from a queue

         ~ > rq q d f

       3) delete jobs via hand crafted filter program

         ~ > rq q list | yaml_filter_prog | rq q d -

         an example ruby filter program (you have to love this)

           ~ > cat yaml_filter_prog
           require 'yaml'
           joblist = YAML::load STDIN
           y{|job| job['command'] =~ /bombing_program/}

         this program reads the list of jobs (yaml) from stdin and then
         only those jobs whose command matches 'bombing_program', which
         subsequently piped to the delete command.

   update, u :

     update assumes all leading arguments are jids to update with
     key=value pairs.  currently only the 'command', 'priority', and
     fields of pending jobs can be generically updated and the 'state'
     may be toggled between pending and holding.


       0) update the priority of job 42

         ~ > rq q update 42 priority=7

       1) update the priority of all pending jobs

         ~ > rq q update pending priority=7

       2) query jobs with a command matching 'foobar' and update their
       to be 'barfoo'

         ~ > rq q q "command like '%foobar%'" |\
             rq q u command=barfoo

       3) place a hold on jid 2

         ~ > rq q u 2 state=holding

       4) place a hold on all jobs with tag=disk_filler

         ~ > rq q q tag=disk_filler | rq q u state=holding -

       5) remove the hold on jid 2

         ~ > rq q u 2 state=pending

   query, q :

     query exposes the database more directly the user, evaluating the
     clause specified on the command line (or read from stdin).  this
     can be used to make a fine grained slection of jobs for reporting
or as
     input into the delete command.  you must have a basic understanding
of SQL
     syntax to use this feature, but it is fairly intuitive in this


       0) show all jobs submitted within a specific 10 minute range

         ~ > a='2004-06-29 22:51:00'

         ~ > b='2004-06-29 22:51:10'

         ~ > rq q query "started >= '$a' and started < '$b'"

       1) shell quoting can be tricky here so input on stdin is also
allowed to
       avoid shell expansion

         ~ > cat constraints.txt
         started >= '2004-06-29 22:51:00' and
         started < '2004-06-29 22:51:10'

         ~ > rq q query < contraints.txt
           or (same thing)

         ~ > cat contraints.txt| rq q query -

       2) this query output might then be used to delete those jobs

         ~ > cat contraints.txt | rq q q - | rq q d -

       3) show all jobs which are either finished or dead

         ~ > rq q q "state='finished' or state='dead'"

       4) show all jobs which have non-zero exit status

         ~ > rq q query exit_status!=0

       5) if you plan to query groups of jobs with some common feature
       using the '--tag, -t' feature of the submit mode which allows a
user to
       tag a job with a user defined string which can then be used to
       query that job group

         ~ > rq q submit --tag=my_jobs - < joblist

         ~ > rq q query tag=my_jobs

       6) in general all but numbers will need to be surrounded by
       quotes unless the query is a 'simple' one.  a simple query is a
       with no boolean operators, not quotes, and where every part of it

             key op value

          with ** NO SPACES ** between key, op, and value.  if, and only
          the query is 'simple' rq will contruct the where clause
          appropriately.  the operators accepted, and their meanings,

            =  : equivalence : sql =
            =~ : matches     : sql like
            !~ : not matches : sql not like

          match, in the context is ** NOT ** a regular expression but a
          style string match.  about all you need to know about sql
matches is
          that the '%' char matches anything.  multiple simple queries
will be
          joined with boolean 'and'

          this sounds confusing - it isn't.  here are some examples of

            query :
              rq q query tag=important

            where_clause :
              "( tag = 'important' )"

            query :
              rq q q priority=6 restartable=true

            where_clause :
              "( priority = 6 ) and ( restartable = 'true' )"

            query :
              rq q q command=~%bombing_job% runner=~%node_1%

            where_clause :
              "( command like '%bombing_job%') and (runner like

   execute, e :

     execute mode is to be used by expert users with a knowledge of sql
     only.  it follows the locking protocol used by rq and then allows
the user
     to execute arbitrary sql on the queue.  unlike query mode a write
lock on
     the queue is obtained allowing a user to definitively shoot
themselves in
     the foot.  for details on a queue's schema the file 'db.schema' in
     queue directory should be examined.

       examples :

         0) list all jobs

           ~ > rq q execute 'select * from jobs'

   configure, C :

     this mode is not supported yet.

   snapshot, p :

     snapshot provides a means of taking a snapshot of the q. use this
     when many queries are going to be run; for example when attempting
     figure out a complex pipeline command your test queries will not
     with the feeders for the queue's lock.  you should use this option
     whenever possible to avoid lock competition.


