I'm trying to calculate the results of formulas that are stored in text files. For example, a file may contain the line: 1+2/3 I want to take that line & get the result of the formula, 1.66 (roughly) The way to do this seems to be Kernel.eval. But I can't get it to work correctly. Here's my irb session: irb(main):001:0> a = "1+2/3" => "1+2/3" irb(main):002:0> b = eval(a) => 1 irb(main):004:0> b.class => Fixnum I would think that eval(a) should return a Float, not a Fixnum. I thought maybe that eval wasn't following the standard order of operations, which could explain the return value of 1. So then I tried this: irb(main):005:0> a = "2/3" => "2/3" irb(main):006:0> b = eval(a) => 0 irb(main):007:0> b.class => Fixnum So, it's not an order of operations thing. Maybe I shouldn't be using eval. But I can't find another option. Any thoughts? Thanks, Ian
on 2006-02-13 22:07
on 2006-02-13 22:11
$ irb irb(main):001:0> 2/3 => 0 irb(main):002:0> 2.0/3 => 0.666666666666667 irb(main):003:0> Kent.
on 2006-02-13 22:15
Ian W. wrote: > irb(main):001:0> a = "1+2/3" > => "1+2/3" > irb(main):002:0> b = eval(a) > => 1 > irb(main):004:0> b.class > => Fixnum > > I would think that eval(a) should return a Float, not a Fixnum. It's nothing to do with eval, but rather that if you start with fixnums, you do fixnum arithmetic. Try replacing 2 with 2.0. That invokes float division, and every result depending on that input will be float. In general, you can use x.to_f if you want to force a value to be treated as float.
on 2006-02-13 22:19
require "mathn" for a batch of tweaks that will make Ruby maths expression more maths-like than C-like. David V. DÅ?a Pondelok 13 FebruÃ¡r 2006 21:07 Ian W. napÃsal:
on 2006-02-13 22:24
This works and I appreciate the response. But it doesn't solve the problem that the formulas in the text files already exist & they weren't written with Ruby's arithmetic in mind. My life would be easier if I didn't have to go update all of those text files. Any thoughts on how I can take the string as it stands, "1+2/3" and get the right answer? I could use regex to replace every integer with a floating point number, I guess. But that seems kludgey.
on 2006-02-13 22:29
On Feb 13, 2006, at 2:24 PM, Ian W. wrote: > Any thoughts on how I can take the string as it stands, "1+2/3" and > get the right answer? Well, depending on how many operators you need to support, it's fairly easy to parse them into an Abstract Syntax Tree and run the calculation. James Edward G. II
on 2006-02-13 23:09
Ian W. wrote: > Any thoughts on how I can take the string as it stands, "1+2/3" and get > the right answer? I could use regex to replace every integer with a > floating point number, I guess. But that seems kludgey. David's suggestion to require 'mathn' is a good way to go, but be aware that 2/3 will evaluate to a rational--precise, but in general slower to compute with.
on 2006-02-14 04:59
That does appear to be the best solution. I plugged that in & my unit tests look good. Thanks, Ian