Hi. I'd like to include one module, which would include other modules into my namespace. Is this doable? Doing this: ----file1.rb module AAA include bbb end ----file2.rb include AAA does not seem to include bbb. Is there anyway to do this, or do I need to add the include explicilty to file2 as well? (Note - I understand the need for this, to avoid namespace collisions).
on 2005-11-15 03:08
on 2005-11-15 04:42
On 11/15/05, email@example.com <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote: > include AAA > > does not seem to include bbb. Is there anyway to do this, or do I need > to add the include explicilty to file2 as well? > Hi, you need to require the files you want: ----bbb.rb module BBB def bbb puts "bbb" end end ----aaa.rb require 'bbb' module AAA include BBB end ---- test-nested-includes.rb require 'aaa' include AAA bbb ---- OUTPUT bbb Regards, Sean
on 2005-11-15 05:06
On Nov 14, 2005, at 8:07 PM, email@example.com wrote: > > does not seem to include bbb. Is there anyway to do this, or do I > need > to add the include explicilty to file2 as well? It seems like you are thinking (in the way that I did while learning Ruby) that Ruby's 'include' facility is analogous to the C/C++ include mechanism. Same keyword but totally unrelated semantics. As Sean indicated, use 'require' to have ruby parse a file and use 'include' to mixin modules (i.e. to dynamically construct the hierarchy of modules/classes). You have to make sure that Ruby has parsed a module definition via 'require' before it will be available for use via 'include'. If your modules were all defined in a single file, it would look like: module B # definition of module B end module A include B # more parts of A end include A So if B is defined in 'file1.rb' and A is defined in 'file2.rb' you could access those definitions in a third file as: require 'file1' # now B is defined, for use by A require 'file2' # now A is defined, using B include A # module A is included into the current scope (top level) Gary W.