       0) take a snapshot using default snapshot naming, which is made
via the
       basename of the q plus '.snapshot'

         ~ > rq /path/to/nfs/q snapshot

       1) use this snapshot to chceck status

         ~ > rq ./q.snapshot status

       2) use the snapshot to see what's running on which host

         ~ > rq ./q.snapshot list running | grep `hostname`

     note that there is also a snapshot option - this option is not the
same as
     the snapshot command.  the option can be applied to ANY command. if
     effect then that command will be run on a snapshot of the database
and the
     snapshot then immediately deleted.  this is really only useful if
one were
     to need to run a command against a very heavily loaded queue and
did not
     wish to wait to obtain the lock.  eg.

       0) get the status of a heavily loaded queue

         ~ > rq q t --snapshot

       1) same as above

         ~ > rq q t -s

     ** IMPORTANT **

       a really great way to hang all processing in your queue is to do

         rq q list | less

       and then leave for the night.  you hold a read lock you won't
       until less dies.  this is what snapshot is made for!  use it like

         rq q list -s | less

       now you've taken a snapshot of the queue to list so your locks
affect no

   lock, L :

     lock the queue and then execute an arbitrary shell command.  lock
     uses the queue's locking protocol to safely obtain a lock of the
     type and execute a command on the user's behalf.  lock type must be
one of

       (r)ead | (sh)ared | (w)rite | (ex)clusive

     examples :

       0) get a read lock on the queue and make a backup

         ~ > rq q L read -- cp -r q q.bak

         (the '--' is needed to tell rq to stop parsing command line
          options which allows the '-r' to be passed to the 'cp'

     ** IMPORTANT **

       this is another fantastic way to freeze your queue - use with

   backup, b :

     backup mode is exactly the same as getting a read lock on the queue
     making a copy of it.  this mode is provided as a convenience.

       0) make a backup of the queue using default naming ( qname +
timestamp + .bak )

         ~ > rq q b

       1) make a backup of the queue as 'q.bak'

         ~ > rq q b q.bak

   rotate, r :

     rotate mode is conceptually similar to log rolling.  normally the
list of
     finished jobs will grow without bound in a queue unless they are
     deleted.  rotation is a method of trimming finished jobs from a
     without deleting them.  the method used is that the queue is copied
to a
     'rotation'; all jobs that are dead or finished are deleted from the
     original queue and all pending and running jobs are deleted from
     rotation.  in this way the rotation becomes a record of the queue's
     finished and dead jobs at the time the rotation was made.

       0) rotate a queue using default rotation name

         ~ > rq q rotate

       1) rotate a queue naming the rotation

         ~ > rq q rotate q.rotation

       2) a crontab entry like this could be used to rotate a queue

         59 23 * * * rq q rotate `date +q.%Y%m%d`

   feed, f :

     take jobs from the queue and run them on behalf of the submitter as
     quickly as possible.  jobs are taken from the queue in an 'oldest
     priority' first order.

     feeders can be run from any number of nodes allowing you to harness
     CPU power of many nodes simoultaneously in order to more
     clobber your network, anoy your sysads, and set output raids on

     the most useful method of feeding from a queue is to do so in
daemon mode
     so that if the process loses it's controling terminal it will not
     when you exit your terminal session.  use the '--daemon, -d' option
     accomplish this.  by default only one feeding process per host per
     is allowed to run at any given moment.  because of this it is
     to start a feeder at some regular interval from a cron entry since,
if a
     feeder is alreay running, the process will simply exit and
otherwise a new
     feeder will be started.  in this way you may keep feeder processing
     running even acroess machine reboots without requiring sysad
     to add an entry to the machine's startup tasks.

     examples :

       0) feed from a queue verbosely for debugging purposes, using a
       and maximum polling time of 2 and 4 respectively.  you would
       specify polling times this brief except for debugging purposes!!!

