Forum: GNU Radio USRP2 abnormal function with spectrum_sense code

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ILKYOUNG KWOUN (Guest)
on 2009-01-03 08:45
(Received via mailing list)
Hi, folks. Happy New Year!

With the nice post of Firas' 'usrp_spectrum_sense.py explanation'
post, I slightly modified the code to work with my USRP2 box.

1. When I interrupt the execution of the code with ^C, I the following
error message
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    thread-per-block[4]: <gr_block bin_statistics_f (5)>]: caught
unrecognized exception
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    I guess this is because I forced to terminate the flow graph in
the middle of its execution. I wonder if there is any 'nice way' to
stop the execution normally so that I don't get the error above and
the problem #2 below.

2. After I get the error message above, my USRP2 won't work properly
when I re-run the code. The followings are the message it returns.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "./usrp2_spectrum_sense.py", line 192, in <module>
        tb = my_top_block()
      File "./usrp2_spectrum_sense.py", line 128, in __init__
        self.u = usrp2.source_32fc(options.interface, options.MAC_addr)
      File "/usr/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/gnuradio/usrp2.py",
line 449, in source_32fc
        return _usrp2.source_32fc(*args)
    RuntimeError: Unable to retrieve daughterboard info
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    When I cold reset the box, it just works fine just like before. I
monitored the serial port of the box and no messages come out when it
won't work properly. However, when I disconnect the GbE line, it
recognizes the disconnect and send out message saying something like
'connection speed changed to 0'. When I re-connect the ethernet, it
says something like 'connection speed changed to 1000'.
    So, my guess is that the USRP2 box is probably still busy sending
samples to PC when I terminated the program execution and does not
listen to the control message from PC.
    Is there anybody knows if this is a problem with the USRP2
firmware(MicroBlaze Soft Core?) problem or a problem of my python
code?

3. I also experimented the code with pre-saved sample file. When I run
the code with 'usrp2_spectrum_sense.py -i SomePreSavedSamples.dat' and
terminate the execution with ^C, I get 'Segmentation fault' and heavy
core file dumped.
   I wonder what is the most popular way to debug the core file to
track down the problem? Is the gdb best as usual? Is there anybody to
share the debugging tricks or tips ?

FYI, the followings are the code I used.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright 2005,2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
#
# This file is part of GNU Radio
#
# GNU Radio is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
# any later version.
#
# GNU Radio is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with GNU Radio; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
# the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street,
# Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
#

from gnuradio import gr, gru, eng_notation, window
from gnuradio import usrp2
from gnuradio.eng_option import eng_option
from optparse import OptionParser
import sys
import math
import struct


class tune(gr.feval_dd):
    """
    This class allows C++ code to callback into python.
    """
    def __init__(self, tb):
        gr.feval_dd.__init__(self)
        self.tb = tb

    def eval(self, ignore):
        """
        This method is called from gr.bin_statistics_f when it wants to
change
        the center frequency.  This method tunes the front end to the
new center
        frequency, and returns the new frequency as its result.
        """
        try:
            # We use this try block so that if something goes wrong from
here
            # down, at least we'll have a prayer of knowing what went
wrong.
            # Without this, you get a very mysterious:
            #
            #   terminate called after throwing an instance of
'Swig::DirectorMethodException'
            #   Aborted
            #
            # message on stderr.  Not exactly helpful ;)

            new_freq = self.tb.set_next_freq()
            return new_freq

        except Exception, e:
            print "tune: Exception: ", e


class parse_msg(object):
    def __init__(self, msg):
        self.center_freq = msg.arg1()
        self.vlen = int(msg.arg2())
        assert(msg.length() == self.vlen * gr.sizeof_float)

        # FIXME consider using Numarray or NumPy vector
        t = msg.to_string()
        self.raw_data = t
        self.data = struct.unpack('%df' % (self.vlen,), t)


class my_top_block(gr.top_block):

    def __init__(self):
        gr.top_block.__init__(self)

        parser = OptionParser(option_class=eng_option)
        parser.add_option("-e", "--interface", type="string",
default="eth0",
                          help="Select ethernet interface. Default is
eth0")
        parser.add_option("-m", "--MAC_addr", type="string", default="",
                          help="Select USRP2 by its MAC address.
Default is auto-select")
        parser.add_option("", "--start", type="eng_float", default=1e7,
                          help="Start ferquency [default = %default]")
        parser.add_option("", "--stop", type="eng_float", default=1e8,
                          help="Stop ferquency [default = %default]")
        parser.add_option("", "--tune-delay", type="eng_float",
default=1e-3, metavar="SECS",
                          help="time to delay (in seconds) after
changing frequency [default=%default]")
        parser.add_option("", "--dwell-delay", type="eng_float",
default=10e-3, metavar="SECS",
                          help="time to dwell (in seconds) at a given
frequncy [default=%default]")
        parser.add_option("-s", "--fft-size", type="int", default=256,
                          help="specify number of FFT bins
[default=%default]")
        parser.add_option("-d", "--decim", type="intx", default=16,
                          help="set decimation to DECIM
[default=%default]")
        parser.add_option("-i", "--input_file", default="",
                           help="radio input file", metavar="FILE")