         ~ > rq q feed -v4 --min_sleep=2 --max_sleep=4

       1) same as above, but viewing the executed sql as it is sent to

         ~ > RQ_SQL_DEBUG=1 rq q feed -v4 --min_sleep=2 --max_sleep=4

       2) feed from a queue in daemon mode - logging to

         ~ > rq q feed --daemon -l/home/$USER/rq.log

          log rolling in daemon mode is automatic so your logs should
          need to be deleted to prevent disk overflow.

   start :

     the start mode is equivalent to running the feed mode except the
     is implied so the process instantly goes into the background.
also, if no
     log (--log) is specified in start mode a default one is used.  the
     is /home/$USER/$BASENAME_OF_Q.log

     examples :

       0) start a daemon process feeding from q

         ~ > rq q start

       1) use something like this sample crontab entry to keep a feeder
       forever - it attempts to (re)start every fifteen minutes but
exits if
       another process is already feeding.  output is only created when
       daemon is started so your mailbox will not fill up with this

         # crontab.sample

         */15 * * * * /path/to/bin/rq /path/to/q start

       and entry like this on every node in your cluster is all that's
       to keep your cluster going - even after a reboot.

   shutdown :

     tell a running feeder to finish any pending jobs and then to exit.
     is equivalent to sending signal 'SIGTERM' to the process - this is
     using 'kill pid' does by default.

     examples :

       0) stop a feeding process, if any, that is feeding from q.  allow
       jobs to be finished first.

         ~ > rq q shutdown


       if you are keeping your feeder alive with a crontab entry you'll
need to
         comment it out before doing this or else it will simply

   stop :

     tell any running feeder to stop NOW.  this sends signal 'SIGKILL'
(-9) to
     the feeder process.  the same warning as for shutdown applies!!!

     examples :

       0) stop a feeding process, if any, that is feeding from q.  allow
       jobs to be finished first - exit instantly.

         ~ > rq q stop

   pid :

     show the pid, if any, of the feeder on this host

     ~ > rq q feeder
     pid : 3176

   ioview, io :

     as shown in the description for submit, a job maybe be provided
     during job submission.  the stdout and stderr of the job are also
     as the job is run.  all three streams are captured in files located
     relative to the queue.  so, if one has submitted a job, and it's
jid was
     shown to be 42, by using something like

       ~ > rq /path/to/q submit myjob
         jid : 42
         priority : 0
         stdin : stdin/42
         stdout : stdout/42
         stderr : stderr/42
         command : myjob

     the stdin file will exists as soon as the job is submitted and the
     will exist once the job has begun running.  note that these paths
     shown relative to the queue.  in this case the actual paths would


     but, since our queue is nfs mounted the /path/to/q may or may not
be the
     same on every host.  thus the path is a relative one.  this can
make it
     anoying to view these files, but rq assists here with the ioview
     the ioview command spawns an external editor to view all three
     it's use is quite simple

     examples :

       0) view the stdin/stdout/stderr of job id 42

          ~ > rq q ioview 42

     by default this will open up all three files in vim.  the editor
     can be specified using the '--editor' option or the ENV var
     the default value is 'vim -R -o' which allows all three files to be
     in a single window.

   stdin, 0 :

     dump the stdinput (if any) provided to the job

     examples :

       0)  dump the stdin for jid 42

         ~ > rq q stdin 42

   stdout, 1 :

     dump the stdoutput (if any) created by the job

     examples :

       0)  dump the stdout for jid 42

         ~ > rq q stdout 42

   stderr, 2 :

     dump the stderrput (if any) created by the job

     examples :

       0)  dump the stderr for jid 42

         ~ > rq q stderr 42

   stdin4 :

     show the path used for the stdin of a jid

     examples :

       0) show which file has job 42's stdin

         ~ > rq q stdin4 42

   stdout4 :

     show the path used for the stdout of a jid

     examples :

       0) show which file has job 42's stdout

         ~ > rq q stdout4 42

   stderr4 :

     show the path used for the stderr of a jid

     examples :