        (options, args) = parser.parse_args()

        if options.input_file == "":
            self.IS_USRP2 = True
        else:
            self.IS_USRP2 = False

        self.min_freq = options.start
        self.max_freq = options.stop

        if self.min_freq > self.max_freq:
            self.min_freq, self.max_freq = self.max_freq,
self.min_freq   # swap them
            print "Start and stop frequencies order swapped!"

  self.fft_size = options.fft_size


        # build graph

  s2v = gr.stream_to_vector(gr.sizeof_gr_complex, self.fft_size)

        mywindow = window.blackmanharris(self.fft_size)
        fft = gr.fft_vcc(self.fft_size, True, mywindow)

        c2mag = gr.complex_to_mag_squared(self.fft_size)

        # Set the usrp2 dependent parts
        if self.IS_USRP2:
            self.u = usrp2.source_32fc(options.interface,
options.MAC_addr)
            self.u.set_decim(options.decim)
            samp_rate = self.u.adc_rate() / self.u.decim()
        else:
            self.u = gr.file_source(gr.sizeof_gr_complex,
options.input_file, True)
            samp_rate = 64e6 / options.decim

        # Set the freq_step to 75% of the actual data throughput.
        # This allows us to discard the bins on both ends of the
spectrum.
        self.freq_step = 0.75 * samp_rate
        self.min_center_freq = self.min_freq + self.freq_step/2
        nsteps = math.ceil((self.max_freq - self.min_freq) /
self.freq_step)
        self.max_center_freq = self.min_center_freq + (nsteps *
self.freq_step)

        self.next_freq = self.min_center_freq

        tune_delay  = max(0, int(round(options.tune_delay * samp_rate
/ self.fft_size)))  # in fft_frames
        dwell_delay = max(1, int(round(options.dwell_delay * samp_rate
/ self.fft_size))) # in fft_frames

        self.msgq = gr.msg_queue(16)
        self._tune_callback = tune(self)        # hang on to this to
keep it from being GC'd
        stats = gr.bin_statistics_f(self.fft_size, self.msgq,
                                   self._tune_callback, tune_delay,
dwell_delay)

        # Now, connect them all
  self.connect(self.u, s2v, fft, c2mag, stats)


    def set_next_freq(self):
        target_freq = self.next_freq
        self.next_freq = self.next_freq + self.freq_step

        if self.next_freq >= self.max_center_freq:
            self.next_freq = self.min_center_freq

        if self.IS_USRP2:
            if not self.set_freq(target_freq):
                print "Failed to set frequency to ", target_freq, "Hz"

        return target_freq

    def set_freq(self, target_freq):
        return self.u.set_center_freq(target_freq)

def main_loop(tb):
    while 1:
        # Get the next message sent from the C++ code (blocking call).
        # It contains the center frequency and the mag squared of the
fft
        m = parse_msg(tb.msgq.delete_head())

        # Print center freq so we know that something is happening...
        print "Center Frequency :", m.center_freq, "Hz"
        print m.data

        # FIXME do something useful with the data...

        # m.data are the mag_squared of the fft output (they are in the
        # standard order.  I.e., bin 0 == DC.)
        # You'll probably want to do the equivalent of "fftshift" on
them
        # m.raw_data is a string that contains the binary floats.
        # You could write this as binary to a file.


if __name__ == '__main__':
    tb = my_top_block()
    try:
        tb.start()              # start executing flow graph in another
thread..
        main_loop(tb)

    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        pass
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thank you for reading the long post and sharing your valuable time.  :-)

Best regards,

Ilkyoung.
Eric B. (Guest)
on 2009-01-03 20:51
(Received via mailing list)
On Sat, Jan 03, 2009 at 03:45:22PM +0900, ILKYOUNG KWOUN wrote:
>     ------------------------------------------------------------------
>     I guess this is because I forced to terminate the flow graph in
> the middle of its execution. I wonder if there is any 'nice way' to
> stop the execution normally so that I don't get the error above and
> the problem #2 below.

That's for posting the problem and the code that reproduces it.
We've got some control-C handling problems that need attention.

Because of the incorrect shutdown, the USRP2 isn't getting shutdown
properly, and is probably still streaming samples.
That's http://gnuradio.org/trac/ticket/276


> 3. I also experimented the code with pre-saved sample file. When I run
> the code with 'usrp2_spectrum_sense.py -i SomePreSavedSamples.dat' and
> terminate the execution with ^C, I get 'Segmentation fault' and heavy
> core file dumped.
>    I wonder what is the most popular way to debug the core file to
> track down the problem? Is the gdb best as usual? Is there anybody to
> share the debugging tricks or tips ?

Use gdb.  See these GNU Radio specific instructions on connecting to
the python process that has all the GR stuff loaded:
http://www.gnu.org/software/gnuradio/doc/howto-wri...

Once the problem occurs try:

> bt

or

> thread apply all bt


Eric
Adnan A. (Guest)
on 2010-11-05 17:22
hey! I tried your script "usrp2_spectrum_sense.py" but its not working,
every time i run this code it gives the error "Failed to set frequency",
if you have updated it or fixed it, please give some suggestion.

thanks,
Adnan
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