       0) show which file has job 42's stderr

         ~ > rq q stderr4 42

   help, h :

     this message

     examples :

       0) get this message

         ~> rq q help


         ~> rq help

   - realize that your job is going to be running on a remote host and
this has
     implications.  paths, for example, should be absolute, not
     specifically the submitted job script must be visible from all
     currently feeding from a queue as must be the input and output

   - jobs are currently run under the bash shell using the --login
     therefore any settings in your .bashrc will apply - specifically
your PATH
     setting.  you should not, however, rely on jobs running with any

   - you need to consider __CAREFULLY__ what the ramifications of having
     multiple instances of your program all potentially running at the
     time will be.  for instance, it is beyond the scope of rq to ensure
     multiple instances of a given program will not overwrite each
     output files.  coordination of programs is left entirely to the

   - the list of finished jobs will grow without bound unless you
     delete some (all) of them.  the reason for this is that rq cannot
     when the user has collected the exit_status of a given job, and so
     this information in the queue forever until instructed to delete
it.  if
     you have collected the exit_status of you job(s) it is not an error
     then delete that job from the finished list - the information is
kept for
     your informational purposes only.  in a production system it would
     normal to periodically save, and then delete, all finished jobs.

   - know that it is a VERY bad idea to spawn several dozen process all
     reading/writing huge output files to a single NFS server.  use this
     paradigm instead

       * copy/move data from global input space to local disk
       * process data
       * move data on local disk to global output space

     this, of course, applies to any nfs processing, not just those jobs
     submitted to rq

     the vsftp daemon is an excellent utility to have running on hosts
in your
     cluster so anonymous ftp can be used to get/put data between any

   - know that nfs locking is very, very easy to break with firewalls
put in
     place by overzealous system administrators.  be postive not only
that nfs
     locking works, but that lock recovery server/client crash or reboot
     as well. is the place to learn about
NFS.  my
     experience thus far is that there are ZERO properly configured NFS
     installations in the world.  please test yours.  contact me for a
     script which can assist you.  beer donations required as payment.

   RQ_Q: set to the full path of nfs mounted queue

     the queue argument to all commands may be omitted if, and only if,
     environment variable 'RQ_Q' contains the full path to the q.  eg.

       ~ > export RQ_Q=/full/path/to/my/q

     this feature can save a considerable amount of typing for those
weak of

  success : $? == 0
  failure : $? != 0

   - kim baugh       : patient tester and design input
   - jeff safran     : the guy can break anything
   - chris elvidge   : made it possible
   - trond myklebust : tons of help with nfs
   - jamis buck      : for writing the sqlite bindings for ruby
   - _why            : for writing yaml for ruby
   - matz            : for writing ruby


  0 < bugno && bugno <= 42

  reports to removed_email_address@domain.invalid

   --priority=priority, -p
         modes <submit, resubmit> : set the job(s) priority - lowest(0)
         highest(n) - (default 0)
   --tag=tag, -t
         modes <submit, resubmit> : set the job(s) user data tag
         modes <submit, resubmit> : set the job(s) required runner(s)
         modes <submit, resubmit> : set the job(s) to be restartable on
         modes <submit, resubmit> : set the job(s) initial state to be
         (default pending)
   --infile=infile, -i
         modes <submit, resubmit> : infile
   --stdin=[stdin], -s
         modes <submit, resubmit, update> : stdin
   --quiet, -q
         modes <submit, resubmit, feed> : do not echo submitted jobs,
         silently if another process is already feeding
   --daemon, -D
         modes <feed> : spawn a daemon
         modes <feed> : the maximum number of concurrent jobs run
         modes <feed> : specify transaction retries
         modes <feed> : specify min sleep
         modes <feed> : specify max sleep
   --snapshot, -s
         operate on snapshot of queue
   --verbosity=verbostiy, -v
         0|fatal < 1|error < 2|warn < 3|info < 4|debug - (default info)
   --log=path, -l
         set log file - (default stderr)
         daily | weekly | monthly - what age will cause log rolling
         size in bytes - what size will cause log rolling (default nil)
   --help, -h
         this message
         show version number


suffering increases your inner strength.  also, the wishing for
makes the suffering disappear.
- h.h. the 14th dali lama
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